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Mountain goat 15. Bighorn sheep 32. Cougar 188. Game Bird Harvests in ... Hunters spent $23 Billion in direct expenses. Ripple effect of $73 Billion. Generated $3.1 ...

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role of hunting in wildlife management

Role of Hunting in Wildlife Management

Dr. Kenneth J. Raedeke

Affiliate Professor

University of Washington

traditional roles of hunting
Traditional Roles of Hunting
  • Harvest resources (meat, hides, etc.)
  • Manage wildlife populations
  • Reduce problem species
  • Provide recreational opportunities
  • Economic return to society
north american wildlife management model
North American Wildlife Management Model
  • Wildlife as a public trust resource
  • Elimination of markets for game
  • Allocation of wildlife by law
  • Kill only for legitimate purpose
  • Wildlife is an international resource
  • Science-based wildlife policy
  • Democracy of hunting
current big game harvests in washington state 2008
Current Big Game Harvests in Washington State (2008)
  • Deer 35,040
  • Elk 6,826
  • Moose 74
  • Black bear 2,115
  • Mountain goat 15
  • Bighorn sheep 32
  • Cougar 188
game bird harvests in washington state 2008
Game Bird Harvests in Washington State (2008)
  • Wild turkey 5,035
  • Pheasants 20,000
  • Band-tailed pigeons 434
  • Doves 68,735
  • Ducks 410,000
  • Geese 74,045
  • Grouse & Quail 251,472
economic value of hunting 1996 data
Economic Value of Hunting(1996 Data)
  • 14 Million hunters in USA
  • Hunters spent $23 Billion in direct expenses
  • Ripple effect of $73 Billion
  • Generated $3.1 Billion in state and federal taxes
  • Created 704,600 jobs nationwide
    • Resulting in household income of $416 Billion
    • 1% of USA workforce
washington state statistics 2006 data
Washington State Statistics(2006 data)
  • Hunters 182,000
  • Days of hunting 2,126,000
  • Total expenditures $313,134,000
  • Average $$ per hunter $1,688
  • Average $$ per Wildlife

Viewer $563

pittman robertson funding
Pittman-Robertson Funding
  • Hunter initiated tax on firearms and ammunition of 10% in 1930
  • Generated $2 billion
  • Currently $150 million per year
  • Funds used for wildlife management by states
wildlife harvest models
Wildlife Harvest Models
  • Annual surplus model
    • Large mammals
    • Bird populations
  • Maximum Sustained Yield (MSY)
    • Large mammals (control situations)
  • Population control model
    • For pest or eruptive populations
annual surplus model
Annual Surplus Model
  • Hunting takes the annual surplus production that can not be supported by the habitat
  • Based on concept of compensatory mortality
    • That is, hunting mortality replaces other forms of mortality and is not additive
maximum sustained yield model
Maximum Sustained Yield Model
  • Produces the highest harvest from a population
  • Reduces population to half of carrying capacity of habitat
  • Based on logistic growth model
  • Used for deer/elk damage problems on private commodity lands
control of wildlife populations
Control of Wildlife Populations
  • Snow geese in western USA and Canada
  • White tailed deer in mid-west and eastern USA
  • Deer and elk on private commodity lands
why do i hunt
Why do I hunt?
  • Family tradition in rural America
  • Challenge of the chase
  • Get out doors and appreciate nature
  • Spend time with friends and family
  • Obtain interesting meat and artifacts
  • Support wildlife conservation
    • License fees ( $500 per year)
    • Tax on sporting goods
  • Travel to exotic lands