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Antarctic Journal: Four Months at the Bottom of the World. Written by Jennifer Owings Dewey. Compiled by: Terry Sams PES Melissa Guinn PES. Study Skills. Genre: Journal Comprehension Skill: Main Idea Comprehension Strategy: Text Structure Comprehension Review Skill: Draw Conclusions

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antarctic journal four months at the bottom of the world

Antarctic Journal:Four Months at the Bottom of the World

Written by Jennifer Owings Dewey

Compiled by:

Terry Sams PES

Melissa GuinnPES

study skills
Study Skills
  • Genre:Journal
  • Comprehension Skill:Main Idea
  • Comprehension Strategy:Text Structure
  • Comprehension Review Skill:Draw Conclusions
  • Vocabulary: Word Structure

Jennifer Owings Dewey is given a wonderful opportunity—the chance to see Antarctica herself. During her four-month trip, Jennifer witnesses the life cycle of penguins, watches orca whales swim by her boat, experiences life without night, and narrowly escapes a deadly fall into a glacier crevasse.

genre journal
Genre: Journal
  • A journal is a record of thoughts and events that are important to the writer. Think about what is important to Jennifer Owings Dewey as you read entries from the journal she kept in Antarctica.
comprehension skill main idea te 607b
Comprehension Skill Main Idea TE 607b
  • A topicis what a piece of writing is about.
  • Themain ideais the most important idea about the topic. Think about theoverallidea of a paragraph, section, or article.
  • Themain ideaisoftenthefirstsentence of a passage or paragraph.
  • Supporting detailsgive small pieces of information about the main idea.
comprehension strategy text structure te 582
Comprehension Strategy Text Structure TE 582
  • Good readers usetext structure, or the way text isorganized, to help them understand why they read.
  • For example, a non fiction article maycompare and contrasttwo things, put events insequence, or be aseries of clear main ideas.
  • When youpreview, look for text feature such astitles,heads, andunderlinedwords to help you know what to expect.
comprehension skill review draw conclusions te 591
Comprehension Skill Review Draw Conclusions TE 591
  • A conclusion is a decision you reach after thinking about what you have read.
  • Good conclusions can be supported with facts and details from the story.

Think about how the author feels about whales and how you know her feelings.

main idea and details pb 223
1. Main Idea

Scientist know much about the distant continent of Antarctica.

2. Detail

They have explored the continent and walked upon its ice.

3. Detail

They have discovered mountain ranges.

4. Detail

They have mapped out the mountains.


They have used special equipment to study hidden features of Antarctica under the ice.

Main Idea and DetailsPB 223
steps in a process te 607b

Steps in a Process TE 607b

Telling the steps in a process means telling theorderthe steps needed to complete an action.

Identifying the steps in a process helps you understand exactly what you need to do to complete a task.

Look forclue wordssuch asfirst,next,then, andlastto help you identify and order steps in a process.

research study skills sqp3r te 581l
Research/Study Skills SQP3R TE 581l
  • SPQ3R stands for Survey, Question, Predict, Read, Recite, and Review.
  • Survey: Look at the text to get an idea of what is in it. Look at the title, author, headings, illustrations, maps, and any questions or word lists.
  • Question: Ask yourself questions as you survey, such as, What does the title mean? What is the author’s purpose?
research study skills sqp3r te 581l11
Research/Study Skills SQP3R TE 581l
  • Predict: Say what you think the text will be about.
  • Read: As you read, look for answers to your questions. Confirm your predictions.
research study skills sqp3r te 581l12
Research/Study Skills SQP3R TE 581l
  • Recite: After reading, summarize what you learned.
  • Review: Look back at the text. Did you find answers to your questions? Did your prediction match the actual content of the text? What did you learn from the text? What are the main ideas?
sqp3r pb 239 240

SQP3R PB 239-240

1. After surveying the title and illustration, did you think the information would be fiction or nonfiction?

Nonfiction because it was about a scientific topic.

2. What are two questions you had before reading?

What are glaciers? How do glaciers move?

3. Before reading, what did you predict the text would be about?

I predicted that it would be about glaciers.

4. How far do some glaciers move in a day?

They move hundreds of feet.

5. What is the middle layer in a glacier made up of?

This layer is made of snow and ice.

sqp3r pb 239 24014

SQP3R PB 239-240

6. What makes the unique features of the land?

They are made by the movements of glaciers.

7. Why is walking on a glacier dangerous?

You might not see crevasses that are covered with snow.

8. What did you learn from this text that you did not know before?

I learned that glaciers have three different layers.

sqp3r pb 239 24015

SQP3R PB 239-240

9. How does making predictions before you read help you?

It lets you predict the author’s purpose, then set your reading pace.

10. How does reviewing your questions and information help you?

It helps me to make sure I found answers to my questions, and to remember the information from the article.

fun stuff and practice
Fun Stuff and Practice
  • Other books by this author
  • ANTARCTICA:the Frozen Continent at the South Pole
  • Discover Antarctica – National Geographic
  • So you want to be a Polar Explorer!
weekly fluency check emotion te 607a
Weekly Fluency Check Emotion TE 607a
  • Reading with emotion keeps listenersinterest in a story and help them understand characters better.
  • Good readers adjust their tone of voice, volume, pitch, and tempo to convey emotions expressed in the story, such as sadness, joy, pride, determination, surprise, and love.
  • Read p. 582m to model for students.
question of the week te 314m
Question of the WeekTE 314m
  • What does a person sacrifice to explore the unknown?
day 2 question of the day
Day 2 - Question of the Day
  • What are some reasons to travel to Antarctica?
day 3 question of the day
Day 3 – Question of the Day
  • What are some of the dangers and the excitements of exploring Antarctica?
day 4 question of the day
Day 4 – Question of the Day
  • What sacrifices did Lynne Cox make to prepare for her swim to Antarctica?
review questions
Review Questions
  • How is the author different from the woman on the airplane?
  • What is the main idea of the November 17th entry?
  • What would happen to the whales if the ships did not stop for them?
  • Why did the author want to go to Antarctica?
  • What is a generalization about the environment in Antarctica?
review questions23
Review Questions
  • 6. What information can you gather from the pictures on page 592?
  • 7. Why does the author tell you about the moss in Antarctica?
  • What term did the author use to describe the lack of sleep caused by it never being dark in Antarctica?
  • Why did the author survive falling through the crack on her hike?
review questions24
Review Questions

10. What fact from the journal entries supports that icebergs are dangerous?

11. Why did the author choose a egg that would never hatch to take home?

12. What did the author likely use to protect the egg on her journey home?

vocabulary say it
Vocabulary - Say It
  • anticipation
  • continent
  • convergence
  • depart
  • forbidding
  • heaves
  • icebergs
more words to know
More Words to Know
  • abundance
  • exposure
  • splendor
  • supply
  • survived
  • wily
  • act of anticipating; looking forward to; expectation
  • one of the seven great masses of land on Earth.
  • Can you name the 7 continents?
  • act or process of meeting at a point; joining
  • to go away; leave
  • causing fear or dislike; looking dangerous or unpleasant; threatening
  • rises; rises and falls alternatively; hoist
  • large masses of ice detached from glaciers and floating in the sea. About 90 percent of an iceberg’s mass is below the surface of the water.
  • quantity that is much more than enough
  • condition of being without protection; condition of being uncovered
  • quantity ready for use; stock
  • magnificent show; glory
  • continued to exist; remained alive
  • using subtle tricks to deceive; crafty; cunning; sly

Antarctica is the windiest, coldest, most forbidding region on Earth, and I am heading straight for it.


Antarctica is the windiest, coldest, most forbidding region on Earth, and I am heading straight for it.

writing assignment letter of acceptance te 607h
Writing Assignment Letter of Acceptance TE 607h
  • Good writers keep in mind their audience.
  • The audience can be a friend, class, teacher, or a large group of people you don’t know.
  • You use different language when you write to different audiences.
  • You would use more formal language when you write a letter of acceptance.

(continued on next slide)

writing assignment letter of acceptance te 607h63
Writing Assignment Letter of Acceptance TE 607h
  • A letter of acceptance is a response to an opportunity.
  • A letter of acceptance should be brief, respectful, and written in formal English.

Writing Prompt

Imagine that you lived long ago and have been asked to accompany a famous traveler or explorer on a journey. Write a letter accepting the offer.

academic vocabulary terms
Academic Vocabulary Terms
  • genre
  • audience
  • author’s purpose
  • myth
  • fable
academic vocabulary terms reading
Academic Vocabulary Terms – Reading
  • genre – a particular type or category of literary, musical, or artistic composition
  • audience – group that listens or watches
academic vocabulary terms66
Academic Vocabulary Terms
  • author’s purpose-the reason for writing; may be more than one reason; reasons include to inform, to entertain, express feelings, and to persuade
academic vocabulary terms67
Academic Vocabulary Terms
  • myth – is a story often describing the adventures of super human beings that attempts to describe the origin of a people’s customs or beliefs or to explain mysterious events
  • fable – a short fictitious story especially one intended to teach a lesson and in which animals speak and act like human beings
spelling words latin roots
Spelling WordsLatin Roots
  • dictionary
  • abrupt
  • predict
  • import
  • locally
  • verdict
  • locate
  • portable
  • transport
  • bankrupt
spelling words latin roots69
Spelling WordsLatin Roots
  • dictate
  • location
  • erupt
  • passport
  • export
  • contradict
  • rupture
  • interrupt
  • disrupt
  • dislocate
  • vindictive
  • portfolio
  • jurisdiction
  • corruption
  • interruption

This Week’s Word Wall Words

Click and type your own words for this week:


Let’s review our Spelling words. Watch carefully because they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.