Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. The Sentencing Process: From Fines to the Death Penalty Reichel / Albanese. Questions:. What does society hope to gain from punishing wrongdoers? Explain the difference between a sanction with a humanitarian motive and
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The Sentencing Process:
From Fines to the Death Penalty
Reichel / Albanese
What does society hope to gain
from punishing wrongdoers?
Explain the difference between
a sanction with a humanitarian motive and
a sanction with a utilitarian motive.
What would be advantages or disadvantages of both?
Do sanctions serve an economic function?
If so, should they?
Consider the following scenario:
A 21-year-old man is found
guilty of burglary for the second time.
This time he has taken a television set.
Which of the following sentences
do you consider appropriate for such a case? Why?
Fine – Prison – Community Service – Suspended Sentence
Any other sentence
Legal sanctions handed out to offenders that
do not require time served in a correctional facility.
Alternatives to incarceration include:
The fine is a penalty imposed on a convicted offender by a court, or in some countries, by another arm of the criminal justice system, requiring that he or she pay a specified sum of money.
Restitution is when an offender is required or volunteers to pay money to make reparation for harm resulting from a criminal offense. Payment is made by the offender and is received by the victim, his or her representative, or a public fund for victims of crime.
Community service is when an offender is asked to “pay back” the community by performing a set number of hours of unpaid work for a not-for-profit agency.
*Misdemeanors in Germany include: aggravated assault, fraud,extortion, and most economic and environmental offenses.
A key characteristic of contemporary probation
practices around the world is
that it attempts to reintegrate the offender into society.
The offender is making a symbolic apology and
the community is making a symbolic forgiveness.
Any sentence in which a person’s body is subjected to physical pain such as flogging, mutilation, electric shock, or branding.
Is it more cruel to know exactly when you will die
and be forced to sit idly by until the moment arrives
To know you are scheduled to die but not whether it will be this afternoon or 10 years from now (Japan)?