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HIV and AIDS. Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann. What is HIV?. H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus Causes AIDS Overtime Damages the immune system. What is AIDS?. A cquired I mmuno d eficiency S yndrome When immune system is weak:

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Presentation Transcript
hiv and aids


Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann

what is hiv
What is HIV?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Causes AIDS
  • OvertimeDamages the immune system

what is aids
What is AIDS?
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • When immune system is weak:
    • _______________ and infections enter the body
      • This stage of HIV is called AIDS

how is hiv aids transmitted
How is HIV/AIDS Transmitted?
  • Vaginal, anal, oral sex
  • ___________ sharing
  • Mother to fetus or newborn
  • Blood-to-blood contact

hiv aids is not spread by
HIV/AIDS is NOT spread by:
  • Shaking hands, touching or hugging
  • Breathing, coughing or ______________
  • Using toilets, telephones, etc.

  • Sharing food, drinks, etc
  • Insect bites including _______________
  • Tears or sweat

symptoms of hiv
Symptoms of HIV
  • Rapid _______________
  • Dry cough
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Profound, unexplained fatigue
  • Swollen lymph glands in armpits, groin, neck

symptoms of hiv8
Symptoms of HIV
  • Diarrhea lasting for more than _________
  • White spots or unusual blemishes on tongue, in the mouth or throat
  • Pneumonia

  • Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin, in the mouth, nose or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression & other neurological disorders

  • All of these symptoms can be related to _______________ as well!!!

testing for hiv aids
Testing for HIV/AIDS
  • Testing positive for HIV does NOT mean you have AIDS BUT if left _____________ can become AIDS
  • Blood tests:
    • Count CD4 cellswhite blood cells which attack infections
    • If infected your CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm^3

Information from

treatments and medications
Treatments and Medications
  • No vaccines or medicines will __________ the spread of HIV
  • Most medicines slow the progression of HIV in an infected person
  • Medicine also used to prevent transmission from mother to baby during and after pregnancy

Information from

medicines used
Medicines Used
  • Zidovudine (Retrovir)
  • Nevirapine (Viramune)
  • Tenofovir
  • What exactly do these medicines do?
  • What are the possible side effects?

Information from

preventing dealing with aids counseling options
Preventing & Dealing with AIDS…Counseling Options
  • Risk-Reduction Counseling: Targets at-risk individuals
  • Most counseling is aimed at PREVENTING the HIV contraction
  • Therapy is also available to HIV infected individuals and their families

Information from

why is hiv aids continuing to spread
Why is HIV/AIDS Continuing to Spread?
  • Failure to change risky behaviors
  • Myths about HIV
  • Poor _____________ conditions
  • Naivete
aids across the globe
AIDS Across The Globe
interesting statistics
Interesting Statistics
  • At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 people in the US were living with HIV/AIDS, 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection
  • The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2003 in the US is 929,985

deaths due to aids
The cumulative estimated number of deaths of persons with AIDS through 2003 is 524,060 including:

518,568 adults and adolescents

5,492 children under age 13

Deaths Due to AIDS

what can be done
What Can Be Done?
  • Websites to browse through: