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Grammar-translation. Daniel Medrano & Jessica Rodriguez. History of Grammar-Translation. Dates back to Erasmus 1466-1536 Originally used to teach Latin and Greek in the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries. Grammar-Translation Method.

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grammar translation
Grammar-translation

Daniel Medrano

&

Jessica Rodriguez

history of grammar translation
History of Grammar-Translation
  • Dates back to Erasmus 1466-1536
  • Originally used to teach Latin and Greek in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
grammar translation method
Grammar-Translation Method
  • traditional method of second language teaching in schools
  • Most common language teaching method
  • Stressed the literacy development
  • Method is two-fold
  • Teacher centered
characteristics of grammar translation
Characteristics of Grammar-Translation
  • Learners need grammar and vocabulary
  • Taught deductively
  • Learned for passing English written Exams
  • Extensive memorization of
    • Rules
    • Grammatical paradigms
    • Verb conjugations
teacher s role
Teacher’s Role
  • Requires little training
  • Control of classroom
  • Follows text book format
  • Little interaction with students
student s role
Student’s Role
  • memorize vocabulary
  • verb declensions
  • learn rules of grammar
  • take dictation
  • translate written passages
  • Right answers are expected
  • Little interaction with teachers and other students
techniques
Techniques
  • Translation of literary passage
  • Reading comprehension questions
  • Use of antonyms/synonyms
  • Use of cognates
  • Deductive application of a rule
  • Fill-in-the-blanks
  • Memorization
  • Use words in sentences; and
  • composition
advantages
Advantages
  • Easiest for teachers to use
  • Does not require teachers to speak good English or make good lesson preparations.
  • Only uses the textbook
  • Least stressful for students-teaching occurs in the first language
  • Students learn the new language without contact with native speakers.
disadvantages
Disadvantages
  • Students lack comprehension-only translating word-for-word
  • Does not allow students to create meaning in English
  • Students do not learn to read.
  • Extensive memorization
  • Very little student/teacher and student/student interaction
current application
Current Application
  • Used with other methods such as
    • Direct Method
    • Audio-lingual
    • Silent Way
    • Total Physical Response
  • Preferred by international student because they are used to rigid educational systems.
  • Used in many Asian countries
  • Used in higher educational institutions
lesson
Lesson

Translate the following into English on

your own paper.

  • Wie sagt man auf deutsch:
  • Yo quiero comer comida de perro.
  • Wure es dhe baurum?
  • Whath is Your name?
references for ppt
References for PPT:
  • Richard-Amato, Patricia A. (2003). Making It Happen: From Interactive to Participatory Language Teaching. (3rd Edition), Longman, White Plains, New York.
  • Thuleen, Nancy. “The Grammar-Translation Method.” Website Article. 24 October 1996.

<http.//www.nthuleen.com/papers/720reprot.html>

  • Brown, H.D (1994). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (3rd edition). Anglewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Prentice Hall.
  • Richards, J.C. and T.S. Rodgers. (1986). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge University Press.
  • http://www.esperatnic.org/esf/f-r3.htm
  • www.ncela.gwu.edu/