IROQUOIS INDIANS. Teaching American History. Inez Cutler. H0W DID NATIVE AMERICANS COME TO THE FOREST? . WHAT DO YOU KNOW? WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW? WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED? Click On the media clip to preview this video. Iroquois Population. Iroquois Indians- LOCATION.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
IROQUOIS INDIANS Teaching American History Inez Cutler
H0W DID NATIVE AMERICANS COME TO THE FOREST? • WHAT DO YOU KNOW? • WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW? • WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED? • Click On the media clip to preview this video.
Iroquois Indians- LOCATION • Archeological evidence indicates the Iroquois lived in upstate New York before the Europeans arrived. • The Onondaga were the first of the Iroquois tribes that can be positively identified in New York. • This seem to have begun after the merger of two villages sometime between 1450 and 1475.
Who are the Iroquois? • The Iroquois people were named by their enemies. They were given the name (Irinakhoiw) meaning “rattlesnakes”. Later changing to the Iroquois. • The largest make up of the Iroquois people was the Mohawks. The Mohawks totaled to more than 35,000 members.
Who are the Iroquois (cont’d) • The Iroquois women were a major part of the Indian culture. The Iroquois tribes were divided into three clans, the bear, turtle, and the wolf. These tribes were all headed by a clan mother.
Iroquois – CULTURE • The Iroquois people custom was to follow the woman heritage line to determine kinship. • This is where family social structure is determined by the mothers’ family line. Women also owned all property.
Iroquois – CULTURE (cont’d) • Agriculture provided most of their diet: corn, beans, squash, and fish. They worshiped and celebrated the importance of the agriculture in their culture by their six annual festivals to celebrate their harvest.
Shelter • When the Iroquois people married, the husband moved into the long house with the wife, and the children became part of her clan.
The Longhouse • IT IS A LONG WOODEN BUILDING IN WHICH SEVERAL IROQUOIS FAMILIES LIVE TOGETHER. • IT WAS MADE OF ELM BARK AND HAD A LARGE DOOR AT EACH END.
Inside the Longhouse • The longhouse could be over 200’ in length. It could house many people. • Inside the longhouse the Ir0quois kept all of the necessities for their clan. • These villages were very stable, unless interrupted and moved for defense purposes.
LEGENDS AND STORIES • THE IROQUOIS OFTEN USED LEGENDS OR STORIES HANDED DOWN OVER TIME, TO EXPLAIN THE PAST. IROQUOISMYTHS and LEGENDS http://www.webwinds.com/yupanqui/iroquoisdreams3.htm
Dekanawida’s Legend “PEACE AND UNITY” • THE IROQUOIS MUST COME TOGETHER BY TAKING HOLD OF EACH OTHER’S HANDS SO FIRMLY AND FORMING A CIRCLE SO STRONG THAT IF A TREE SHOULD FALL UPON IT, IT COULD NOT SHAKE NOT BREAK IT, SO THAT OUR PEOPLE AND GRANDCHILDREN SHALL REMAIN IN THE CIRCLE IN SECURITY, PEACE, AND HAPPINESS.
Iroquois League • MEN FROM EACH OF THE FIVE TRIBES SERVED ON THE GREAT COUNCIL. • THE OLDEST WOMEN OF EACH TRIBE CHOSE THE COUNCIL MEMBERS. • EACH MEMBER HAD ONE VOTE. • ALL HAD TO AGREE BEFORE ANYTHING WAS DONE.
IN 1570 THE MEMBERS OF THE IROQUOIS FORMED A CONFEDERATION OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS. EACH TRIBE GOVERNED ITSELF. MATTERS THAT WERE IMPORTANT TO ALL, SUCH AS WAR AND TRADE WERE DECIDE BY A GREAT COUNCIL. The Five Nations
The Iroquois Flag and the Hiawatha Wampum Belt • The Hiawatha wampum belt is comprised of thirty eight rows. • A heart as a great tree is located in the center. • On both sides of the tree there are two squares, all are connected with the heart by white rows of wampum. • The belt is the emblem of unity among the Five Nations.
United We Stand Divided We FALL • The most important part of the Iroquois people was their ability to be united. • This is how the Iroquois won many battles against other tribes as well as outside forces.
LAW of the LAND • The Iroquois were only required to maintain peace with one another. • The primary law of the land was called the Kainerekowa- which eloquently stated…. Iroquois “SHOULD NOT KILL ONE ANOTHER!”
Working • The Iroquois people were no strangers to hard work. • They were hired to help during the construction of the Dominion Bridge in Montreal, and they showed no fear of heights. • They have continued to being part of the construction of almost every major bridge or skyscraper.
References • http://www.totatsga.org/iro.html • Harcourt Brace (2000). Early united states. • http://www.watertown.k12.ma.us/americanhistorycentral/02indiansofnorthamerica/The_Iroquois.html#TXTANC20018126639310 • http://www.sixnations.org/ • http://romlx6.rom.on.ca/digs/longhouse/ • http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/constructionone.html