Multi-Stakeholder Approach
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Multi-Stakeholder Approach

Success StoriesCase Study: dot KE ccTLD (KENIC)

Vincent Ngundi

ATU ccTLD Governance Forum,

18th March 2009,

Port Louis, Mauritius

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  • About KENIC

  • Objectives of KENIC

  • Membership of KENIC

  • Role of KENIC Stakeholders

  • Sustainability of KENIC

  • Lessons Learnt

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  • Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)

  • Manager for dot KE ccTLD since 2002

  • dot KE Administrative Point of Contact

  • dot KE Technical Point of Contact

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Objectives of KENIC

  • To manage and Operate dot KE ccTLD in public interest

  • To promote the use of the dot KE Domain Name space

  • To use any surplus revenue to support ICT for development (ICT4D)

  • To represent the “Local Internet Community” in local and International fora

  • To build DNS capacity in Kenya: internship/registrar training/public forums

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Membership of KENIC

  • The Government;

  • The Private sector;

  • The Academia; and

  • The Civil society

  • As KENIC evolves, this will be reviewed

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Role of KENIC Stakeholders..

The Government:

  • Facilitator, Sponsoring entity & Public policy oversight,

  • Public Policies, Laws and Regulations

  • Neutral and trusted (Protect Public interest)

  • Enabling environment (Support & Funding)

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..Role of KENIC Stakeholders..

The Private Sector:

  • Have technical expertise to implement ccTLDs (DNS technical skills)

  • Business oriented to ensure sustainability of the project

  • Protect private sector interest

  • Support & Funding

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..Role of KENIC Stakeholders

  • Civil Society: ICT Advocacy

  • Academia: Research & Development

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Sustainability of KENIC

  • Seed money given by the Communications Regulator (CCK)

  • Minimal Domain Name Registration fees

  • Minimal Operational Costs: lean staff

  • Internship programme: DNS capacity building & enhanced additional HR

  • Complimentary Internet connectivity: sponsored by stakeholders

  • Free office space given by the Communications Regulator (CCK) – sponsoring organisation

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Lessons Learnt..

  • Management and Operations of a ccTLD should be modeled towards:

    • Public Private Partnerships (PPP): multi-stakeholder

    • Financial Self-sustainability

  • To set-up a ccTLD, a country needs:

    • to benchmark with established ccTLDs

    • a neutral hosting location: Regulator/Government/Public University

    • Startup finances: seed money

    • Adequate Technical capacity

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..Lessons Learnt

  • To set-up a ccTLD, a country needs:

    • Local ICT stakeholders support (PPP)

    • To define roles to be played by the various stakeholders in the ccTLD set-up and management process

    • Stable and Reliable Internet Infrastructure: Connectivity, Internet eXchange Point (IXP), Root DNS Servers,..

    • to adopt a bottom-up approach in policy development

    • Understanding global Internet policies that affect ccTLDs

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