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Diet, Oral Health and Wellness

Diet, Oral Health and Wellness

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Diet, Oral Health and Wellness

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  1. Diet, Oral Health and Wellness

  2. What’s the connection? • Diet and oral health are closely related • A healthy dentition is needed to chew fresh, whole foods and…… • The foods we choose to eat can directly impact the health of teeth and gums • The goal is healthy mouths and healthy bodies

  3. To develop a cavity you need… • A susceptible tooth • Decay-causing bacteria (dental plaque) • Carbohydrate (carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen = CHO) Sugar (CHO) + Bacteria = Acid Production

  4. How do you strengthen the teeth to reduce decay? • How do you reduce bacterial plaque? • Should you eliminate carbohydrates from your diet?

  5. Carbohydrates Fuel Us • Simple CHO-table sugar, honey, fructose • Complex CHO-found in vegetables, whole fruits and whole grains, fiber • The frequency eaten (how often) and the texture (how sticky) of the CHO are important factors to consider when changing the diet to decrease dental decay • All CHO’s can demineralize tooth enamel

  6. Simple Sugar-Sticky Texture

  7. Eat Less Simple Carbohydrates

  8. Eat More Complex Carbohydrates

  9. Developing bones/teeth need calcium rich foods/dairy products

  10. Benefits of Drinking Water • Frequently drinking soda pop and fruit juices can increase the risk for tooth decay • When you are thirsty, reach for water, it is calorie free and may contain fluoride • Water is an essential nutrient needed for total health • Most bottled water does not contain fluoride

  11. Bottled water

  12. Children Need Two Types of Fluoride • Topical (you may need two or more) toothpaste, gels, rinses (topical sources are not swallowed) • Systemic (you only need one) community water fluoridation or prescription fluoride supplements (systemic sources are swallowed)

  13. Saliva’s a Good Thing…. • Saliva offers natural protection against decay – it neutralizes the acid in the mouth • Individuals with less saliva and “dry” mouths are at more risk for tooth decay • Chewing sugarless gum after a meal or snack does promote saliva production which can help protect teeth

  14. Bulimia Nervosa – frequent vomiting causes enamel erosion due to the acid content, which can lead to tooth decay Anorexia Nervosa – starvation diets rob teeth and bodies of essential nutrients A balanced diet and regular exercise is the best combination to maintain a healthy weight Impact of Eating Disorders

  15. Dental Erosion

  16. To Reduce Dental Decay You Can… • Strengthen the tooth enamel with appropriate fluorides • Protect the chewing surfaces of teeth with dental sealants • Brush & floss daily to remove bacteria • Limit servings of sticky CHO foods and sweet beverages / increase complex CHO

  17. Molar on right has no sealant. Dark spot may be start of decay Molar on left has sealant Dental Sealant

  18. Make the Connection • A healthy mouth means a healthy body • Eating a balanced diet with a variety of foods will improve oral health and general health • Reducing the frequency of sugary foods and beverages will reduce tooth decay and help maintain a healthy weight