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Education, Equity & the Economy Findings from State of the South 2004 Sarah Rubin, Senior Associate MDC Inc. RCCA Conference -- October 2004 Big Trends The South's population is changing. The South's economy is changing. High school education is changing – and it needs to.

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education equity the economy findings from state of the south 2004

Education, Equity & the EconomyFindings from State of the South 2004

Sarah Rubin, Senior Associate

MDC Inc.

RCCA Conference -- October 2004

big trends
Big Trends
  • The South's population is changing.
  • The South's economy is changing.
  • High school education is changing – and it needs to.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

south s population more diverse
South’s Population: More Diverse

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

children in poverty 2000
Children in Poverty, 2000

Source: Kids Count / U.S. Census

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

more offices fewer factories
More Offices, Fewer Factories

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

fast growing occupations require education beyond high school
Fast-Growing Occupations Require Education Beyond High School

Source: BLS Monthly Labor Review, Nov. 2001

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

less educated men falling behind
Less-Educated Men: Falling Behind

Source: Postsecondary Ed Opportunity, March 2003 (based on CPS data)

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

squeezed in a vise
Squeezed in a Vise

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

how well are high schools preparing youth for the future economy
How Well Are High Schools Preparing Youth for the Future Economy?

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

the muddled middle
The Muddled Middle
  • Two clear pathways out of high school:
    • Further education and career.
    • Disconnection from society and opportunity.
  • Muddled middle, filled with young people for whom high school fails to provide direction or motivation.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

enrollment up in advanced math
Enrollment Up in Advanced Math

Source:National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2002.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

advanced placement widespread
Advanced Placement Widespread

Source: SREB

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

more minorities and women going to college
More Minorities and Women Going to College

In Southern colleges and universities:

  • Black enrollment rose 48% during the 1990s.
  • Hispanic enrollment rose 70%.
  • Women’s enrollment has risen steadily since the late 1970s.
  • White male enrollment dropped slightly in the 1990s.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

achievement gap persists
Achievement Gap Persists

2003 NAEP 8th Grade Reading Scores by Race/Ethnicity:

Percent Who Scored Proficient or Higher

(Percents in blue are at or above the US average)

Source: NCES Reading Highlights 2003.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

too few high school graduates
Too Few High School Graduates

Source: Jay P. Greene and Greg Forster, "Public High School Graduation and College Readiness Rates in the U.S., Education Working Paper No. 3," Center for Civic Innovation at the Manhattan Institute, September 2003.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

attainment race ethnic gaps
Attainment: Race, Ethnic Gaps

Southern Adults Age 25+ by Educational Attainment and Race/Ethnicity, 2000: Less than High School or BA+

Source: U.S. Census

NOTE: "White" is non-Hispanic white.

"Black" is defined by the Census category "black alone"

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

attainment metro nonmetro
Attainment: Metro/Nonmetro

Source: March 2000 CPS

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

drift into resegregation
Drift Into Resegregation

1954 1970 1988 2001

Source: Brown at Fifty: King's Dream or Plessy's Nightmare? Gary Orfield and Chungmei Lee, Harvard Civil Rights Project, January 2004.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

schools levers for change
Schools: Levers for Change

Today, education is perhaps the most important function of state and local governments… It is the very foundation of good citizenship.

– US Supreme Court, 1954

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

four challenges
Four Challenges
  • Sustained prosperity requires more people with higher skills and education beyond high school.
  • Young population is increasingly Latino and African American.
  • Many low-income youth attend isolated, resource-poor schools.
  • High schools fail to engage and inspire many students, regardless of income and race.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

levers for change
Levers for Change
  • Move beyond seat time and test scores.
  • Provide multiple pathways to opportunity.
  • Connect adults and adolescents.
  • Eliminate high-poverty schools.
  • Recognize the primacy of teaching.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

1 beyond seat time test scores
1.Beyond Seat Time & Test Scores
  • Ensure that all young people graduate from high school prepared for further education.
  • Align high school curriculum and standards with requirements of the emerging economy and postsecondary education.
  • Extend literacy instruction through high school.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

2 provide multiple pathways
2. Provide Multiple Pathways
  • Offer training for skilled occupations – Career and Technical Education.
  • Provide accelerated learning options – AP courses, dual-enrollment.
  • Create blended institutions – Early College High Schools.
  • Establish Career Academies.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

3 connect adults and adolescents
3. Connect Adults and Adolescents
  • Guidance counselors are powerful connectors.
  • High schools need strong connections to communities.
    • Adult mentors.
    • Businesses and work-based learning.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

4 eliminate high poverty schools
4. Eliminate High-Poverty Schools
  • Race matters, income matters more.
  • No school should have a high concentration of students living in poverty.
  • Where entire districts are poor, states must provide resources and encourage regionalism.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

5 no substitute for strong teaching
5.No Substitute for Strong Teaching
  • Develop a corps of superbly trained, well-paid, professional teachers.
  • Identify and train new teachers.
  • Retain incumbent teachers and expand professional development opportunities.
  • Break up systematic assigning of vulnerable teachers to vulnerable schools.
  • Offer pay, housing, tax, and other incentives to attract experienced principals and teachers to vulnerable schools.

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

questions
Questions
  • How well do these recommendations match the needs in your community or region?
  • What can rural community colleges do to put more young people on a path to college?
  • Does your state have any promising initiatives to reform high school education? How are community colleges involved?

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org

for more information
For More Information

Sarah Rubin

MDC Inc.

P.O. Box 17268, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-7268

(919) 968-4531

srubin@mdcinc.org

State of the South 2004 can be downloaded or ordered from MDC’s website (www.mdcinc.org)

State of the South 2004 – © MDC Inc. – www.mdcinc.org