BASIC INFORMATION Administrative and institutional structure in the water sector in the Czech Republic
Three River Basins - Elbe (North Sea, 66%),Odra (Baltic Sea, 13%), Morava (Black Sea, 21%)
Water authorities • Ministries,- central water authorities (policy makers) • Regional authorities (permitting authorities) • District authorities (will be abolished at the end of 2002), • Authorised municipalities (minor permitting authorities) • River Basin Companies (water management bodies) • Czech Environmental Inspection (enforcement body) • Czech Environmental Inspection was created in 1991 for the enforcement of environmental legislation in all regions
Ministries as central water authorities • Ministry of Agriculture acts as the central water authority in all areas except those specified as being the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment • Ministry of the Environment acts as the central water authority regarding: • protection of the quantity and the quality of surface water and groundwater, monitoring and assessment of water bodies, development and maintenance of the information system, • tasks related to European legislation in water protection, co-ordination the adoption and implementation of EC legislation in the water sector, • co-ordination of the water management plans and programs of measures as part of the international co-operation in water protection in the Elbe, Danube and Oder River Basin Districts.
Ministries as central water authorities (contd.) • Ministry of Health executes the powers of a central water authority in the matters relating to quality of drinking water and the determination of surface water in use for bathing, in co-operation with the Ministry of the Environment. • Ministry of Transport and Communications executes the powers of a central management authority in the matters relating to using surface water for shipping. • Ministry of Defence executes the powers of a central water authority in matters falling under the jurisdiction of military zone authorities.
Regional Authorities (14) • Main responsibilities: • co-operation with the Ministry of Agriculture (MA) and the Ministry of the Environment (ME) in preparation of programs of measures in river basin districts and implementation of measures stipulated by the programs of measures in public interest, • decisions in matters regarding transboundary waters after consulting with MA and ME • adoption of measures in extreme situations, in particular in cases of water shortages and accidents
District Authorities (77/0) execute presently the powers of the water authority. • Authorised municipal authorities (377/209) • Main responsibilities: • permits for withdrawal and other use of surface water or groundwater for the need of individual citizens (households), except for the discharge of waste water into surface water or groundwater • permits for the construction of individual housing buildings in flood plain areas when these activities do not affect the runoff regime • Numbers in brackets (current no. of authorities / no. of authorities after completion of administrative reform at the end of 2002)
The CEI has been created in 1991 for the enforcement of environmental legislation. One Head office at a national level and 10 Regional Inspectorates at the regional level Main responsabilities: Air protection, Water protection, forest protection inspectorate • Czech Environmental Inspection • River Basin Boards Main responsabilities: Administration of important watercourses and cooperation with small watercourses administrators, Formation of conditions for rational and ecological utilisation of surface water, watercourses and water supply, Protection against the emergency water pollution, against floods, exploitation water power, fisheries farming, storage reservoirs.
Administration of watercourses and river basins • Significant watercourses and river basins: • Elbe River Basins State Company • Vltava River Basins State Company • Ohře River Basins State Company • Odra River Basins State Company • Morava River Basins State Company
Administration of watercourses and river basins (contd.) • Small watercourses: • Agriculture Water Management Authority • Administrations of National Parks • Forests of the CR, State Company • Municipalities • Military zones
Surface Water Quality Monitoring • In national network since 1959 • Data stored in database since 1963 • Historical development of number of sampling sites Historical development of measured list of parameters
List of parameters • Basic set of parameters – all sampling sites (Oxygen regime, nutrients, microbiology etc.) – frequency 12 per year • Heavy metal (130 sampling sites,depending on reason) – frequency 12 per year • Organic compounds (130 sampling sites, PAH´s, PCB´s, VOC, pesticides, etc.) – frequency 12 per year
Ground Water Quality Monitoring • In national network since 1963 • Data stored in database since 1963 • Historical development of number of sampling sites (three networks – shallow wells - 146, deep wells - 180, springs - 135) • Historical development of measured list of parameters
List of parameters • Basic set of parameters – all sampling sites • Organic compounds (Exceeding AOX limit values, PAH, VOC, pesticides, etc.) – frequency 1 (spring) per year
Basic characteristics • Percentage of CR population linked to public water supply systems in 1989 in 2001 82.4 % 87.3 % • Percentage of CR population living in houses linked to public sewerage systems in 1989 in 2001 72.4 % 74.9 % • Quantity of waste water discharged into public sewerage systems in 1989 in 2001 878 mil. m3 570.7 mil.m3 • of which purified (including partial treatment) in 1989 in 2001 71.5 % 95.5 %
Web Sites of Interest • www.env.cz - Ministry of Environment • www.mze.cz - Ministry of Agriculture • www.chmi.cz - Hydrometereological Institute • www.vuv.cz - Water Research Institute • www.povodi.cz - River Basin Boards/Companies • www.zvhs.cz - Agricultural Water Management Authority (responsible for monitoring and management of small watercourses – attached to the Ministry of Agriculture)