All babies cry • Crying is normal. • Babies cry for many reasons. • ALL babies will have times when they CANNOT stop crying.
Babies cry to communicate “CRY!” “CRY!” “CRY!” “CRY!” “CRY!”
Normal infant crying • The amount of crying: • Changes over time • Varies among normally-developing babies Adapted from the NCSBS and Ronald G. Barr, MDCM
The period of PURPLE crying Peak pattern Unpredictable Resistant to soothing Pain-like face Long bouts Evening cry From the NCSBS and Ronald G. Barr, MDCM
What is colic? • “Colic” suggests intestinal distress • Is something medically wrong with the baby? • Is the baby in pain? • Does “infant colic”simply refer to ababy that cries a lot?
What if the baby cries a lot? • “Colic” is extreme, but normal, crying. • Crying will greatly decrease by the time the baby is 3 to 4 months old. • Colicky infants show no lasting harm. • Get help if the crying is a problem for you or the baby. • Normal doesn’t mean easy!
Soothing a baby • Feed baby slowly and burpbaby often. • Make baby as comfortableas possible, for example,check temperature and diaper. • Provide gentle motionor relaxing sound. • Is baby hungry? Thirsty?Bored? Anxious? Sleepy? • Understand that all babies have times when they cannot stop crying.
Pre-angerHeating upBefore boiling over Anger Don’t let yourself boil over.
Anger workout Accept Name Get it out Energize Resume
A tired, frustrated caregiver and a crying baby can be a deadly combination leading a parent or other caregiver to shake a baby in a moment of frustration.
Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS)What is it? • SBS is a medical term used to describe the injuries that can result if a baby is violently shaken. • The younger the baby, the greater the risk of harm. • Violent shaking is one of the most devastating forms of child abuse.
Irritability Lethargy, sleepiness Feeding problems Vomiting Dilated pupils Poor muscle tone Pale or bluish skin Seizures Not breathing Loss of consciousness Early symptoms of shaking
Other physical signs • Rib fractures • Fractures of long bones in the arms or legs • External wound or bruise to head
Emergency response Call 911 • If the child stops breathing, begin CPR. • If the child is vomiting, turn the child to prevent choking or aspiration. • Do NOT pick up or shake the child!
What is the result? • Even with prompt medical attention many victims die. • Those who survive may have: • Blindness • Paralysis • Deafness • Broken bones • Learning disabilities • Coordination problems • Developmental challenges • Seizures The most common reason given for shaking a baby is that the baby wouldn’t stop crying.
Risk factors for being a victim • Age • Gender • Greater demands for care, for example illness, pre-maturity, or other special needs of some kind
Who would shake a baby? Anyone, but some people are more at risk: • Parents and other caregivers • Late teens and early 20s • Males • People with other risk factors – drug and alcohol use, mental illness, lack ofself-control, inexperience with babies,high stress
When a baby can’t stop crying • Try different ways to soothe the baby. • Know that a comforted baby doesn’t always mean a quiet baby. • Know that crying isn’t always a sign that something is wrong. • If at anytime you start feeling tense or frustrated, it is important for you to take a break.
It is more important to stay calm than to stop the crying • Put the baby in a safe place. • Shut the door. Leave for 10- to15-minutes. • If you are calm, try again to soothe the baby. • If you are not calm, seek help.Call someone. Babies cry. Have a plan.
It’s okay to ask for help Have the phone numbers of people who can help when the crying is too much. • Someone who can come over right away and help • The baby’s doctor, or nurse helpline • Local community resources
Babies cry.Have a plan… • To soothe the baby • To calm yourself • For who you can call for help
Remember… • All babies cry. • It is more important for you to stay calm than to stop the crying. • Plan ahead for who you will call when you need help. • Never shake a baby for any reason. Babies cry. Have a plan.
http:wctf.state.wi.us A special thanks to the Alberta, Canada, Shaken Baby SyndromePrevention Network for generously sharing materials and expertise.
Participant evaluation • Complete and hand inthe “Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention Training for Child Care Providers Participant Evaluation” • Visit http://wctf.state.wi.usfor more informationand SBS materials • Crying cards • Fact sheets • Crying plan • Thank you! This training on Shaken Baby Syndrome prevention was developed by theWisconsin Children’s Trust Fund, 110 East Main Street, Suite 614, Madison, WI 53703.