US HOU: Work in Progress. • Approximately 1000 teachers trained, but waiting for new support to train more. We have everything in place to train such teachers … • Waiting for US NSF to Revive - hopefully can reach 2000 Teachers of High Schools (age 14 - 19 year old students)
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• Approximately 1000 teachers trained, but waiting for new support to train more. We have everything in place to train such teachers …
• Waiting for US NSF to Revive - hopefully can reach 2000 Teachers of High Schools (age 14 - 19 year old students)
• Try to find sources of funding -- Examples, WISE and KEPLER missions -- train 115 teachers over next three years for Asteroids and Wise. Next Talk Courtesey of Bryan Menendez
• Other Grants in Progress
• NSF DR K-12 Evaluation -- what specifically do HOU kids learn by doing HOU?
• Frontiers of Discovery -- after school use of PanSTARRS and other telescope networks
• ITEST -- after school use of telescope networks and data bases with Girl Scouts -- more SQL, real projects, etc.Thinking World Game Development with Multiple Players!!
• Rotary National/International/INTERCT Program
• Others in progress from this meeting -- E.G., Janpan - China _ US -EU Science Curricular Focal Points and Story
Low Energy Waves
High Energy Waves
Cool objects emit primarily long wavelength light
Hot objects emit primarily short wavelength wavesThe Physics of Light
An object can look radically different depending on the type of light collected from it:
Since shortly after Herschel discovered infrared light astronomers have been observing astronomical objects in Infrared Light to get a more complete picture
Visible Light Image
Mid-Infrared Light Image
Visible Light - Axel Mellinger
Near Infrared Light - 2MASS Survey
Mid/Far Infrared Light - IRAS Survey
Infrared penetrates intervening dust clouds, allowing us to see through or into them
Infrared telescopes need to observe from high altitude or in space
Spitzer Space Telescope
James Webb Space Telescope
WISE will map the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest stars, the origins of stellar and planetary systems, and the most luminous galaxies in the Universe.
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
Two decades ago IRAS gave us what is still our best view of the midinfrared sky.
WISE will map the entire sky with resolution comparable to the view shown here.
WISE will be launched in late 2009
It will orbit Earth cart-wheeling once per orbit to always stay pointing straight up and will always keep its solar panels to the Sun.
As Earth orbits the Sun, WISE’s orbit also rotates to maintain the spacecraft’s orientation to Earth and Sun
Each image exposure will last 11-sec and is matched to the orbit.
Each orbit, a circular strip of the sky is imaged.
As the orbit itself rotates, a slightly different strip is imaged.
In 6 months, the entire sky is imaged
There will be 8 or more exposures at each position over more than 99% of the sky.
WISE will survey the sky in two near infrared channels: 3.3 and 4.7 μm
WISE will survey the sky in two mid-infrared channels: 12 and 23 μm
WISE will detect most of the Main Belt asteroids larger than 3 km, providing reliable diameters for them.
A simulated composite WISE image demonstrates how the motion of an asteroid will be easily detected
WISE’s Education Program will allow students to search for asteroids themselves
Blue: 4.7 μm
Green: 12 μm
Red: 23 μm
WISE will find the coolest and closest stars to the Sun
Red and Brown Dwarf stars are the most common type of star.
They have lowest masses and are the coolest stars.
They emit most of their energy in infrared light and are faint.
Known Stars within 25 light-years
WISE Stars within 25 light-years
WISE will image all nearby galaxies
2MASS Surveyed Large Scale Structure out to 1.3 Billion Light-years (z ~ 0.1)
WISE will survey out to 6.7 Billion Light-years (z ~ 0.5)
WISE will find the most luminous galaxies in the Universe:Ultra-luminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGs)
ULIRGs are merging galaxies whose collisions lead to dust-enshrouded bursts of star formation.
Courtesy Alan Gould
For NASA’s Kepler mission EPO
A guy who’s thought a lot about planets
First draft by Patrick Campbell in summer 2005
Revised in fall 2005 and again at HOU conference summer 2006
Look at revised document
Examples: AB ANDCX AQR
Make light curve(s)
I. Discussion—Light Curve Interpretation
II. Eclipsing Binary Stars
III. Transiting Planets
Plotting a Light Curve
Duration of transit
Duration of ingress and duration egress
Finding the planet radius from the transit depth
V. Finding radius of orbit of the planet
VI. Is the planet in the habitable zone of the star?