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BRITISH EDUCATION SYSTEM. Chapter 9. Purpose. Teach basics – reading, writing, arithmetic Socialize the children-taught rules and values needed to become good citizens State heavily involved –when, where, how and what children taught. Controversial Decisions.

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purpose
Purpose
  • Teach basics – reading, writing, arithmetic
  • Socialize the children-taught rules and values needed to become good citizens
  • State heavily involved –when, where, how and what children taught
controversial decisions
Controversial Decisions
  • Should children be punished physically?

Currently corporal punishment banned in UK

  • What sort of English should students learn?

Should students be forced to speak in a standardized way rather than regional accents?

controversy not just about education
Controversy-not just about education
  • Britain is society where social class very important
  • Educational policy can determine if class inequality can be erased or continued
  • Continued debate over how “EQUAL” educational opportunity should be
  • Important relationship between education and social class
  • 51% working class 49% middle class but opportunities very different between classes
school tie is mark of social class
School Tie is Mark of Social Class
  • Men wear school ties as belts – proudly displaying attendance at certain school
  • Attendance at certain school (like Oxford or Cambridge) is single best way to guarantee successful career
  • Where educated is very important for your future
history
HISTORY
  • Today British education run by government
  • Gvt. provides money, oversees standards & tries for all quality ed.
  • Historically education was voluntary & set up by Churches
  • Church influence still strong today with daily prayers & hymn singing
  • WWll moved children to countryside
  • After WWll restructured 1944 Education Act-entry to higher ed. Available for all based on abilities not class
history continued
HISTORY CONTINUED
  • All students given right to free secondary & good education
  • 1960’s-”Comprehensive schools” introduced-most academically capable sent to prepare Univ. while less capable vocational schools
  • 1989-National Curriculum-all must study:english, mathematics, science, religious ed. , history, geography, technology, music, art, p.e. & a modern foreign language. –pass National tests
present ed system
PRESENT ED. SYSTEM
  • COMPULSORY 5-15 (4-15 in NI)
  • State (free) or private
  • Gov. sometimes assist church schools
  • League tables school rankings
  • Usually go near home but may go a distance for better education
  • 5-11 primary 11-19 secondary
  • 11+ test if pass educational emphasis on advanced Academics
  • GCSE General certificate of secondary ed. Which shows progress/course pursue
  • 16 quit or exams for university or voc. Training
  • Every 16 & 17 guaranteed full-time ed or training
higher education
HIGHER EDUCATION
  • Most Univ. public paid by gov.
  • Univ. of Buckingham exception (priv)
  • Long history back to 12 and 13th cent
  • Scottish univ. St. Andrews, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen 14 & 15th c.
  • Other univ. 19th and 20th centuries
  • Large growth in 1960’s
  • 1992 polytechs and others-univ.
higher education continued
Higher Education Continued
  • 1991- 353,000 students in universities 87,000 from overseas(25,000 some funding)
  • 2000-1in 3 attend univ.
  • The Open University-No requirements to register, take courses thru textbooks, TV, radio, correspondence, videos, residential schools and a network study centers
  • TOU-all walks of life-coal miners to housewifes
  • TOU inspired the founding of China’s TV and Radio University. BA, BS, MA, PHd