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AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS ERITREA. Contents. Country Background Agricultural Statistics in Eritrea Farming Systems. Country Background. Eritrea is an East-African country Total area of 124,000 km2 Population estimate of 3.8 million Bordered by:- The Red sea:- Northeast and East

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contents
Contents
  • Country Background
  • Agricultural Statistics in Eritrea
  • Farming Systems
country background
Country Background
  • Eritrea is an East-African country
  • Total area of 124,000 km2
  • Population estimate of 3.8 million
  • Bordered by:-
    • The Red sea:- Northeast and East
    • Djibouti:- Southeast
    • Ethiopia:- South
    • Sudan:- West and Northwest
main agro ecological zones
Main Agro-Ecological Zones
  • Central Highland (>1,500 m.a.s.l)
  • Western Escarpment (600-1,500 m.a.s.l)
  • Southwestern Lowland (600-750 m.a.s.l)
  • Northwestern Lowland (400-1,500 m.a.s.l)
  • Green Belt (750-2,000 m.a.s.l)
  • Costal Plain (0-600 m.a.s.l)
slide6
Administrative Regions (Zobas)

NRS

Anseba

SRS

Gash-Barka

Debub

Maekel

NRS

Debub

Debub

mixed cereal pulse system
Mixed Cereal/Pulse System
  • In the Green Belt zone
  • Mixed system including permanent tree crops
  • This zone used as seasonal transhumance for agro-pastoralists
  • Average annual rainfall 700-1000mm
  • Dense coniferous dorest
rainfall
Rainfall
  • Two Precipitations
    • June – September
      • Western Lowlands and Highlands
    • October –March
      • Eastern Lowlands
  • Range varies
    • 200 mm in the Coastal plains
    • 1000 mm in the Eastern Escarpment
  • Generally rainfall in Eritrea is torrential and erratic
agricultural statistics
Agricultural Statistics
  • Agricultural data collection is weak
  • Inadequate technical expertise
    • absence of Sampling Frame
    • Shortage of financial resources
    • Inadequate trained manpower for collection, analysis and interpretation
  • Currently agri-data are organized by the MOA and Zobas
crop data
Crop Data
  • Crop Assessment Survey (main source)
    • Conducted every year starting 1992
    • Quantitative forecast of crop production
    • tentative and not very accurate
      • Crop in the field
      • Rapid and subjective methods
      • Based on interview of sample of farmers
      • No objective measurement used
  • According the crop assessment survey Eritrea is a “food deficit” country
livestock data
Livestock Data
  • Most livestock producers –Subsistence
  • 50% of cattle herd found in Gash-Barka Region
  • Livestock Census conducted – 1997
market data
Market Data
  • Market prices are collected by different institutions
  • Agricultural Marketing Can be Classified as
    • Livestock Marketing
    • Dairy Marketing
    • Poultry and Egg Marketing
    • Horticulture Marketing
    • Field Crop Marketing
livestock marketing
Livestock Marketing
  • Long and complex channels
  • Poor trekking routes
  • MOA promoting transport by vehicles
  • Poor market facilities
  • Poor Handling of Hides & Skins
  • Inaccuracy in price collection
    • Animal quality
    • Time
dairy marketing
Dairy Marketing
  • About 10,000 dairies
  • Rise steadily be/n 1991 and 1997 but fallen back
  • High demand for milk & milk products
  • High price of milk
  • Asmara dairy factory
poultry and egg marketing
Poultry and Egg Marketing
  • Divided into two sectors
    • Backyard
    • Commercial
  • Marketed through urban retail markets
    • Farmers
    • Traders
  • Chickens are sold live
  • No grading for eggs
horticulture marketing
Horticulture Marketing
  • Marketing channels vary according to crop and Region
  • Mostly delivered directly to markets by farmers
  • 37% of banana products sold to traders at farm gate
  • Fruit trade is dominated by wholesalers
  • Good market facilities
field crop marketing
Field Crop Marketing
  • Subsistence farmers
  • Marketing channels
    • Farmer to consumer
    • Farmer to trader/village collectors
    • Farmer to Eritrean Grain Board
  • Import of field crops is common
  • Prices rises from time to time
main farming systems
Main Farming Systems
  • Sedentary rain fed cereal/pulses system
  • Mixed cereal/pulse system
  • Agro-pastoralism
  • Nomadic pastoralist system
  • Spate irrigation farming system
  • Commercial farming system
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