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SX1009 Rights in the Digital Society Wendy Moncur Dept. of Computing Science Rights in the Digital Society Freedom of expression and privacy: civil rights in a digital society Ownership in a digital world Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism and cyber-bullying

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sx1009 rights in the digital society

SX1009 Rights in the Digital Society

Wendy Moncur

Dept. of Computing Science

rights in the digital society
Rights in the Digital Society
  • Freedom of expression and privacy: civil rights in a digital society
  • Ownership in a digital world
  • Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism and cyber-bullying
  • Information credibility and authority in a Web2.0 world
  • Details of assessment
the extent of the digital society
The extent of the Digital Society
  • Recording everything, forgetting nothing
  • Where?
    • Internet
    • Mobile phones
    • Cameras
    • Smart appliances
    • Buildings
    • Furniture
    • Vehicles
    • clothing
    • .......
the extent of the digital society4
The extent of the Digital Society

“By year end 2012, physical sensors will create 20% of non-video internet traffic.”

Gartner Group

www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=876512

civil rights freedom of expression
Civil rights: Freedom of expression

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/5020788.stm

civil rights privacy
Civil rights: Privacy
  • Who stores our data?
  • Where?
  • Who can access it?
  • What does this data say about us?
civil rights privacy8
Civil rights: Privacy
  • MPs expenses scandal triggered by info on FaceBook
ownership in a digital world
Ownership in a digital world
  • Who ‘owns’ this photo?
  • Who can delete it?
  • What is your impression of these people?
  • Would you employ them?
cyber crime
Cyber-crime

“...the use of any computer network for crime” British Police

  • financial scams
  • computer hacking
  • downloading pornographic images from the internet
  • virus attacks
  • stalking by e-mail
  • creating websites that promote racial hatred
  • ..... and more.....
cyber crime a big problem
Cyber-crime: a big problem
  • 90% of US companies detected computer security breaches in the previous year
  • 74% acknowledged financial losses as a result of the breaches of security
  • 273 organisations quantified their financial losses: the total bill came to $265m.
  • 25% of respondents detected penetration from outside their company
  • 79% detected employee abuse of the internet, for example downloading pornography or pirated software
  • 85% detected computer viruses

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk/2001/life_of_crime/cybercrime.stm

cyber terrorism
Cyber-terrorism

“Terrorist groups are increasingly using new information technology and the Internet to formulate plans, raise funds, spread propaganda, and engage in secure communications.

Cyberterrorism-–meaning the use of cyber tools to shut down critical national infrastructures (such as energy, transportation, or government operations) for the purpose of coercing or intimidating a government or civilian population–-is clearly an emerging threat.”

Dale L. Watson, Executive Assistant Director, Counterterrorism/Counterintelligence Division, FBI

http://www2.fbi.gov/congress/congress02/watson020602.htm

cyber bullying
Cyber-bullying
  • What constitutes cyber-bullying?
information credibility
Information credibility
  • Data is not perfect
  • Whose fault was this accident?
information credibility16
Information credibility

http://www.sexoffendertrackerapp.com/

Publicly available app.

  • Sense of safety, or greater fear?
  • Is the information correct?
  • Does this app incite illegal vigilante activity?

“Sex Offender Tracker App is a new mobile app that provides users with access to the location of registered sex offenders through the lens of augmented reality.”

http://www.sexoffendertrackerapp.com/

a balancing act
A Balancing Act

Information credibility and authority in a Web2.0 world

Ownership of online materials

Right to Privacy

Freedom of expression

Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism

Cyber-bullying

assessment 1
Assessment (1)

In the practical, you will be randomly assigned to a group, and to one of the following topics:

  • Google StreetView (and similar applications)
  • Sensors to monitor elderly people in their homes
  • Activist websites – eg- environmental, political. Choose at least one specific example.
  • UK use of CCTV
  • Wikileaks Iraq War logs
assessment 2
Assessment (2)
  • You will take part in an online debate about your allocated topic.
  • You will either put forward arguments about the advantages or disadvantages of the debate topic, depending on your group.
assessment 3 what to debate
Assessment (3): What to debate?
  • Arguments should cover relevant aspects of:
    • Civil rights in a  digital society
    • Ownership in a digital society
    • Cyber-crime/ cyber-terrorism/ cyber-bullying
    • Information credibility and authority in a Web 2.0 world
some rules
Some rules....
  • You should only argue your allocated side of the argument, even if you do not really agree with it.
  • You are expected to use grammatically correct English. No text-speak please.
  • Your arguments should be well thought through, and based in the research that you do on your topic.
  • Your arguments should only be about the topic. They should be courteous, even if you disagree strongly with someone else's opinion.
  • You will be marked both on your individual contribution to the debate, and on your support of other students who are taking the same stance as you (ie - positive or negative). Marks will be given for the number and content of your arguments.