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HIV and AIDS. Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann. What is HIV?. H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus Causes AIDS Overtime Damages the immune system. What is AIDS?. A cquired I mmuno d eficiency S yndrome When immune system is weak:

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hiv and aids

HIV and AIDS

Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann

what is hiv
What is HIV?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Causes AIDS
  • OvertimeDamages the immune system

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

what is aids
What is AIDS?
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • When immune system is weak:
    • _______________ and infections enter the body
      • This stage of HIV is called AIDS

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

how is hiv aids transmitted
How is HIV/AIDS Transmitted?
  • Vaginal, anal, oral sex
  • ___________ sharing
  • Mother to fetus or newborn
  • Blood-to-blood contact

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

hiv aids is not spread by
HIV/AIDS is NOT spread by:
  • Shaking hands, touching or hugging
  • Breathing, coughing or ______________
  • Using toilets, telephones, etc.

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

continued
Continued…
  • Sharing food, drinks, etc
  • Insect bites including _______________
  • Tears or sweat

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

symptoms of hiv
Symptoms of HIV
  • Rapid _______________
  • Dry cough
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Profound, unexplained fatigue
  • Swollen lymph glands in armpits, groin, neck

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

symptoms of hiv8
Symptoms of HIV
  • Diarrhea lasting for more than _________
  • White spots or unusual blemishes on tongue, in the mouth or throat
  • Pneumonia

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

continued9
Continued…
  • Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin, in the mouth, nose or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression & other neurological disorders

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

however
HOWEVER…
  • All of these symptoms can be related to _______________ as well!!!

www.cdc.gov/hiv/

testing for hiv aids
Testing for HIV/AIDS
  • Testing positive for HIV does NOT mean you have AIDS BUT if left _____________ can become AIDS
  • Blood tests:
    • Count CD4 cellswhite blood cells which attack infections
    • If infected your CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm^3

Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov

treatments and medications
Treatments and Medications
  • No vaccines or medicines will __________ the spread of HIV
  • Most medicines slow the progression of HIV in an infected person
  • Medicine also used to prevent transmission from mother to baby during and after pregnancy

Information from aidsinfo.nih.gov

medicines used
Medicines Used
  • Zidovudine (Retrovir)
  • Nevirapine (Viramune)
  • Tenofovir
  • What exactly do these medicines do?
  • What are the possible side effects?

Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov

preventing dealing with aids counseling options
Preventing & Dealing with AIDS…Counseling Options
  • Risk-Reduction Counseling: Targets at-risk individuals
  • Most counseling is aimed at PREVENTING the HIV contraction
  • Therapy is also available to HIV infected individuals and their families

Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov

why is hiv aids continuing to spread
Why is HIV/AIDS Continuing to Spread?
  • Failure to change risky behaviors
  • Myths about HIV
  • Poor _____________ conditions
  • Naivete
aids across the globe
AIDS Across The Globe
  • http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf.html
interesting statistics
Interesting Statistics
  • At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 people in the US were living with HIV/AIDS, 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection
  • The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2003 in the US is 929,985

www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats.htm

deaths due to aids
The cumulative estimated number of deaths of persons with AIDS through 2003 is 524,060 including:

518,568 adults and adolescents

5,492 children under age 13

Deaths Due to AIDS

www.cdc.gov.hiv/stats.htm

what can be done
What Can Be Done?
  • Websites to browse through:
    • http://www.projecthope.org
    • http://www.worldvision.org
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