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Sheryl Hale, Ed.D. shale@okcareerteh.org 405-743-5553. Linda Mason, Ed.D. lmason@osrhe.edu 405-225-9486. Northwestern Oklahoma Economic Development Federal and State Initiatives Grant Writing Workshop. Agenda. Types of Grants Locating Grants Assessing Eligibility Planning a Grant

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northwestern oklahoma economic development federal and state initiatives grant writing workshop
Sheryl Hale, Ed.D.

shale@okcareerteh.org

405-743-5553

Linda Mason, Ed.D.

lmason@osrhe.edu

405-225-9486

Northwestern Oklahoma Economic Development Federal and State InitiativesGrant Writing Workshop
agenda
Agenda
  • Types of Grants
  • Locating Grants
  • Assessing Eligibility
  • Planning a Grant
  • Writing the Grant
  • Proposal Review and Follow-up
  • Grant Management
  • Hiring and Selecting Grant Writers
types of grants
Types of Grants
  • Monetary award given by a government agency, foundation, corporation or other entity to fund a particular project
  • Generally given to organizations as opposed to individuals
categories of support
Categories of Support
  • Operating – running program to meet community needs
  • Special Project – new project or project with limited timeframe
  • Capital/Equipment – specified amount for construction, renovation, expansion, purchase land or equipment
  • Endowments - planned gifts, will or trust
basic grant sources
Basic Grant Sources
  • Government - Federal, State, Local

26 Federal Agencies (900 programs)

  • Foundations

Second-largest source

  • Direct Corporate
assessing funding eligibility
Assessing Funding Eligibility
  • Eligibility
    • Type of organization
    • Geographic restrictions
    • Population
  • Size of Award
    • Sufficient amount to complete program activities
    • Number of grants
    • Award size and duration
  • Project Focus
    • Project complements funder’s goals and priorities
assessing funding eligibility cont
Assessing Funding Eligibility cont.
  • Type of Activity
    • Specified use of funds
  • Restrictions
    • Matching funds
    • Expenditure limitations
    • Evaluation requirements
searching for and locating grants
Searching For and Locating Grants

Finding the right grant opportunity is most of the time

consuming work in grantsmanship. Plan to spend at least

half your time in:

  • finding the agency
  • investigating previous projects that the agency has funded
  • learning about the grant proposal requirements
  • Become familiar with your chosen grant funders.
  • Search locally first.
hunting for and locating grants
Hunting For and Locating Grants

SHOTGUN APPROACH vs. RIFLE APPROACH

  • SHOTGUN: Shoot a scatter shot and see what falls out.

Look for funding agencies, investigate what they fund, and apply for something from the agency. Your goals are broad enough to be modified to fit their goals.

  • RIFLE: Take careful aim at one specific target.

Look for funding agencies that fund only what you want.

Search for an exact match to fund your project using your

specifically stated goals.

search engines
Search Engines

A search engine is a data base that you may use to

find information by using key identifying terms.

  • COS – Community of Science @ www.cos.com
  • SPINPlus – InfoEd @ www.infoed.org
  • Foundation Center Online - fconline.fdncenter.org/
  • Foundation Grants to Individuals - gtionline.fdncenter.org/
  • Grant Services – www.grantservices.com
  • FedBizOps - www.fedbizopps.gov/
  • Charity Channel – charitychannel.com
  • Google – www.google.com
grant enewsletters
Grant eNewsletters

All funding agencies and most foundations send eNewsletters

with their grant information.

  • Grant Opportunities for Oklahoma Higher Education – www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/ (weekly announcements)
  • Philanthropy News Digest – foundationcenter.org
  • Philanthropy News Network Online - pnnonline.org
  • Chronicle of Higher Education - chronicle.com/
  • Don Peek (schools) – www.schoolfundingcenter.com
  • Faith Based and Community Initiatives Digest - c._lyn_larson@hud.gov
grant resources
Grant Resources
  • Grant Opportunities for Oklahoma Higher Education – www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/ (click on Grant Resources)
  • Cleveland State University - www.csuohio.edu/uored/FUNDING/other-fs.html
  • National Endowment for the Arts - http://arts.endow.gov/federal.html
  • Grant.gov (all federal grants)- www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/fedreg/frcont07.html
  • Funders Online (Europe’s philanthropists) - www.fundersonline.org/grantseekers/
  • FundsNet Online - www.fundsnetservices.com/
  • Open Directory - dmoz.org/Society/Philanthropy/Grants/Grant-Making_Foundations/
  • Oklahoma Foundations – www.grantmakersofoklahoma.org
  • Foundation Data Book (all foundations by state)- www.foundationdatabook.com/
5 top ways to get funded
5 Top Ways to Get Funded
  • Read the RFP.
  • Read the RFP.
  • READ THE RFP.
  • READ THE RFP!
  • READ THE RFP!!!
information sources
Information Sources
  • Annual Reports
  • Federal Register Notice -www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/fedreg/frcont07.html
  • Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance -12.46.245.173/cfda/cfda.html
  • IRS Form 990 – www.grantsmart.org
  • Funder Guidelines
  • Agency Website
  • Foundation Directory – foundationcenter.org
  • Contact the Funding Agency
additional considerations
Additional Considerations
  • Necessary resources to implement the project and evaluate its progress?
  • Staff expertise to develop and implement the project?
  • Proper facilities and resources?
  • Value of the project? Replication? Reinvention?
  • Sustain project beyond funding?
  • Time and resources to write and implement?
letters of inquiry
Letters of Inquiry
  • Alternative to a call or visit

(Investigate organization to find preference)

  • Do homework before the letter for previous funding history,

types of projects, amounts

  • Provide information about your organization
  • Provide information about your proposed project
letters of inquiry17
Letters of Inquiry
  • 1-2 pages!
  • Par 1 -- Who are you? Mission, organization, you are seeking funds
  • Par 2 -- Why this agency? You understand their priorities
  • Par 3 -- What is the need? Clear and brief
  • Par 4 -- What's the plan? Bullet goals/objectives
  • Par 5 -- Why fund you? Uniqueness, qualifications
  • Par 6 -- How much? Broad categories
  • Par 7 – Closing – thank you, contact information, whether you will follow up with a phone call
letters of intent
Introduction

Why you are writing

Mission and population served

Project Description

Link funder’s priorities and project goals

Needs

Demographic and statistical evidence

Solution

How it addresses need

Best practices

Project Plan

Activities, timetables, methodology

Organizational Capacity

Ability and commitment

Previous work and staff qualifications

Budget

Funding request, organizational support and other resources

Sustainability

Project continuation

Letters of Intent
planning the grant
Planning the Grant
  • Planning and Development
    • Start with an innovative idea that addresses a specific challenge and/or need (purpose).
    • Start documenting need. Social/Economic Costs, Beneficiaries, Nature of the Problem, Impending implications?
    • Scan and identify grant opportunities.
    • Target a grant
      • Make sure your focus aligns to the grant criteria
      • Make contact with grantor agency!
    • Review successful and recent awards.
    • Identify partners, define roles and build partnerships as well as community support.
key planning questions
Key Planning Questions
  • What new projects (or program expansions) are you planning for the next two to three years?
  • Which projects are most compatible with your current mission and purpose?
  • Who else is doing this project or similar projects?  
  • What need/community need does each of your projects address?
  • What would an improved community/situation look like?
  • How can your organization/project improve the situation?
  • What members of your community – including civic leaders and groups, political figures, the media, professional organizations, and your own clients could support the project?
  • Does your organization currently have the expertise to undertake each project?
proposal components
Proposal Components
  • Organization/Partner Descriptions
  • Proposal Summary/Abstract
  • Statement of Need – Problem and Background
  • Project Description: Goals and Objectives
  • Methodology (Design and Timeframe)
  • Evaluation - Outside Evaluators, Quantitative and Qualitative Measures Aligned to Goals
  • Budget and Sustainability
  • Attachments – Commitment letters, Resumes, Charts —All Partners and Industry
compelling needs statements

Compelling Needs Statements

Heart of your entire case

for support!

key considerations
Key Considerations
  • Relate need, have clear relationship to your organizations mission and goals.
  • Focus on need in the community, target population or clients.
  • Support need with evidence.
    • statistical facts, expert testimony, literature
  • Be consistent with entity’s ability to respond.
  • Make proposal easy to read and understand.
using statistics
Using Statistics
  • Statistics Tell
    • How much? How many? How often?
    • How severe? How costly?
  • Sources
    • US Census Bureau: www.census.gov
    • Bureau of Labor Statistics: www.bls.gov
    • Oklahoma Department of Commerce: www.okcommerce.gov
    • Employment Security Commission: www.oesc.state.ok.us
    • Oklahoma Regents for Higher Education: www.okhighered.org
    • Local universities, school districts
    • Local Chambers of Commerce, nonprofits, professional associations
creating sense of urgency
Creating Sense of Urgency
  • Statistics
    • Approximately ___women were murdered in the US by their husbands or boyfriends in 1993.
  • Leader/Expert Quotes
    • Dr. Flock said children who witness spouse abuse have a ___ percent chance of ….
  • Case Statements
    • Mary Quick, a typical Family Outreach Center client, suffers from …..
  • National Need Compared to Local Need
    • In the US, is estimated that ___percent of teenagers have tried drugs by age 17; this means that at Glory Side school ___ of seniors may have…..
questions to consider
Questions to Consider
  • Who are the people with the need?
  • Where are the people with the need?
  • What is the need?
  • When is the need evident?
  • Why does the need occur?
  • What evidence do you have to support your claim?
  • What are the consequences of the need?
  • How is the need linked to your entity?
student support to go to college
Student support to go to college…

When 24-year-old Tyesh Penn decided to attend Tulsa Community College – Metro Campus (TCC-Metro), she almost quit before walking through the door. Trying to navigate the complexities of enrollment through the Internet, Tyesha, an African-American single mother of two, found the process overwhelming. “I was confused,” she says. “I wanted to go back to school for a better future for my kids, but I felt like I was in over my head.” With an income of…

slide29
Undergraduate research and education for science, technology, engineering and mathematics student majors…..

Seventy-five percent of high school seniors intend to go to college. Of those, 43 percent actually enroll in college, and one-third of these becomes a STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) majors (Science and Engineering Indicators, 2002). College freshmen who plan to pursue a career in STEM disciplines too often become discouraged, sidetracked into other majors, or committed to other life-style choices and fail to matriculate to graduation. Regional universities in Oklahoma retain 67 percent of all first year, full-time freshmen, but graduate only 29 percent (OSRHE 1999-2000). Barriers to retention of all students in college apply as well to STEM students…

medical research project
Medical research project…

Drug treatment has fallen short of getting most treated hypertensive to go (BP below 140/90 mm Hg). A highly promising behavioral treatment is guided breathing, which involves a device that guides the patient to slow the breathing rate 6 to 10 breaths/minute (the typical respiration rate is 16 breaths/minute or more). The guided breathing intervention is typically used….

tutoring program for at risk students
Tutoring program for at-risk students….

The Johnsonville School District has the highest high school dropout rate in the state of Texas. The district has found that the three most common reasons students drop out of high school are failing grades, a lack of interest in school, and a lack of parental support. To combat the dropout problem, the Johnsonville School District is seeking grant funding to implement the Stay in School Program district-wide. The program will…..

project plan or description

Project Plan or Description

What you plan to do to

address the need.

project description
Project Description
  • What?
    • Goals and Objectives
  • Why?
    • Best Practices/Effectiveness
  • How?
    • Tasks/Activities
  • Who?
    • Program Personnel
  • When?
    • Time Line
effective goals objectives
Effective Goals/Objectives
  • Goals - Broad statements reflecting ultimate results of accomplishment.
    • Decrease dropout rate….
  • Objectives – Measurement of what the organization will do to accomplish goal.
    • Hold 54 tutoring sessions for….between Sept. and May 07
  • Activities Specific Tasks or Strategies Implemented.
    • Design and develop tutoring model …..
  • Outcomes – Measure change as a result of project.
    • 85% of students participating in….returned to school…
slide35
Q: How many grant writers does it take to

change a light bulb?

A: 100. Ten to do it, and 90 to write document number GC7500439-001, Multitasking Incandescent Source System Facility, of which 10% of the pages state only "This page intentionally left blank", and 20% of the definitions are of the form "A ------ consists of sequences of non-blank characters separated by blanks".

project personnel
Project Personnel
  • Who will manage the project?
  • Who will be involved in the project?
  • What are their qualifications?
  • What are their responsibilities?
  • What is the management/organizational structure for the project?
  • Are you using existing personnel or hiring someone after the award? If hiring, add a job description
project personnel documentation
Project Personnel Documentation
  • Assure funding agency you have the qualified staff to carry out the project.
    • Job Description
    • Vita or Resume
    • Key Responsibilities
    • Project Experience
    • Organizational Chart
questions to consider38
Questions to Consider
  • Are goals/objectives/activities logically derived from needs statement?
  • Have you explained why you selected activities or methods?
  • Is the timing and order of events clear and understandable?
  • Is it clear who will perform specific activities?
  • Are proposed activities feasible considering resources?
  • Is the proposal easy to read? Use simple and direct language. www.plainlanguage.gov/
slide39
A grant writing professor was lecturing to his Federal and State Initiatives workshopone day.

“Use the Plain English style to write clearly. In English," she said, “A double negative forms a positive. In some languages, though, such as Russian, a double negative is still a negative. However, there is no language wherein a double positive can form a negative."A voice from the back of the room piped up, "Yeah, right."

evaluation plan

Evaluation Plan

Documenting Results and Impact

evaluation benefits
Evaluation Benefits
  • Strengthens proposals in eye of reviewers.
    • What works best.
  • Learn what is going well and what is not.
    • Program improvement during the implementation
  • Ensures project is operating effectively.
    • Recipients of public trust.
  • Create a replicable model for others to use.
planning evaluation
Planning Evaluation
  • What questions will evaluation answer?
  • What are the specific evaluation plans and time frames?
  • What data will be collected?
  • Who will be evaluated/what will be measured?
  • When will data be collected?
  • What strategies, tools, or instruments will be used?
  • Who will conduct the evaluation?
  • Who will write and receive the report?
  • How will the information be used to improve the project?
evaluators
Evaluators
  • Internal versus external evaluator – or both
  • Funder requirements
    • External outside entity
  • Funding availability – rule of thumb approximately 10% of project cost
  • Qualified candidates
  • www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/(click on Grant Writing Resources)
assessment measures
Assessment Measures
  • Quantitative
    • Number driven
    • Bottom line
  • Qualitative
    • Quality
    • Perceptions and experienced participants
    • Adjust programs and procedures
evaluation processes
Evaluation Processes
  • Formative Evaluation
    • Ongoing process assessing project effectiveness
    • Regularly scheduled data collection
    • How well completing project activities
  • Summative Evaluation
    • Final results
    • Length of grant
    • Goals and Objectives
project timeline
Project Timeline

Goal: Primary goal of the Meal Consortium is to allow homebound elders to live independently.

Objective: Reduce number of individuals leaving the Meal Consortium by 5 percent.

timeline sample
Timeline Sample

Activity Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

  • Hire coordinator ● ●
  • Recruit two social workers ● ● ●
  • Identify target elders ● ● ● ● ●
budget

Budget

Budget justifies expenses and aligns with proposal narrative.

budgeting steps
Budgeting Steps
  • Establish budget period.
  • Estimate expenses.
  • Decide whether and how to include overhead costs. Remember that overhead costs are real!
  • Estimate donated goods and services based on real costs and valid sources.
  • Estimate project revenues.
direct expenses
Direct Expenses
  • Consider: Implementation, continuation, and phase-down costs.
    • Salaries and increases.
    • Utilities, insurance, rental space, and equipment.
    • Food, transportation, and telephone.
    • Evaluation systems, audits, accounting systems, and dissemination activities.
    • Materials and supplies.
indirect or overhead costs
Indirect or Overhead Costs
  • Shared by all of the program and entity but difficult to assign specific amounts to any one program.
    • Liability Insurance
    • Copier Lease
    • Financial Management
  • Recovery of indirect costs.
    • Funders guidelines
    • Organization guidelines
in kind matching funds
In-Kind Matching Funds
  • Read funder’s definition carefully.
    • Can the match be an in-kind contribution (i.e., soft cash or services)?
      • Personnel • Contractual
      • Fringe benefits • Construction
      • Travel • Miscellaneous
      • Equipment • Indirect costs Charges waiving or
      • Supplies reduction
cash match
Cash Match
  • Cash match (hard cash)
  • Work with business manager to explore:
    • General operating funds
    • Specialized allocations
    • Other state or federal grants (allowable)
    • Private sector grants
    • Set up a fund internally for matching
budget principles
Budget Principles
  • 0 mistakes! (at least 3 proofers)
  • Consistent format – numbers, dollar signs, decimals, commas
  • Ask for enough, but just enough.
  • Clearly justify your figures with real estimates, real travel locations, real mileage, real salaries (no estimates).
  • Tell your story. If someone cannot understand your project from reading your budget, start over.
  • Include ALL project costs, ALL internal contributions, ALL partner contributions, and plans for sustaining the project.
  • When you do not have a person hired for a position, include a clear job description.
budget presentation
Budget Presentation

You should present your budget in four different

ways:

  • Narrative format (a short summary that refers to percentages and precedes the standard format).
  • Visual format, such as a pie chart that reflects the percentages mentioned in the narrative.
  • Standard numerical format.
  • Budget justification (details about each numerical item and follows the standard format).
preceding narrative
Preceding Narrative
  • The overall annual budget for the Center for Women and Children is projected to be $465,000. Of this amount 53% is for salaries and benefits, 37% is for programs and services to women and children, and 10% is for administration and fundraising expenses.
standard form usually provided
Standard Form(usually provided)

Item Annual Expense

A. Personnel (Salaries, Wages)

  • Executive Director $65,000
  • Administrative Assistant, .5 FTE $22,000
  • Program Director $38,000
  • Program Assistant $32,000
  • Development Director $38,000
  • Membership Coordinator $32,000
  • Office Assistant $26,500

Total Personnel $183,500

B. Benefits Medical/dental coverage $22,000 

C. Contractual

  • 1. Web design and maintenance $11,500
  • 2. Accounting (monthly) $ 500
budget justification
Budget Justification
  • Thoughtful narrative per each item
  • Summary overview
  • Discuss any significant increases or decreases compared with last year's or next year's budget
  • Important figures (such as a high per unit cost).

For example, if your $250,000 organization has a $75,000 increase in rent, explain why.

sample budget justification
Sample Budget Justification

Executive Director, Dr. Joan Smith The budget

request is for 1.0 FTE director @ $65,000 annual

salary plus fringe at 22%.

Administrative Assistant, Ms. Mary Smith The

budget request is for .5 FTE administrative assistant

@ $47,500 annual salary plus fringe at 20%. She

will be .5 FTE for the Oklahoma GEAR UP

program, also. Office space is being contributed to the project by the Oklahoma GEAR UP program.

get budgeting help
Get Budgeting Help

If you are new to budgeting or want to take a moment to be sure that you are up-to-speed on preparing a budget, there are sources available on-line that have good budget examples. One tutorial may be found at the Foundation Center's website http://fdncenter.org/learn/classroom/prop_budgt/index.html

management plan
Management Plan
  • How organization is structured and the resources available.
    • Key personnel
    • Organizational structure
    • Finance
    • HR
    • Unique features, i.e. volunteers, student workers, leveraging other workers
dissemination plan
Dissemination Plan
  • How will you share information about project discoveries and resources?
  • Who will you target?
  • What communication tools will you use?
    • State and national conferences
    • Publications, i.e. journal articles
    • Newsletters
    • Web Sites
    • Pod casts, Wikipedia, Blogs, Webinars
    • Interactive Television
    • Commercial Television Ads or PSA’s
    • News releases
    • Newspaper Ads
    • Community Organization Meetings
    • School Classes
    • Speakers’ Bureau
supporting documentation
Supporting Documentation
  • Common requests
    • Organization's IRS determination letter
    • DUNS number – fedgov.dnb.com (Dun & Bradstreet)
    • Central Contractor Registry (CCR) – www.ccr.gov – E-Business POC – M-PIN password
    • AOR – Authorized Organization Representative
    • Board members and affiliations
    • Organization’s budget
    • Organization brochure/current newsletters
    • Latest annual report
    • Strategic plan
    • Supplemental funding sources
    • Letters of commitment
letters of commitment
Letters of Commitment
  • Must have substance!
  • Avoid duplicate wording
  • All partners
  • Include
    • Need perspective
    • Why proposal will solve need
    • What support will they provide the project?
      • Donate equipment/funding
      • Hire graduates
      • Identify participants
      • Serve on committees
      • Sustain after the grant period
abstract or summary
Abstract or Summary
  • Proposal initiative
    • Project name, funding competition
  • Statement of need
  • Goals
  • Measurable objectives
  • Key activities
  • Impact on problem
    • What will improve and how many will project impact over project duration.
abstract or summary69
Abstract or Summary
  • Short – 1 paragraph to 1 page
  • This is the summary that is sent to your local congressional office, and they use it to send out news releases.
submission process
Submission Process
  • Oklahoma DOES NOT have a central point of contact requirement
  • Read submission requirements early
  • Individual or Partnership
    • Drives grant/process
    • Clearly defined roles
      • Lead organization
      • Subcontract
      • Fiscal sponsor
    • Plan Ahead (submit at least 1 week early)
    • Follow Funder Process
      • Application Instructions
      • Technical requirements
      • Checklist
      • Electronic (Electronic takes TIME, sometimes days or weeks!)
      • Paper
double check
Double Check
  • Create checklist of required items and supplements.
    • Proposal elements
    • Criteria
    • Technical requirements (proof font, tabs, margins, style)
    • Submittal requirements (hard copy, e-copy)
    • Budget
  • Outside readers evaluate.
  • New pair of eyes to evaluate work. Get three persons to review: one close, one semi-close, and one cold. Try a teen ager or a grandmother.
  • Track submission with follow-up note, call, or electronic verification.
review process
Review Process
  • Guidelines vary by entity
  • Selection criteria and scoring
    • Published in solicitation and federal register
  • Peer review
become a reviewer
WHY?

Learn to write grant proposals

Learn about the funded grants of the agency

Learn the process and improve your odds

Network with others like you

Simplify your writing

Provide a service

HOW?

Tell the recipient of a grant

Tell the funder, program director, head of agency

Apply online – provide a vitae and short synopsis of why you may be of help

Need not have grant experience, just content expertise

Become a Reviewer
life after the grant
Life After the Grant
  • Grant is Accepted
    • YEAH!!!
    • Negotiated. This is VERY OK!!!
  • Grant is Rejected
    • Have 8 hours of depression and regroup.
    • Obtain reviewer comments.
    • Make personal visit.
    • All might not be lost...
    • Remember, REJECTION IS GOOD!
  • Write Thank You

In either case, keep writing. BE PERSISTENT!

grant administration
Grant Administration
  • Financial Administration Critical
    • Determine allowable/unallowable costs
    • Maintain records
      • Financial and staff
      • Publicity
    • Determine cost accounting standards, OMB Circulars
    • Accounting
    • Procurement
    • Personnel
    • Property management
    • Travel
    • Reporting
hiring and selecting grant writers
Hiring and Selecting Grant Writers

Using an outside grantwriter may seem to be the best method of success in grant seeking. Ask:

  • Does our organization have the skills required for this project? (no = hired)
  • Is this a short term project or require long term commitment? (long term = in house)
  • Does this project require outside objectivity? (hired)
hiring and selecting grant writers77
PROs

On time, on budget

Honest

Attention & time to project

Experience

CONs

External values

Have to gain knowledge

Lack of passion

Lack of relationships

Hiring and Selecting Grant Writers
principles of working with a grantwriter
Principles of Working With a Grantwriter
  • Prepare a one-page Scope of Work
  • Get referrals
  • Cost, Confidentiality Statement, Code of Ethics
  • Pay a fee, not a % - same if grant is funded or not
  • Interview 3 at your expense
  • Select based on chemistry! calendar, cost
  • Turn loose! Let the professional work.
  • Final report - hours spent on meetings, research, writing - costs of materials, postage, copying
northwestern oklahoma economic development federal state initiatives grant writing workshop
Sheryl Hale, Ed.D.

Innovative Programs, Research and Development

Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education

shale@okcareerteh.org

405-743-5553

Linda Mason, Ed.D.

Coordinator for Grant Writing

Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education

lmason@osrhe.edu

405-225-9486

Northwestern Oklahoma Economic Development Federal/State Initiatives Grant Writing Workshop
book references
Book References
  • Joseph Barbato and Danielle S. Furlich, Writing for a Good Cause: The Complete Guide to Crafting Proposals and Other Persuasive Pieces for Nonprofits, Simon and Shuster, 2000.
  • David Bauer,The “How To” Grants Manual: Successful Grantseeking Techniques for Obtaining Public and Private Grants, 3rd, Oryx Press, Phoenix, AR, 1995.
  • Alexis Carter Black,Getting Grants: The Complete Manual of Proposal Development and Administration, Self-Counsel Press, Bellingham, WA, 2006.
  • Bev Browning,Grant Writing for Dummies, 2nd., Wiley Publishing, Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
  • Mim Carlson,Winning Grants Step by Step, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco, 1995.
  • Arlen Sue Fox and Ellen Karsh, The Only Grant-Writing Book You’ll Ever Need, Publishers Group West, 2006.
  • Kenneth Henson, Grant Writing in Higher Education: A Step-by-Step Guide, Prentice Hall, 2003.
interesting articles
Interesting Articles
  • “Hiring and Working With Grantwriters and Consultants: Know What You Need and Let Them Do It!” – Linda Hauser, Wednesday, May 04, 2005, http://charitychannel.com/.
  • “Positioning Grant Writers For Success” - www.raise-funds.com/040202forum.html <http://www.raise-funds.com/040202forum.html>
  • “The Buck Starts Here” – Karen Markin, The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 21, 2005.
  • “Know the Process, Improve Your Odds” – Brian Cobb and Stacy Abate,February 22, 2006. http://charitychannel.com/.
  • “Lessons in Evaluation: How Serving on Grant Panels Could Make You a Better Writer” – Jennifer Phelps, July 7, 2004, http://charitychannel.com/.
  • “Lets Ask for One Million Dollars or Why Successful Grantsmanship Isn’t Like Buckshot” – Katherine Felts, April 8, 2003, http://charitychannel.com/.
  • “Tips for New Grant Writers” – Shelly Uva, March 12, 2002, http://charitychannel.com/
helpful websites
Helpful Websites
  • Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education - www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/
  • Training Videos - http://www.onenet.net/ops/streaming/brown_bag/brown_bag_index.html
  • The Art of Grantsmanship - http://www.hfsp.org/how/ArtofGrants.htm
  • The EPA Grant Writing Tutorial -

http://www.epa.gov/seahome/grants/src/msieopen.htm

  • The Foundation Center - http://fdncenter.org/
  • Writing Winning Proposals, the US Department of Energy - http://www.leeric.lsu.edu/sample.pdf
  • Association of Fundraising Professionals - http://www.afpnet.org/