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Chapter 10. Global Stratification. Chapter Outline. Global Stratification Theories of Global Stratification Consequences of Global Stratification World Poverty The Future of Global Stratification. Global Stratification.

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chapter 10

Chapter 10

Global Stratification

chapter outline
Chapter Outline
  • Global Stratification
  • Theories of Global Stratification
  • Consequences of Global Stratification
  • World Poverty
  • The Future of Global Stratification
global stratification
Global Stratification
  • Measures of well-being reveal consequences of a global system of inequality:
    • life expectancy
    • infant mortality
    • access to health services
polling question
Polling Question
  • Terrorism is more likely to take place in the wealthy nations.

A.) Strongly agree

B.) Agree somewhat

C.) Unsure

D.) Disagree somewhat

E.) Strongly disagree

per capita gross national income
Per Capita Gross National Income
  • Measures the total output of goods and services produced by residents of a country each year plus the income from nonresident sources, divided by the size of the population.
  • This does not truly reflect what individuals or families receive in wages or pay; it is simply each person’s annual share of their country’s income were the proceeds shared equally.
the core and periphery
The Core and Periphery
  • The countries of the world can be divided into three levels:
    • Core countries
    • Semi-peripheral countries
    • Peripheral countries
modernization theory
Modernization Theory
  • To develop, countries must embrace new technologies and market driven values.
  • Poverty results from adherence to traditional values and customs that prevent competition in a modern global economy.
dependency theory
Dependency Theory
  • Exploits the least powerful nations to the benefit of wealthier nations.
  • Poverty of low-income countries is a direct result of their political and economic dependence on the wealthy countries.
world systems theory
World Systems Theory
  • Economic development is explained by understanding each country’s place and role in the world economic system.
  • Poverty is the result of core nations extracting labor and natural resources from peripheral nations.
consequences of global stratification population
Consequences of Global Stratification: Population
  • 60% of people live in countries with an average income of less than $760/year.
  • The richest countries have only 15% of the world’s population.
  • As countries develop, fertility levels decrease and population growth levels off.
consequences of global stratification health
Consequences of Global Stratification: Health

High income countries have:

  • Lower childhood death rates.
  • Higher life expectancies.
  • Fewer children born underweight.
  • Clean water and adequate sanitation.
consequences of global stratification education
Consequences of Global Stratification: Education
  • In the richest nations, education and literacy are almost universal.
  • 18% of the world’s nations have literacy rates below 50%.
  • 6% report a school enrollment rate below 50%.
consequences of global stratification gender
Consequences of Global Stratification: Gender
  • Around the world, women feel poverty more than men do.
  • Women in wealthier countries have better health and education than women in poorer countries.
polling question22
Polling Question
  • Women do most of the day- to-day work in developing countries.

A.) Strongly agree

B.) Agree somewhat

C.) Unsure

D.) Disagree somewhat

E.) Strongly disagree

human poverty index
Human Poverty Index
  • Meant to indicate the degree of deprivation in 4 basic dimensions of human life:
    • A long and healthy life
    • Knowledge
    • Economic well-being
    • Social inclusion
human poverty index developing countries
Human Poverty Index: Developing Countries
  • In developing countries, the following indicators are used:
    • % of people not expected to live to age 40
    • adult literacy rate
    • proportion of people lacking access to health services and safe water
    • % of children under 5 who are moderately or severely underweight
human poverty index industrialized countries
Human Poverty Index: Industrialized Countries
  • In industrialized countries, the following indicators are used:
    • proportion of people not expected to live to age 60
    • the adult functional illiteracy rate
    • the incidence of income poverty
    • long-term unemployment rates
who are the world s poor
Who Are the World’s Poor?
  • 28% of the world’s population live in extreme poverty.
  • Women constitute 60% of the word’s population, perform 2/3 of all working hours, receive 1/10 of the income, and own less than 1% of the world’s wealth.
slide31
1. The measure most commonly used to determine the wealth of nations is the:

a. gross domestic product

b. human poverty index

c. gender development index

d. per capita gross national index

answer d
Answer: d
  • The measure most commonly used to determine the wealth of nations is the per capita gross national index.
slide33
2. Countries that control and profit the most from the world system are called:

a. peripheral countries

b. semiperipheral countries

c. core countries

d. second-world countries

answer c
Answer: c
  • Countries that control and profit the most from the world system are called core countries.
slide35
3. According to the modernization theory, poverty results from:

a. adherence to traditional values and customs that prevent societies from competing

b. rich nations exploiting the natural resources of poor nations with their approval

c. core nations extracting labor and natural resources from peripheral nations

d. the dependence of low-income countries on wealthy nations

answer a
Answer: a
  • According to the modernization theory, poverty results from adherence to traditional values and customs that prevent societies from competing.
slide37
4. A measure of poverty, meant to indicate the degree of deprivation in basic dimensions of human life is called:

a. per capita gross national product

b. gross domestic product

c. gender development index

d. human poverty index

answer d38
Answer: d
  • A measure of poverty, meant to indicate the degree of deprivation in basic dimensions of human life is called human poverty index.
slide39
5. The systematic inequalities between and among different nations are referred to as _________________ .
answer global stratification
Answer: Global stratification
  • The systematic inequalities between and among different nations are referred to as global stratification.
slide41
6. _________________ argues that the level of economic development is explained by understanding each country's place and role in the world economic system.
answer world systems theory
Answer: World Systems Theory
  • World Systems Theory argues that the level of economic development is explained by understanding each country's place and role in the world economic system.