Chapter 11. Diet and Health. Photo courtesy of the USDA. Introduction. Infectious diseases Bacteria, viruses, parasites, and other microbes Vaccines and antibiotics have made them less of a risk Degenerative diseases Lifestyle diseases, or the diseases of age
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An Atherogenic Diet increases CVD risks
A diet that lowers the risk of CVD includes
A high dietary intake of salt and sodium is associated with hypertension
Dietary recommendations to keep blood pressure low
DASH diet often reduces blood pressure
A low-fat diet with abundant fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products that provide the needed nutrients while limiting sodium intake
If diet and exercise fail to reduce blood pressure, drugs as diuretics and other antihypertensive agents may be prescribed
Cancer develops through the following steps
Population studies find that diets lacking in green and yellow fruits and vegetables and citrus fruits correlate with cancers of many types (inverse relationship)
More women are in the workforce and the hours for all wage earners have increased
Marketing to Children
Does The Food Industry Cause Obesity?
Consumers can choose to live as though such incentives were already in place