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What is Literary Analysis?. What is Literary Analysis?. It is analysis. It is about literature. It is an exploration of a piece of literature for a specific purpose. Sometimes it involves REASERCH of secondary sources. What do I do?.

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what is literary analysis2
What is Literary Analysis?
  • It is analysis.
  • It is about literature.
  • It is an exploration of a piece of literature for a specific purpose.
  • Sometimes it involves REASERCH of secondary sources.
what do i do
What do I do?
  • Read a particular piece of literature, like a short story, novella, novel, poem, or play.
  • Look at one or more specified literary devices – elements of literature
    • Plot
    • Character
    • Theme
    • Symbolism
    • Conflict
you may also consider
You may also consider…
  • Figurative language
  • Irony
  • Setting
  • Historical connections
  • Societal connections
  • Point of view
  • Personal connections
  • others
what if i need help
What if I need help?
  • There are variety of handbooks written to help with literary analysis.
  • The internet can be a good source for viewing the literary analysis of others and for guides to literary analysis
  • And of course, you can always ask a teacher or librarian.
what is an analysis
What is an Analysis?
  • An analysis of a literary work may discuss
    • Some element of a single piece of literature, such as: THEME, Characterization, Setting, point of view
    • Two different pieces of literature, comparing and contrasting, or looking at some particular element (as above)
    • The literary piece’s connection or comparison to some aspect of your world – social, political, economical, etc.
how do i define my purpose
How do I define my PURPOSE?
  • Your purpose may be chosen for you (like discuss one THEME of a piece, or compare the story’s protagonist to someone in history, etc.)
  • You will identify this Purpose in your introductory paragraph in the THESIS Statement.
  • AND then you will support or defend your purpose in your body paragraphs.
which is the best thesis purpose statement
Which is the best Thesis (purpose) Statement?
  • One theme of The Old Man and the Sea is personal struggle.
  • The Old Man and the Sea is about an old man and a fish.
  • In The Old Man and the Sea, the theme of personal struggle is demonstrated through the character of Santiago and his unyielding desire to bring the marlin home.
how do i support my thesis statement
How do I support my thesis statement?
  • Examples from the text:
    • Direct quotations (word for word statements from the text)
    • Summaries of scenes (brief summaries of specific scenes)
    • Paraphrase (putting what the author says into your own words – effective with longer passages)
in some cases secondary sources are required and include
In some cases Secondary Sources are required and include:
  • Other critics’ opinions
  • Historical and social context
  • As you research Secondary Sources, it is important to read carefully and highlight useful passages and quotes.
  • NOTE: A writing assignment will specify the need for secondary sources.
what is a secondary source
What is a secondary source?
  • A book or article that discusses the specific text or texts you are exploring
  • A book are article which discusses the element or purpose you are exploring
  • A book or article that discusses the social and historical context of the text you are exploring
how and where do i find secondary sources
How and where do I find secondary sources?
  • Your local or school library
    • Reference books of Literary Criticisms
    • Data bases of Literary Criticisms
    • Literary periodicals
  • Online search engines
  • A bibliography that is part of your text
  • Ask a teacher or librarian
incorporating quotes into your paper
Incorporating QUOTES into your paper.
  • When you use primary or secondary sources, be sure to explain how they relate to your thesis
  • Don’t simply “stick” a quote into your essay –incorporate it with your own words.
  • Remember that this is your paper, your analysis—the primary and or secondary sources are just helping you support your thesis.
  • Never, never, never plagiarize – take the words or ideas of another and use them as your own.
  • You MUST credit your sources.
internal documentation primary source
Internal Documentation: Primary Source
  • Whether you use direct (word for word quotes) or indirect quotes (paraphrasing), you must give credit to the SOURCE.
    • “Santiago struggled for hours, the sun burning his scalp and parching his lips” (Hemingway 89). Direct quote primary source.
    • The old man fought day after day, his lips parched and his hands worn and bleeding (Hemingway 91). Indirect quote primary source.
secondary sources
Secondary Sources
  • Whether you use direct (word for word quotes) or indirect quotes (paraphrasing), you must give credit to the SOURCE.
    • In his literary article about The Old Man and the Sea, John Doe state, “Santiago is the typical tragic hero” (68). Direct quote.
    • “Santiago is the typical tragic hero,” and he is clearly destined to fail (Doe 68). Direct quote.
    • According to John Doe, Santiago is a tragic hero (68). Indirect quote.
in conclusion
In Conclusion:
  • Literary Analysis is an exploration of one or more pieces of literature for a specific purpose.
  • Includes PRIMARY Source support.
  • Can include SECONDARY Source support.

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