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II. Feudalism A. Western Europe Attacked 800-1000 – Europe is attacked on all sides Vikings – Invade Europe from the north Viking ships weight 20 tons but can float in 3 feet of water Leif Erickson – Reached North America around 1000 – 500 years before Columbus Happy Leif Erickson Day

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a western europe attacked
A. Western Europe Attacked
  • 800-1000 – Europe is attacked on all sides
  • Vikings – Invade Europe from the north
  • Viking ships weight 20 tons but can float in 3 feet of water
  • Leif Erickson – Reached North America around 1000 – 500 years before Columbus
happy leif erickson day
Happy Leif Erickson Day

What is a Viking

b magyars muslims attack
B. Magyars & Muslims Attack
  • Magyars – Nomadic tribe that attacked Europe from the east
  • Did not settle on captured land, but caused damage and took slaves
  • Muslims – Attacked from the south
  • Muslims took over much of Spain
c results of invasions
C. Results of Invasions
  • 1) Caused widespread disorder
  • 2) Europeans lived in constant fear
  • 3) People no longer looked to central figures for authority
  • 4) Creation of feudalism
d structure of feudalism
D. Structure of Feudalism
  • Based on rights and obligations and the control of land
  • King – Top person in feudalism
  • Lord – Person who granted land (fief) to vassals in exchange for military protection
slide8
Vassal (Nobles) – Person who received land from lords
  • Knights – Mounted soldiers who pledge to defend their lord’s land
  • Serfs – Landless peasants who worked the lord’s land
    • Were not allowed to leave their lord’s land
    • Bound to the land but were not slaves
e three major social medieval social classes
E. Three Major Social Medieval Social Classes
  • 1) Those who fought
  • 2) Those who prayed
  • 3) Those who worked
f manorial system
F. Manorial System
  • Manor – A lord’s estate
  • Basic economic arrangement of the Middle Ages
  • Lords provided serfs with housing, farmland, and protection
g it s a small world
G. It’s a Small World
  • Most serfs never traveled more than 25 miles in their entire life
  • Manors were self-sufficient
  • Produced basically everything that was needed
h harshness of life
H. Harshness of Life
  • Peasants were forced to pay high taxes to lords
  • Tithe – Church tax of 1/10th of one’s income
  • Life expectance was 35
  • Serfs accepted their lives because they believed God determined one’s place in society