Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention Training provided by Child Abuse Prevention Council of Sacramento
Workshop Goals • Define Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) • Identify the signs and symptoms of SBS • Explore common triggers to shaking a baby • Teach parents how to formulate a plan for handling frustration, anger, and stress when a baby cries • Identify resources for SBS prevention • Raise awareness on parental experience
Shaken Baby Syndrome is… • Clinical Definition: Shake Baby Syndrome, or SBS, is a form of Abusive Head Trauma (AHT) that causes bleeding over the surface of the brain, swelling of the brain, bleeding at the back of the eyes, and other injuries not seen together in any other disease or medical condition. • Layperson’s Definition:Child abuse involving the shaking of a baby.
Why is a baby so vulnerable? • Heavy head - 25% of body weight • Weak neck muscles - Can’t resist movement • Space inside skull - Force increases • Delicate veins - Tear and bleed easily • Brain is still developing - Vulnerable to injury
Immediate Signs and Symptoms of Severe Shaking • Absence of response to stimulation • Lethargy • Convulsions • Inability to make sounds • Inability to track movement visually • Difficulty breathing • Blue-looking or dusty skin tone • Unconsciousness • Vomiting • Crying quieted to whimpering due to brain damage • Rolling eyes
Long Term Effects • Learning and cognitive disabilities • Behavioral disorders • Blindness • Paralysis on one or both sides • Trauma-induced seizure disorders • Loss of motor control • Death
Sacramento County Statistics • In 2009, 5 Sacramento babies were hospitalizedfor SBS or abusive head injuries. (~10 % of California cases) • 1 one year old & 1 two year old were treated and released or transferred to a different hospital • In 2010, 6 Sacramento babies were hospitalized for SBS or abusive head injuries. (~9% of California cases) • On average, 1-2 cases per year of SBS fatalities are not counted in hospital data because the infant died at the scene.
Prevention Works SBS is preventable WITH EDUCATION. When parents and caregivers know . . . the injuries that shaking causes and ways to manage their frustration and stress . . . they will STOP before they SHAKE.
Sacramento County’s SBS Prevention Program • Strength-Based Approach & Universal in application involving: • 8 birthing hospitals in Sacramento who are committed to prevention • Involves local home visitation programs in Sacramento Before discharged from the hospital… • Parents are shown a brief training DVD (Portrait of Promise) that provides education on SBS and demonstrates effective ways to respond to an infant’s crying. • A hospital health educator reviews the key components of SBS and infant crying with the parents and gives them a “Babies Cry” door hanger. • Parents then sign a “commitment statement” never to shake their baby and to pass this mandate on to all other adults that will care for their baby.
What trigger’s SHAKING? #1 Caregiver could not stop a baby from crying • Frustration builds • Caregiver does NOT take care of himself or herself • Caregiver loses control • Caregiver shakes the baby
Why do babies CRY? A baby may cry because he or she . . . • Is hungry • Needs to burp or is gassy • Wants to suck (on a pacifier or a clean finger) • Needs a diaper change • Is too hot or too cold • Is getting sick/has a fever • Has diaper rash • Is teething • Is tired • Is over-stimulated
Check Basic Needs • Does the baby’s diaper need changing? • Is the baby hungry? • Is the baby being scratched or poked by something? • Does the baby want to be cuddled? • Does the baby want to be played with? Or . . . • Is the baby too hot? Too cold? • Is the baby overtired? • Is the baby teething? • Is the baby bored? If not, then . . .
Ways to sooth a crying baby • Please check the baby’s diaper • See if the baby is hungry or needs to be burped • Make sure the baby doesn’t have a fever (if there is a fever, contact a doctor) • Swaddle the baby in a soft blanket and cuddle the baby • Take the baby for a ride in a stroller or car • Place the baby in a bouncy chair or gentle infant swing • Play soft music, sing or hum quietly • Give the baby a soothing bath
Have a Safety Plan • What is the Safety Plan or Safety net? • Is there a plan to put the baby somewhere safe when the family member or caregiver becomes frustrated?
Coping Skills Ensure the parents you are working with are constantly practicing & engaging in… • Stress Management • Anger Management • Positive Discipline • Ages and Stages of Children • Nurturing and Empathy • Overall Parenting Skills
Healthy Responses • Put the baby on its back in a crib or room safely and leave the room • Take a 10 minute break to calm down • Contact a family member or friend to vent/talk • Listen to soothing music • Exercise (dance, sit ups, push ups, jumping jacks, yoga, and deep breathing -your baby might like to watch!) • Remind yourself THE CRYING WILL END • If you need help, call the Parent Support Line at: 1-888-281-3000 (24 hours a day/7 days a week) or call 911
REMEMBER: No baby has died from crying too much. If someone calls you frustrated with a crying baby, offer your help. Provide an open ear & a resource. NEVER SHAKE a BABY! If you need help, call the Parent Support Line 1-888-281-3000 or 911 Sacramento County Information & Referral Line: (916) 244-1906
Thank You for Participating Please complete a: Learning Assessment