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Microbiology in a Nutshell. Yes, you will need to know this ... Ever wonder why Robin Williams is hirsute, while Patrick Stewart is follecularly ...

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Microbiology in a Nutshell

Yes, you will need to know this



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Ever wonder why Robin Williams is hirsute, while Patrick Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their DNA-


Viruses l.jpg
Viruses Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Microscopic (can’t see with the naked eye)

  • nonliving particle

  • Invades and reproduces inside a host.

  • Contains DNA or RNA

The red spots are the AIDS virus, they are surrounding other body cells.


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Virus Multiplication Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Active

    • Become sick within hours or days

  • Hidden

    • Illness can be delayed for weeks, months, or years

    • Triggered by environment?


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Bacteria Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Microscopic

  • Prokaryotes (means they don’t have a nucleus)

  • Living

  • Contains DNA


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Shapes of bacteria Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Spherical

  • Rodlike

  • Spiralshaped

  • They can also be in chains

    • Spherical chain


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Bacteria Multiplication Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Sexual reproduction

    • Two parents

    • Conjugation (transfer of genetic material through bridge)

  • Asexual reproduction

    • Binary Fission-Simply splitting in two


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Growth in Action Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their


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More on Growth Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Rapid, as fast as once every 20 minutes

  • Continues until they run out of the basics

    • Food

    • Air

    • Space


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Parasites Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Organisms that live on or in a host and cause harm.

  • Examples: Viruses, Bacteria, and tapeworms.

  • Can a bacteria be a host?


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How many can there be? Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • These bubble-headed creatures are called bacteriophages, viruses that target bacteria. The head holds DNA and the tail acts as a needle attaching to a specific site on the bacterial cell wall, the virus squirts DNA through the tail into the bacterium. Ouch! They are among the smallest of organisms. You could fit about 680,000 of these creatures on the head of a pin.


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What can you do? Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

  • Get Vaccines

  • Personal Hygiene

  • Use Disinfectants

  • Lines of Defense

    • Skin

    • Mucus barriers

    • Immune System


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Defenses cont. . Stewart is follecularly challenged? Well, the answer is in their

This is a human macrophage, found in your blood that wards off infection. It is homing in on a chain of nastyStreptococcus bacteria. Hitching a ride aboard the macrophage is a sphere-shaped lymphocyte. Both macrophage and lymphocyte can be found near the site of an infection, and the two act in concert to help eliminate it.


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The deadliest pandemic in history was the 1918 influenza epidemic, the Spanish Flu. By the time the "Spanish lady" departed, 22 million people had died of the mysterious killer.

Positively identifying the 1918 flu strain is made more difficult by the fact that the flu virus is capable of very rapid mutations


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Personal example epidemic, the Spanish Flu. By the time the "Spanish lady" departed, 22 million people had died of the mysterious killer.

  • A doctor stationed at Camp Devens, a military base just west of Boston, writes to a friend, and fellow physician, of the conditions to be found there as influenza was making its presence felt.


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Vaccines epidemic, the Spanish Flu. By the time the "Spanish lady" departed, 22 million people had died of the mysterious killer.

Existing flu shots are 70 percent to 90 percent effective at preventing flu in healthy young people

  • 50 percent effective in the elderly, (And even if the vaccines don't prevent the flu, they do tend to reduce symptoms and serious complications).


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High Risk Groups epidemic, the Spanish Flu. By the time the "Spanish lady" departed, 22 million people had died of the mysterious killer.

  • aged 65 and older

  • with chronic diseases affecting the heart, lung or kidneys

  • with diabetes, immunosuppression, or severe anemia

  • people in contact with doctors, nurses and nursing-home staff


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Prevention epidemic, the Spanish Flu. By the time the "Spanish lady" departed, 22 million people had died of the mysterious killer.

  • "The current U.S. plan in the event of a pandemic is to vaccinate virtually the entire population," says epidemiologist Nancy Arden.

  • Despite its advantages, less than 60 percent of the high-risk population gets the flu shot each year.