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Antarctic Journal: Four Months at the Bottom of the World

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  1. Antarctic Journal:Four Months at the Bottom of the World Written by Jennifer Owings Dewey Compiled by: Terry Sams PES Melissa GuinnPES

  2. Study Skills • Genre:Journal • Comprehension Skill:Main Idea • Comprehension Strategy:Text Structure • Comprehension Review Skill:Draw Conclusions • Vocabulary: Word Structure

  3. Summary Jennifer Owings Dewey is given a wonderful opportunity—the chance to see Antarctica herself. During her four-month trip, Jennifer witnesses the life cycle of penguins, watches orca whales swim by her boat, experiences life without night, and narrowly escapes a deadly fall into a glacier crevasse.

  4. Genre: Journal • A journal is a record of thoughts and events that are important to the writer. Think about what is important to Jennifer Owings Dewey as you read entries from the journal she kept in Antarctica.

  5. Comprehension Skill Main Idea TE 607b • A topicis what a piece of writing is about. • Themain ideais the most important idea about the topic. Think about theoverallidea of a paragraph, section, or article. • Themain ideaisoftenthefirstsentence of a passage or paragraph. • Supporting detailsgive small pieces of information about the main idea.

  6. Comprehension Strategy Text Structure TE 582 • Good readers usetext structure, or the way text isorganized, to help them understand why they read. • For example, a non fiction article maycompare and contrasttwo things, put events insequence, or be aseries of clear main ideas. • When youpreview, look for text feature such astitles,heads, andunderlinedwords to help you know what to expect.

  7. Comprehension Skill Review Draw Conclusions TE 591 • A conclusion is a decision you reach after thinking about what you have read. • Good conclusions can be supported with facts and details from the story. Think about how the author feels about whales and how you know her feelings.

  8. 1. Main Idea Scientist know much about the distant continent of Antarctica. 2. Detail They have explored the continent and walked upon its ice. 3. Detail They have discovered mountain ranges. 4. Detail They have mapped out the mountains. Detail They have used special equipment to study hidden features of Antarctica under the ice. Main Idea and DetailsPB 223

  9. Steps in a Process TE 607b Telling the steps in a process means telling theorderthe steps needed to complete an action. Identifying the steps in a process helps you understand exactly what you need to do to complete a task. Look forclue wordssuch asfirst,next,then, andlastto help you identify and order steps in a process.

  10. Research/Study Skills SQP3R TE 581l • SPQ3R stands for Survey, Question, Predict, Read, Recite, and Review. • Survey: Look at the text to get an idea of what is in it. Look at the title, author, headings, illustrations, maps, and any questions or word lists. • Question: Ask yourself questions as you survey, such as, What does the title mean? What is the author’s purpose?

  11. Research/Study Skills SQP3R TE 581l • Predict: Say what you think the text will be about. • Read: As you read, look for answers to your questions. Confirm your predictions.

  12. Research/Study Skills SQP3R TE 581l • Recite: After reading, summarize what you learned. • Review: Look back at the text. Did you find answers to your questions? Did your prediction match the actual content of the text? What did you learn from the text? What are the main ideas?

  13. SQP3R PB 239-240 1. After surveying the title and illustration, did you think the information would be fiction or nonfiction? Nonfiction because it was about a scientific topic. 2. What are two questions you had before reading? What are glaciers? How do glaciers move? 3. Before reading, what did you predict the text would be about? I predicted that it would be about glaciers. 4. How far do some glaciers move in a day? They move hundreds of feet. 5. What is the middle layer in a glacier made up of? This layer is made of snow and ice.

  14. SQP3R PB 239-240 6. What makes the unique features of the land? They are made by the movements of glaciers. 7. Why is walking on a glacier dangerous? You might not see crevasses that are covered with snow. 8. What did you learn from this text that you did not know before? I learned that glaciers have three different layers.

  15. SQP3R PB 239-240 9. How does making predictions before you read help you? It lets you predict the author’s purpose, then set your reading pace. 10. How does reviewing your questions and information help you? It helps me to make sure I found answers to my questions, and to remember the information from the article.

  16. Fun Stuff and Practice • Other books by this author • ANTARCTICA:the Frozen Continent at the South Pole • Discover Antarctica – National Geographic • So you want to be a Polar Explorer!

  17. Weekly Fluency Check Emotion TE 607a • Reading with emotion keeps listenersinterest in a story and help them understand characters better. • Good readers adjust their tone of voice, volume, pitch, and tempo to convey emotions expressed in the story, such as sadness, joy, pride, determination, surprise, and love. • Read p. 582m to model for students.

  18. Question of the WeekTE 314m • What does a person sacrifice to explore the unknown?

  19. Day 2 - Question of the Day • What are some reasons to travel to Antarctica?

  20. Day 3 – Question of the Day • What are some of the dangers and the excitements of exploring Antarctica?

  21. Day 4 – Question of the Day • What sacrifices did Lynne Cox make to prepare for her swim to Antarctica?

  22. Review Questions • How is the author different from the woman on the airplane? • What is the main idea of the November 17th entry? • What would happen to the whales if the ships did not stop for them? • Why did the author want to go to Antarctica? • What is a generalization about the environment in Antarctica?

  23. Review Questions • 6. What information can you gather from the pictures on page 592? • 7. Why does the author tell you about the moss in Antarctica? • What term did the author use to describe the lack of sleep caused by it never being dark in Antarctica? • Why did the author survive falling through the crack on her hike?

  24. Review Questions 10. What fact from the journal entries supports that icebergs are dangerous? 11. Why did the author choose a egg that would never hatch to take home? 12. What did the author likely use to protect the egg on her journey home?

  25. Vocabulary - Say It • anticipation • continent • convergence • depart • forbidding • heaves • icebergs

  26. More Words to Know • abundance • exposure • splendor • supply • survived • wily

  27. anticipation • act of anticipating; looking forward to; expectation

  28. continent • one of the seven great masses of land on Earth. • Can you name the 7 continents?

  29. convergence • act or process of meeting at a point; joining

  30. depart • to go away; leave

  31. forbidding • causing fear or dislike; looking dangerous or unpleasant; threatening

  32. heaves • rises; rises and falls alternatively; hoist

  33. icebergs • large masses of ice detached from glaciers and floating in the sea. About 90 percent of an iceberg’s mass is below the surface of the water.

  34. abundance • quantity that is much more than enough

  35. exposure • condition of being without protection; condition of being uncovered

  36. supply • quantity ready for use; stock

  37. splendor • magnificent show; glory

  38. survived • continued to exist; remained alive

  39. wily • using subtle tricks to deceive; crafty; cunning; sly

  40. Antarctica is the windiest, coldest, most forbidding region on Earth, and I am heading straight for it.

  41. Antarctica is the windiest, coldest, most forbidding region on Earth, and I am heading straight for it.

  42. I depart from home in the morning to go to school.

  43. I depart from home in the morning to go to school.

  44. The airplane heaves off the ground with a shuddering roar.

  45. The airplane heaves off the ground with a shuddering roar.

  46. Antarctica has the coldest climate of all the other continents.

  47. Antarctica has the coldest climate of all the other continents.

  48. I shiver with anticipation when we leave the calm waters and enter Drake Passage.

  49. I shiver with anticipation when we leave the calm waters and enter Drake Passage.

  50. Joe became a clever and wily hunter.