The Architecture of Fascism. By the 1930s, the Bauhaus had become the leading innovator in German architecture, with a global influence. Aggressively modern, rejecting “bourgeois” decorative details, seeking a minimalist style. (click for more).
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By the 1930s, the Bauhaus had become the leading innovator in German architecture, with a global influence. Aggressively modern, rejecting “bourgeois” decorative details, seeking a minimalist style.(click for more)
After the Bauhaus was closed by the Nazis, architects such as Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe emigrated to the US, where they shaped decades of architecture under the American term for Bauhaus, the “International Style
Another example of the Bauhaus style in Berlin, designed by Walter Gropius,
An example of a classic Bauhaus style apartment building
The Bauhaus building was itself an example of the Bauhuas design (although today it may look disturbingly like an inner city tenement).
The Sears Tower, in Chicago, is a classic example of the International style as used for office buildings.
In contrast to the modernistic Bauhaus style, Hitler preferred more traditional styles.In residential architecture, for example, he preferred houses in the German vernacular, emphasizing such design touches as extensive exterior wood decoration.
For public, official, buildings, Hitler’s aesthetic reach back to the Greeks and Romans, who he considered (in their ancient stock) a part of the Germanic peoples.He sought monumental buildings that would last for a thousand years.
The Model for the Congress Hall, designed to hold 180,000 people, and the interior would be 17 times larger than St. Peter’s Cathedral.
The Honor Temple at the Konigsplatz
Hitler’s architect, Albert Speer, argued that the buildings should be designed to make great ruins in the future. While Hitler’s subordinates were appalled at the suggestion of mortality for the German empire, Hitler—with his conception of degeneration and regeneration—understood there was no permanence, and immediately agreed that great ruins were the way to leave a continued influence, even after the fall of the Reich.
Model of the Party Chancellery
The Zeppelin Field at Nuremberg
(The Wermacht were all the armed forces of Germany)
The Liebstandarte was the first Waffen-SS Panzer Division