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Laws in brief Introduction The information I will be sharing with you came from the text book: Including Students with Special Needs: A practical guide for classroom teachers, 4th edition, By Marilyn Friend and William D. Bursuck Brown v. Board of Education

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Laws in brief


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introduction
Introduction
  • The information I will be sharing with you came from the text book:
  • Including Students with Special Needs: A practical guide for classroom teachers, 4th edition,
  • By Marilyn Friend and William D. Bursuck
brown v board of education
Brown v. Board of Education
  • In 1954, the courts found that it is unlawful to discriminate against any group of people
  • The court introduced the concept of integration into public education
vocational rehabilitation act of 1973
Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  • Specifically Section 504
  • This prevents discrimination against individuals with disabilities
  • Whether they are children in schools or adults in the work place
section 504
Section 504
  • The following are some of the areas in which a 504 can be given:
    • Asthma
    • Extreme Allergies
    • Physical disabilities
    • ADD/ADHD
americans with disabilities act 1990
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
  • It protects all individuals with disabilities from discrimination
  • It requires employers to make reasonable accommodations
  • Such as:
    • Ramps
    • Elevators
    • Automatic doors
education for the handicapped act eha
Education for the Handicapped Act (EHA)
  • In other words PL 94-142 of 1975
  • This law made a lot of changes in the area of Special Education
    • Mandated the concept of least restrictive environment (LRE)
    • Specifically described categories of disabilities
pl94 142 cont
PL94-142 cont.
  • Clarifies related services
  • set out procedures for identifying a student
  • Out lined the rights of parents who disapprove of the educational services offered
pl94 142
PL94-142
  • This has been re-authorized many times
in 1990
In 1990
  • The name of the law was changed to Individuals with disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
    • To reflect the “person first” language, not the disability
    • The term :Handicapped was removed and was replaced with Disability
    • It added Birth to 5
in 1997
In 1997
  • The laws was changed so that a regular education teacher must be on the IEP team
december 2004
December 2004
  • The most recent re-authorization of IDEA is PL 108-446
  • Made more refinements in Special Education
    • Clarified the requirements for being licensed as a special education teacher
pl 108 446 cont
PL 108-446 cont.
  • Stream lined some procedures and paper work
  • Specified that all students must participate in all assessments done by the local school district
no child left behind act of 2001
NO Child Left Behind Act of 2001
  • Is intended to raise academic standards and improve student achievement
  • Basically, every student will be proficient in math and reading by 2014
    • In other words, they want every child at grade level by 2014
no child left behind act of 2001 cont
NO Child Left Behind Act of 2001(cont.)
  • English as a second language students
    • have 3 years of school before they have to take the tests
      • In my district, they take the IMAGE during that time
english as a second language students
English as a second language students
  • It can take 3-5 years for a student to gain social language
  • It can take 5-7 year for this same student to gain school language