SX1009 Rights in the Digital Society Wendy Moncur Dept. of Computing Science
Rights in the Digital Society • Freedom of expression and privacy: civil rights in a digital society • Ownership in a digital world • Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism and cyber-bullying • Information credibility and authority in a Web2.0 world • Details of assessment
The extent of the Digital Society • Recording everything, forgetting nothing • Where? • Internet • Mobile phones • Cameras • Smart appliances • Buildings • Furniture • Vehicles • clothing • .......
The extent of the Digital Society “By year end 2012, physical sensors will create 20% of non-video internet traffic.” Gartner Group www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=876512
Civil rights: Freedom of expression http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/5020788.stm
Civil rights: Privacy • Who stores our data? • Where? • Who can access it? • What does this data say about us?
Civil rights: Privacy • MPs expenses scandal triggered by info on FaceBook
Ownership in a digital world • Who ‘owns’ this photo? • Who can delete it? • What is your impression of these people? • Would you employ them?
Cyber-crime “...the use of any computer network for crime” British Police • financial scams • computer hacking • downloading pornographic images from the internet • virus attacks • stalking by e-mail • creating websites that promote racial hatred • ..... and more.....
Cyber-crime: a big problem • 90% of US companies detected computer security breaches in the previous year • 74% acknowledged financial losses as a result of the breaches of security • 273 organisations quantified their financial losses: the total bill came to $265m. • 25% of respondents detected penetration from outside their company • 79% detected employee abuse of the internet, for example downloading pornography or pirated software • 85% detected computer viruses http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk/2001/life_of_crime/cybercrime.stm
Cyber-terrorism “Terrorist groups are increasingly using new information technology and the Internet to formulate plans, raise funds, spread propaganda, and engage in secure communications. Cyberterrorism-–meaning the use of cyber tools to shut down critical national infrastructures (such as energy, transportation, or government operations) for the purpose of coercing or intimidating a government or civilian population–-is clearly an emerging threat.” Dale L. Watson, Executive Assistant Director, Counterterrorism/Counterintelligence Division, FBI http://www2.fbi.gov/congress/congress02/watson020602.htm
Cyber-bullying • What constitutes cyber-bullying?
Information credibility • Data is not perfect • Whose fault was this accident?
Information credibility http://www.sexoffendertrackerapp.com/ Publicly available app. • Sense of safety, or greater fear? • Is the information correct? • Does this app incite illegal vigilante activity? “Sex Offender Tracker App is a new mobile app that provides users with access to the location of registered sex offenders through the lens of augmented reality.” http://www.sexoffendertrackerapp.com/
A Balancing Act Information credibility and authority in a Web2.0 world Ownership of online materials Right to Privacy Freedom of expression Cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism Cyber-bullying
Assessment (1) In the practical, you will be randomly assigned to a group, and to one of the following topics: • Google StreetView (and similar applications) • Sensors to monitor elderly people in their homes • Activist websites – eg- environmental, political. Choose at least one specific example. • UK use of CCTV • Wikileaks Iraq War logs
Assessment (2) • You will take part in an online debate about your allocated topic. • You will either put forward arguments about the advantages or disadvantages of the debate topic, depending on your group.
Assessment (3): What to debate? • Arguments should cover relevant aspects of: • Civil rights in a digital society • Ownership in a digital society • Cyber-crime/ cyber-terrorism/ cyber-bullying • Information credibility and authority in a Web 2.0 world
Some rules.... • You should only argue your allocated side of the argument, even if you do not really agree with it. • You are expected to use grammatically correct English. No text-speak please. • Your arguments should be well thought through, and based in the research that you do on your topic. • Your arguments should only be about the topic. They should be courteous, even if you disagree strongly with someone else's opinion. • You will be marked both on your individual contribution to the debate, and on your support of other students who are taking the same stance as you (ie - positive or negative). Marks will be given for the number and content of your arguments.