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Micro to Nano Technologies. By: Brent Hare Lenox laser March 30, 2004. Micro to Nano Technologies. Micro - Prefix meaning one millionth, 1/1,000,000 Nano – Prefix meaning one billionth, 1/1,000,000,000 . The Powers of 10. Current Micro Technologies.

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micro to nano technologies

Micro to Nano Technologies

By: Brent HareLenox laser

March 30, 2004

micro to nano technologies2
Micro to Nano Technologies
  • Micro - Prefix meaning one millionth, 1/1,000,000
  • Nano – Prefix meaning one billionth, 1/1,000,000,000
current micro technologies
Current Micro Technologies
  • Photonics - Optical Apertures and Flow Orifices
  • Electronics – Semiconductor chips, anodic bonding
  • MEMS – Micro Electro Mechanical Systems
  • Communication – Fiber optics, switching interconnects
  • Biotechnology - cell filtration, drug discovery
current nano technologies
Current Nano Technologies
  • Molecular manufacturing – Precision down to the atomic level
  • Nanotubes –Building advanced lightweight materials as well as advancements in LCD technologies
  • Medicine – Devices that will flow through the circulatory system
  • Nanocomposites – Assisting in vast improvements in material compositions
  • Electronics – Advanced CMOS and silicon transistor integration with lithography
micro scaling to nano
Micro scaling to Nano

Click Picture to watch Nanotechnology movie

mms://stream.techtv.com/windows/bigthinkers/2002/bt020225b_165_0.asf

micro optics
Micro - Optics
  • Ability to drill to ½ micron for half the wavelength
  • Micromirrors for next generation telescope optics

Micromirrors

Microlens Arrays

http://www.memsoptical.com/prodserv/products/microlensar.htm

micro electro
Micro - Electro
  • Pentium 4-
    • Top speed – 3.4ghz
    • Built on a 0.13 micron die
    • 168 million transistors on 200mm2

http://www.geek.com/procspec/intel/pic2p4-13.htm

micro chemical
Micro - Chemical
  • Miniature fuel cells
  • Micro channels
  • Chemical reactors

Micro Chemical Channel

Micro Fuel Cell

http://www.utnl.jp/~mada-lab/research.html

50 Micron Chemical Reactor

micro flow devices
Micro Flow Devices

Swagelock has

begun to minaturize

its flow components

=

6in. x 18in.

Photos from Pittcon

3ft. X 4ft.

micro engineering
Micro - Engineering
  • Micro gears
  • Micro embossing and stamping
  • Microactuators (Tiny Motors)
  • Micro-valves

Micro embossing

Complex Ratchet

Micro-valves

http://www.memx.com/image_gallery.htm

micro mechanical
Micro - Mechanical

Microactuators – tiny motors

http://us.st.com/stonline/prodpres/dedicate/mems/technolo/micro/photo.htm

micro mechincal
Micro Mechincal

World’s smallest steam engine, the pistons are 5 microns and it actually works

Micro Clutch mechanism, gears are 50 microns

http://www.memx.com/image_gallery.htm

microfluidics
Microfluidics

Print Cartridges

  • Capillary uptake
  • Piezoelectric inkjets
  • Flow sensing
  • Drug dispensing
  • Flow based separation

Lab-On-Chip for DNADetection and Analysis

http://www.sensorsmag.com/articles/0700/10/main.shtml

Micro Canals

micro communications
Micro Communications
  • Full optical switching technologies
  • Most fiber optic backbone in the United States ranges from 1.3 to 1.5 micrometers and can transmit over 5 GBps and can span 93 miles

Fiber optic switching

http://www.lucent.com

e blox scaleable interfaceable stackable
e-blox (Scaleable, Interfaceable, Stackable)
  • Micro to nano interfaces for simple solutions
  • e-blox allows you to build backbones connecting Gas, Liquid, Electro, Optical – Fiber/Micro, and nanotechnologies in order to build unique devices for MEMS and other technologies
  • Imagine devices built with the integration of all of these competing technologies on a Scaleable, Interfaceable, Stackable solution at the micro and nano level
mems powder metal die casting for building small parts
MEMS (Powder Metal Die Casting for building small parts)
  • The ability to arrange particles and then compress them into a die to build ultra small parts that can be used in MEMS technologies i.e. e-blox
  • They have the ability to create miniature tools and dies to help build MEMS technologies

Micro Sensor 0.051mm

http://www.smalltimes.com/document_display.cfm?document_id=5340

rapid prototyping
Rapid Prototyping
  • Use of 3D CAD modeling with SolidEdge
  • 3D Scanning Technologies – Use of lasers and optics to scan surface objects
  • 3D Holography Technologies – Holograms for real visualizations

3D CAD Model

http://www.solid-edge.com/

electroforming technologies
Electroforming Technologies

Electroforming is the process of fabricating a part from the plating itself. A shaped mandrel is plated long enough to build up a "stand alone" thickness. The mandrel is then removed by melting, chemically etching or exploiting differences in thermal coefficients of expansion between the electroformed part and the mandrel.

http://www.epner.com/electroforming_intro.ssi

etching technologies
Etching Technologies
  • Wet Etching – Dissolves materials with chemicals and the use of masks
  • Dry Etching - ion etching (RIE), sputter etching, and vapor phase etching are used by blasting the material surface with ion gases

http://www.memsnet.org/mems/beginner/etch.html

lithography technologies
Lithography Technologies
  • Lithography is a printing process where image areas and non-image areas are separated chemically
  • Silicon semiconductor companies use extremely small masks to mark silicon wafers with 248 nm, 193nm, and now 13.4nm wavelengths of light

http://www.intel.com/research/silicon/lithography.htm

piezeo electronics for micro to nano movement
Piezeo electronics (for micro to nano movement)
  • Pizeoelectronics are materials that produce an electrical response to a mechanical force.
  • Can be used in Vibration Monitoring, Imaging Arrays, Doppler Probes, Biotech, Pharmaceutical, and Industrial & Process Control
first nanochips
First NanoChips
  • Integrated circuits can be made down to 50nm
  • 50nm chips are made using 193nm lithography (smaller than a wavelength so they use diffraction corrections)

http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa002&articleID=000CE8C4-DC31-1055-973683414B7F0000&pageNumber=4&catID=2

next generation nano lithography
Next Generation Nano Lithography
  • To build chips smaller than 50nm, new lithography technologies must be created – The above technology can use 13nm ultraviolet wavelengths

http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa002&articleID=000CE8C4-DC31-1055-973683414B7F0000&pageNumber=4&catID=2

nano biotechnologies
Nano Biotechnologies
  • Scientists have developed a way to use DNA for minuscule wires that can be used in nanoelectronics
  • Ability to have insulated wires sized at 25nm and 20 microns in length

http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa002&articleID=000CE8C4-DC31-1055-973683414B7F0000&pageNumber=4&catID=2

nanotubes
Nanotubes
  • Conductive and high-strength composites
  • Energy storage and energy conversion devices
  • Sensors
  • Medical drug delivery and DNA research
  • Nanometer-sized semiconductor devices, probes, and interconnects

Nanotubes are built by arrangingseveral atoms in a closed pattern to form an unbelievably small tube

http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/images4/nanotubes-model.jpg