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    1. Integrating IT in Education

    2. How IT Helps Education Web Resources Instruction Teacher-centred Learning Student-centred Computer-assisted Learning Stand-alone computers Web-based Integrated WWW Webquest Mindtools

    3. Web Resources Sharing of teaching materials Authentic data Learning Systems

    4. Using PowerPoint Multimedia

    5. Computer-assisted Learning (CAL) e.g. Authorware projects Student-centred activites Individual differences taken care to a certain extent Learning sequence still rigid Delivering of information not much different from lecturing method For training of specific skills

    6. ITS Intelligent Tutoring System AI techniques to simulate human teachers Not comparable to human teachers Training of specific skills Example: Electronic Homework

    7. Inquiry-based Training of Subject-specific knowledge High-order skills like searching, evaluating, synthesizing, problem-solving Examples:

    8. Situated Learning Learning occurs when a learner explores in an authentic situation through social interaction and collaboration

    9. Anchored Learning similar to situated learning but with learning/teaching around an anchor (a situation or a scenario) Example ????? (Video) Jasper

    10. Virtual Labs and Field Trips

    11. Deductive powers, inferential reasoning, testing assumptions, decision making research project: problem-based learning. Texts, images, WWW searching Examples: The Farmer's Bones ?????

    12. WebQuest Inquiry-based Training of high-order abilities besides subject-specific knowledge

    13. Mindtools mental and/or technological devices which support, guide and extend the thinking processes of their users simplifies, rather than complicates the user's tasks aid the construction of knowledge by compensating for three major constraints of the human cognitive system: the limited capacity of human short-term and working memory, the organisation of knowledge in long-term memory, and the learner's use of cognitive strategies. Examples: Concept Maps Spreadsheet

    14. Spreadsheet as Mindtools Why? Constructing a spreadsheet requires deep thinking about relationships and represented as rules E.g., to test a hypothesis

    15. Spreadsheet as Mindtools How? Computational reasoning tools for analyzing data Mathematics comprehension Simulation modelling tools

    16. Computational reasoning tools for analyzing data Offload cognitive effort associated with computations Students consider implications of conditions or options

    17. Mathematics Comprehension Helps identifying relations between variables or developing formulas to interrelate them. Example: rootfind using synthetic division, besection method

    18. Simulation Modeling Tools Simulate the process of the product of different dynamic systems. E.g. Creating and manipulating economic models (e.g., balance of payments, investment,..) Electrical circuit for students to predict the results of changing parameters,

    19. Construction of Spreadsheets in the Classroom Provide a spreadsheet template Students make a plan Students adapt existing spreadsheets or design new ones Students create and complete a problem-oriented spreadsheet Students extrapolate from spreadsheets Students reflect on the activity.

    20. Examples of using Spreadsheet Data Representation The purpose of such an application is to use the different graphic facilities to represent a set of data. Students' role is to collect the data, use Excel to represent the data, and then explain what they can observe. Example: Marks.xls Instruction: UsingExcel1.htm; UsingExcel2.htm Data resources: Hong Kong Economy

    21. Examples of using Spreadsheet Relations The purpose of such an application is use the variables in Excel to show the relationship between two functions. Students' role is to collect the data, find out the value of the function or plot the corresponding graph, and then explain the relationship. Example: correlation.xls Instruction: correlation.htm Other source: Stat.Net Student work sheet Correlation between 2 variables.doc

    22. Examples of using Spreadsheet Inductive Learning The purpose of this activity is to give a number of examples for students to observe, then ask them to induce the conclusion. Students' role is to observe, categorize and then make the conclusion. They are also required to explain why and how they can reach the conclusion. Example: inductive method.xls Instruction: inductive method.htm Student work sheet Inductive Learning Method.doc

    23. Examples of using Spreadsheet Simulation The purpose of this activity is simulate the process of finding a constant or a formulae (e.g., Pi) Students' role is to observe and predict what will happen. They should also be given reasons for their predictions. Example: Find Pi.xls Instruction FindPi.htm Student work sheet Finding Pi Using Excel to Simulate the Process.doc

    24. Examples of using Spreadsheet Predicting terms Purpose of this activity is to design a worksheet that can show a particular term of a sequence Students' role is to predict the term and then verify. They are then required to find out the relationship between consecutive terms and then the general term. Example: sequence.xls

    25. Examples of using Spreadsheet Graph Sketching Purpose of this activity is to plot the graph of a curve with the possibility of changing the coefficients. Students' role is to predict what will happen when some of the coefficients are changed Example: quadequa.xls Instruction: quadequa.htm

    26. Examples of using Spreadsheet What-if Table This activity is to use the What-if table of Excel to demonstrate the possible value of a dependant variable when the independent variables are changed. Students are expected to predict the change of the dependent variable. Example: monthlyrepay.xls Instruction

    27. Examples of using Spreadsheet Probability This shows the chances of getting one of the six events when throwing a die. You enter the number of throws and the computer simulate the die throwing process. Students can be asked to guess the number of outcomes of a certain event (e.g., number of get 5) Example: probability.xls Instruction:probability.htm

    28. Examples of using Spreadsheet

    29. IT in the Hong Kong Classrooms

    30. PowerPoint in the classrooms S6Chemistry (????I) P3 Chinese (????II)

    31. Other Activities in the Classroom Problem-based Learning Social Constructivism Inductive Learning

    32. Using PowerPoint and one computer system ???

    33. Others

    34. Your Task Work in groups Download the evaluation form Pick a video, download and watch it, then discuss with your partners Fill in the evaluation form, you can modify it if needed Present to the whole class

    35. Conclusion Human factors are the most important Knowledge gained versus Students interest Motivated to Learn versus Motivated to Play Subject Knowledge versus Generic Skills Paradigm-shift: Student-centred versus teacher-centred

    36. Topics for investigation About classroom today topics

    37. Reference Virtual Resource Site for Teaching with Technology IT in Education Net, Resource Library Education World Office of Educational Technology Szabo, A. & Hastings, N. (2000). Using IT in the undergraduate classroom: should we replace he blackboard with PowerPoint? Computers & Education 35 (2000) 175-187. Jonassen, D.H. (2000). Computers as Mindtools for Schools. NJ: Merrill.