Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Reproductive Health Care for Women: Coverage, Access, and Financing. Usha R. Ranji, M.S. Principal Policy Analyst Kaiser Family Foundation KaiserEDU.org Tutorial December 2008. Figure 2. Prevention. Contraception Screenings Pap tests Breast exams Sexually transmitted infections.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Usha R. Ranji, M.S.
Principal Policy Analyst
Kaiser Family Foundation
Allow women to prevent unintended pregnancies as well as plan and space their childbearing
Typical U.S. woman who wants only 2 children must use contraceptives for roughly 3 decades
62% of women aged 15–44 currently use a contraceptive
Most (64%) using reversible methods, such as oral contraceptives or condoms, but some differences between age and racial groups
State Mandates for
Contraceptive Coverage, 2008
Comprehensive mandate (8 states)
Limited mandate* (19 states)
None (23 states + DC)
*Allows religious or ethical exemptions to the mandate.
Source: Alan Guttmacher Institute, State Policies in Brief, May 2008.
Sources of Public Funding for Family Planning, 2006
Total= $1.8 Billion
Note: Federal Grants includes Title X (11.7%), MCH Block Grant (2.1%), TANF and Social Service Block Grant (2.6%). Source: Sonfield, A. and Gold, R.B., Public Funding for Family Planning, Sterilization and Abortion Services, FY 1980–2006, AGI, 2008.
Annual Title X Appropriation Levels ($ millions)
Sources: AGI, Fulfilling the Promise, 2000; NFPRHA, Title X Factsheet.
Source: Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Bacterial Vaginosis among Female Adolescents in the United States: Data from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004
Women and HIV/AIDSWomen as a Proportion of Newly Reported AIDS Cases, 1985-2006
Note: Includes reported cases among women 13 years of age and older.
Source: CDC, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Reports, Vol. 18. 2008.
Live births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19:
Sources: CDC National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2007. Hamilton BE, Martin JA & Ventura SJ. Births: Preliminary data for 2006. CDC National Vital Statistics Reports, 56(7). 2007.; Martin JA, Hamilton BE et al. Births: Final data for 2005. CDC National Vital Statistics Reports, 56(6). 2007.
Distribution of hospital stays for women, 18-44, 2000
Source: Estimates based on AHRQ, Care of Women in U.S. Hospitals, 2000: HCUP Fact Book No. 3, September 2002.
Figure 3Paying for Maternity Care
Average expenditures for maternity care, 2004
Source: March of Dimes, Cost of Maternity and Infant Care, 2007.
Abortion Rates Among Women, Ages 15-44, 1980-2005
Abortions per 1,000 women
Source: Jones RK, et al. 2008. Abortion in the United States: Incidence and Access to Services, 2005, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.
Number (in thousands) of ART Cycles at Reporting Clinics, 1996-2005
Source: CDC, 2005 Assisted Reproductive Technology Report.