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Chinese Diaspora. History Canadian Chinese The Concubine’s Children ( Double Happiness) ( Happy Together ). Chinese Diaspora: History. Traditional Chinese emigrants since 16th C Three kinds: Indentured workers, Free Artisans, Traders.

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chinese diaspora
Chinese Diaspora
  • History
  • Canadian Chinese
  • The Concubine’s Children
  • (Double Happiness)
  • (Happy Together)
chinese diaspora history
Chinese Diaspora: History
  • Traditional Chinese emigrants since 16th C
  • Three kinds: Indentured workers, Free Artisans, Traders.
  • Areas: South-East Asia, Hawaii, North America , the Caribbean, South America (Mexico, Peru)
  • 華僑、中華民族之花果飄零、華裔
chinese canadian history
Chinese-Canadian : History
  • free entry (1858-84)
    • 1880 and 1885railroad workers
  • restricted entry (1885-1923)
    • 1904 -- 500-dollar head tax
  • exclusion (1924-47)
  • selective entry, 1948 to present “liberation” of China 1949 p. 68-
  • recent Taiwanese, Hong Kongese and mainland Chinese immigrants

Chinese diaspora & flexible citizenship

traditional chinese diaspora characteristics
Traditional Chinese Diaspora: Characteristics
  • Adaptable, resilient,
  • a high level of family and clan solidarity; close-knit (monetal) relationships
  • invited by the “colonizers”
  • Sojourners -- “un-assimilable”? “quiet,” wicked (CC. p. 62)

and “a human machine”

  • e.g. “a Chinaman’s chance”
  • the yellow peril phobia
contemporary chinese diaspora characteristics
All over the world: hard to generalize and impossible to unite

discriminated against still for their hard-earned wealth

flexible citizenship

sense of dual or multiple identity

e.g. “Imperialism of Syntax”

Contemporary Chinese Diaspora: Characteristics
canadian chinese during the exclusion period historical phenomena
Canadian Chinese during the Exclusion Period: Historical Phenomena
  • China Town as aBachelor Society
  • 1921 census--sex ratio
    • Vancouver 10/1(5,790 males and 585 females)
    • Ottawa 30/1 (273 males and 9 females)
    • Halifax 60/1 (138 males and 2 females)
  • Racism v.s. Solidarity (Tang), Opium and Mah-jong (CC p. 62)
  • Ways of Asserting Masculinity
some photos
Some photos

head taxes--50 in 1886, 100 in 1900,

500 in 1903

1923- Chinese Exclusion Act

the concubine s children
The Concubine’s Children
  • setting--
  • Vancouver‘s Chinatown (mah-jonng parlour and tea house),
  • Nanaimo’s,
  • Prince George &
  • Chang Gar Bin (廣東)
the concubine s children characters
The Concubine’s Children:characters

Chan Sam

Wife no. 0 &

2 daughters

Wife no. 1

Chow Guen

May-yin

Yuen

Ping & Nan

Leonard

(adopted)

Winnie

John Chong

Denise Cheong

the concubine s children chronology present 1987
1848 -- Chan Sam leaves his family

1922 -- arrives in North America p. 61

1924 -- May-ying’s arrival

1929 -- return to China p. 63

1930 -- back to Canada, Winnie’s birth

1935 -- second return

1940 -- Chow Guen (Nan died in 1942)

1948 -- Winnie left Chinatown

1987 -- Winnie’s trip

The Concubine’s Children: Chronology (present 1987)
the concubine s children issues 1
A family brokeninto two and linked together by the daughters trip back to China.

the image of the coat p. 59

the photo of the two girls

The Concubine’s Children:Issues (1)
the concubine s children issues 2 family relationships
The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships
  • The Influences of Institutionalized Racism on Family Relationships
  • A. Gender -- Chan-Sam and May-Yin

The Canton House (廣東酒家)

in Nanaimo's Chinatown

years after

May-ying worked there

the concubine s children issues 2 family relationships1
their marriage: a hunting knife under his side of the mattress (63)

May-ying as a waitress (63)

May-ying as a Concubine (63)

Wife No. 1 -- p. 64: dutiful and submissive

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships
the concubine s children issues 2 family relationships2
The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships
  • B. Parenting
  • Chan-Sam the house 65; p. 71
the concubine s children issues 2 family relationships3
B. Parenting

Chan-Sam

--being fatherly from afar (69; 71)

-- does not belong in Nanaimo, missing home 58-59

--sacrifice the famly in Canada for the sake of the family in China

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships
the concubine s children issues 2
May-ying --scary; strong woman "cutting and curling her hair to look older to conform to the illegally purchased birth certificate”(62); (p. 63)The Concubine’s Children:Issues (2)
may ying
Dressing Winnie as a boy

p. 55

May-ying

Leave her husband 63; 65; 66

may ying1
claimed back the rites of love (67)

gamble her love on Chow Guen, get a son Leonard

about the death of Nan 68

Her later years (73-74)

May-ying
the concubine s children issues 3
The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3)
  • Family -- and a daughter’s sense of identity
  • May-ying’s influence on Winnie
    • the family photo (p. 60)
    • Winnie neglected; Strictly disciplined 66-67 like a checked baggage, 68; dressed as a son 65
    • Winnie’s bruises, shame p. 67
the concubine s children issues 3 family and a daughter s sense of identity
Winnie's rebellion

diligent work at school;

decides to quit school and get married p. 69;

the grandfather’s money to buy a house 69

the father and then the mother live with them a while

final brokeup 70; 75

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3)Family -- and a daughter’s sense of identity
the concubine s children issues 3 many kinds of family
The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3)Many kinds of family

May-ying & newborn Ping.

  • Paper daughter 69
  • Ping 77 --"I don't deserve this; I was not born here."
  • Winnie: no more shame (p. 61) immigration--liberation 77