Mountains in our beautiful country - Bulgaria - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mountains in our beautiful country - Bulgaria
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Mountains in our beautiful country - Bulgaria

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  1. Animal Protection in Europe Mountains in our beautiful country -Bulgaria Vocational High School of Veterinary Medicine, Dobrich, Bulgaria

  2. Vitisha Rila Stara Planina Pirin Rhodope • There are37 mountains on the territory of Bulgaria, 36 of them situated in the southern part of the country and the mountain range of Stara Planiana is the border between Northern and Southern Bulgaria. Nearly one-third of the territory is covered with mountains.

  3. Bulgarian mountains harbour spectacular peaks and glacial lakes, forested valleys and stream-side meadows, marvelous gorges and caves, century-old pine, oak, and beech woodlands. • Bulgaria's mountains are also home to incredibly rich wildlife, flora and fauna protected in 3 national and 11 nature parks, and numerous reserves. Top 5 Bulgarian mountains 1. Rila 2. Pirin Pirin Rila 3. Rhodope 4. Stara Planina 5. Vitosha Phodope Stara Planina

  4. Rila Mountain • Rila is the sixth highest mountain in Europe and the highest mountain on the Balkan Peninsula (Mt. Moussala 2925 m); • The 7 Rila lakes; • Famous ski resort (Borovets) Moussala peak 2925 m Rila lakes

  5. wild boar alpine ibex Balkan chamois grey wolf hedgehog shrew pine martin least weasel Five species of fish, 20 species of amphibians and reptiles, 48 species of mammals, and 99 species of birds represent the vertebrate fauna. Twenty-four of these vertebrate species are listed in the World Red Data Book as nearly extinct. red fox

  6. Rila Mountain There are 48 mammal species in Rila List of mammals: • Insectivores: Eastern European hedgehog Shrew • Bats: • Lagomorphs: European rabbit • Rodents: Wild mice, Water vole • Even-toed ungulates: Wild boar,Roe deer, Alpine ibex, Wild goat • Carnivores Grey wolf Red fox Marten European pine marten Eurasian badger Least weasel European otter Brown bear Wild cat

  7. Rila mountain has some of the healthiest and most viable populations of predatory birds in Europe. It’s also a home to a group of birds characteristic of the high mountain zone: wall creeper, alpine chough, and alpine accentor, globally representing this region for the ornithofauna of the alpine biome. alpine accentor rock partridges cock of the wood hazel hens imperial eagle small eagle

  8. Pirin Mountain • Pirin is the most beautiful and Alpine-like Bulgarian mountain; • The highest peak is Vihren- 2914; • Famous ski resort (Bansko) Vihrenpeak 2914 m Pirin beaity

  9. Pirin Mountain • The number of bird species that can be seen in Pirin is particularly large-about 160, 40% of all bird species in Bulgaria. • Species of birds are spotted eagle, golden eagle, lesser spotted eagle, short-toed eagle, booted eagle, capercaillie, hazel grouse, eagle owl, black woodpecker, three-toed woodpecker, Alpine chough, saker Falco, levant sparrow hawk, wallcreeper; capercaillie hazel grouse

  10. spotted eagle golden eagle lesser spotted eagle short-toed eagle booted eagle

  11. black woodpecker Alpine chough eagle owl wallcreeper levant sparrow hawk saker Falco three-toed woodpecker

  12. Pirin Mountain • There are 45 terrestrial mammals (including 12 bat species) that inhabit the Pirin mountain which is 50% of the total number in the country. Among them are the wild goat, and the brown bear. wild goat brown bear red deer fox deer

  13. Protected Animalsin Pirin mountain Mammal species include • brown beargrey wolf • jackal pine martin • rock martin polecat • badgerotter • wild catwild boar • red deer roe deer • Balkan chamoisthe greater mouse-eared bat • longeared batGreek tortoise rock martin badger polecat otter

  14. Rhodope Mountain • Phodope is the oldest and most lyrical Bulgarian mountain; • The highest peak is Big Perelik- 2191; • Famous ski resort (Pamporovo); Big Perelik peak 2914 m Rhodope- the mountain of Orpheus

  15. The flora and fauna of the Rhodopes Mountain include more 2030 plants and more 1500 animals. Brown bear, wolf and wild cat all survive here in significant numbers, as do more species of bat than anywhere else in Europe. There are also many interesting birds, particularly raptors. Indeed the Rhodope (Rodopi) Mountains are the most important place in Europe for birds of prey with 36 species having been recorded here. In particular, the Rhodope (Rodopi) Mountains are renowned by birdwatchers from around the world for elusive species such as wallcreeper, griffon vulture, black vulture,Egyptian vultureand masked shrike. Rhodope Mountain

  16. The Stara Planina Mountain • Stara Planina divided Bulgaria in two parts- north and south; • It’s the longest and the biggest in area, known as the Balkan Mountains, too; • The highest peak is Botev- 2376;

  17. Wolf Wild boar Red deer Golden eagle Bear

  18. Vitosha Mountain • Vitosha mountain is next to our capital Sofia; • It’s the most visited mountain in Bulgaria; • The highest peak is Black Peak- 2290m.; • Ski resort (Aleko) Aleko Black peak 2290 m

  19. Ten species of amphibians (3 tailed species and 7 species of frogs) and 12 species of reptiles (6 species of lizards and 6 species of snakes) have been identified in the park. Among the most endangered ones are the viper, the mountain lizard, the salamander, the blindworm and etc. 236 species of birds are known in Vitosha, 120 of them nest there. Recently, on the territory of the park can be seen some rare or endangered species: goshawk, black stork, eagle owl, golden eagle, etc. The bat fauna is most diversified in the Bosneshki karst region. Ten out of the 13 known species in Vitosha can be found there. There are 9 bears at the moment. In Vitosha can be seen all predatory and wild hoofed animals characteristic for the Bulgarian mountains: wolves, foxes, martens, deer, does, etc. The lynx and the wild goat disappeared from the mountain fauna in the beginning of the last century. Vitosha Mountain goshawk viper black stork

  20. Thank you for your attention !!!

  21. ‘This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.’