THE COMMON ErROrS WORKSHOP. conjunctions. NO ‘BUT’ with although. Choose one. AND, BUT, BECAUSE, SO. Don’t start sentences with these. WHAT CAN you USE INSTEAD? e.g. but: however, nonetheless, yet AND: in addition, furthermore, moreover
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Don’t start sentences with these.
WHAT CAN you USE INSTEAD? e.g.
but: however, nonetheless, yet
AND: in addition, furthermore, moreover
So: therefore, hence, as a result, subsequently
The Sun and Moon
A Man, an Orange andthe Cow
The Role of Women in Society
The semi-colon is used when 2 sentences are INTIMATELY linked.
e.g. Oil prices soared (complete sentence); all other commodity prices followed suit plunging many national economies into recession (complete sentence).
Golden rule: Both sides of the semi-colon must be complete sentences and can stand alone.
If you aren’t sure how to use it, DON’T. You can do without. Use a full-stop.
Michaela loves to draw horses she is a talented artist.
The airport is about to shut down because of the snow and if the plane doesn't land soon it will have to go on to Boston.
Marcellino always knew his way around the woods this is something he could always depend on.
These boots are made for walking. (to state the function only).
Use the infinitive ‘to buy’ in all other cases e.g. I took money with me to buy those very fashionable boots.
‘I’ before ‘e’ except after ‘c’
With the /i/ sound
Sincerly sincerely sinciearly
John is kindness(n. – should be an adj.), so many people want to chat with him.
John is so kind that many people want to chat with him.
(WH- + aux verb + subject + base verb)
Who is his sister?
(WHO + verb-to-be + subject)
‘VERB TO BE’ AND OTHER VERBS
‘PRESENT CONTINUOUS’ – this gives you 2 verbs directly next to each other which is incorrect.
e.g. of 2 verbs next to each other - incorrect
I'm heard music.
I am listen to some music now. (‘am listening’ is 1 verb although it uses 2 words)
I have go to Flekke Shop. (‘have gone’ is 1 verb)
How are you? Not so good.
The research what she is currently working on is the most important in the University.
The research she is currently working on is the most important in the University, what is remarkable.
Many students is support by their parents.
Go online and do exercises till you crack this one.
UNDERLINE full works , books, novels, anthologies, plays
Somehow Tenderness Survives
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Use ‘inverted commas’ for short stories and poems
‘A Rose for Emily’
“This shows that there are different points of view which sometimes overlap with one another and at other times differ although they both highlight the theme.” - pointless
This (what?) shows that there are different points of view(what are they?) which sometimes overlap with one another (how?) and at other times differ (when?) although they both highlight the theme(what theme?).”
DON’T STATE THE OBVIOUS. IT IS AN INSULT TO INTELLIGENCE.
“There are differences between the two works.”
Make every sentence MEANINGFUL (RICH WITH MEANING)
Avoid short or vague sentences. You can easily connect them to the previous sentence or add more detail to give them more weight.
If you are going to re-tell the story, don’t bother.
The reader of your essay can read the story himself.
Your job is to INTERPRET THE MEANING of what happened in the story.
Assume the reader hasn’t read the text.
Now what? You can’t re-tell the story but you have to assume the reader hasn’t read it. What do you do?
Go on and interpret but give sufficient detail about the character or events while you do this so that the reader can put two and two together even without reading the text.
State the argument in the topic sentence of the paragraph and use details/events from the texts as EVIDENCE. (not the other way around)
You recognise all the stylistic devices in the book! That’s great BUT can you explain how they each support theme/purpose of the text? If you can’t, don’t mention the device in the first place.
Where should you discuss them?
Immediately after you quote evidence in each paragraph. Analyse the evidence’s style.
simple present tense
Generalisations about devices that don’t tell you about the theme specifically are useless.
The more relevant question is:
So what if you get a subjective p.o.v. or if it is more objective? What’s the difference in relation to this THEME in particular? If you can’t answer that question, don’t mention the device.
You know you’re overquoting when most of the paragraph is in inverted commas than in your own words.
When should I “quote directly”?
You don’t have to quote directly if it’s more or less obvious. Paraphrase but cite line e.g.
Billy feels like he is flying (line 19) when he is able to create spontaneous comedy.
The blue phrase says what is written in the text but not ad verbatim and doesn’t need to be, since the meaning is direct.