208 Views

Download Presentation
## Integrating IT in Education

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

**1. **Integrating IT in Education

**2. **How IT Helps Education Web Resources
Instruction Teacher-centred
Learning Student-centred
Computer-assisted Learning
Stand-alone computers
Web-based
Integrated WWW Webquest
Mindtools

**3. **Web Resources Sharing of teaching materials
Authentic data
Learning Systems

**4. **Using PowerPoint
Multimedia

**5. **Computer-assisted Learning (CAL) e.g. Authorware projects
Student-centred activites
Individual differences taken care to a certain extent
Learning sequence still rigid
Delivering of information not much different from lecturing method
For training of specific skills

**6. **ITS Intelligent Tutoring System
AI techniques to simulate human teachers
Not comparable to human teachers
Training of specific skills
Example: Electronic Homework http://www3.fed.cuhk.edu.hk/ehomework

**7. **Inquiry-based
Training of
Subject-specific knowledge
High-order skills like searching, evaluating, synthesizing, problem-solving
Examples:

**8. **Situated Learning Learning occurs when a learner explores in an authentic situation through social interaction and collaboration

**9. **Anchored Learning similar to situated learning
but with learning/teaching around an anchor (a situation or a scenario)
Example
????? (Video)
Jasper

**10. **Virtual Labs and Field Trips

**11. **Deductive powers, inferential reasoning, testing assumptions, decision making
research project: problem-based learning.
Texts, images, WWW searching
http://www.umuc.edu/virtualteaching/module1/collaborative.html
Examples:
The Farmer's Bones
?????

**12. **WebQuest Inquiry-based
Training of high-order abilities besides subject-specific knowledge

**13. **Mindtools mental and/or technological devices which support, guide and extend the thinking processes of their users
simplifies, rather than complicates the user's tasks
aid the construction of knowledge by compensating for three major constraints of the human cognitive system:
the limited capacity of human short-term and working memory,
the organisation of knowledge in long-term memory,
and the learner's use of cognitive strategies.
Examples:
Concept Maps
Spreadsheet

**14. **Spreadsheet as Mindtools Why?
Constructing a spreadsheet requires deep thinking about relationships and represented as rules
E.g., to test a hypothesis

**15. **Spreadsheet as Mindtools How?
Computational reasoning tools for analyzing data
Mathematics comprehension
Simulation modelling tools

**16. **Computational reasoning tools for analyzing data Offload cognitive effort associated with computations
Students consider implications of conditions or options

**17. **Mathematics Comprehension Helps identifying relations between variables or developing formulas to interrelate them.
Example: rootfind using synthetic division, besection method

**18. **Simulation Modeling Tools Simulate the process of the product of different dynamic systems.
E.g.
Creating and manipulating economic models (e.g., balance of payments, investment,..)
Electrical circuit for students to predict the results of changing parameters,

**19. **Construction of Spreadsheets in the Classroom Provide a spreadsheet template
Students make a plan
Students adapt existing spreadsheets or design new ones
Students create and complete a problem-oriented spreadsheet
Students extrapolate from spreadsheets
Students reflect on the activity.

**20. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Data Representation
The purpose of such an application is to use the different graphic facilities to represent a set of data.
Students' role is to collect the data, use Excel to represent the data, and then explain what they can observe.
Example: Marks.xls
Instruction: UsingExcel1.htm; UsingExcel2.htm
Data resources: Hong Kong Economy

**21. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Relations
The purpose of such an application is use the variables in Excel to show the relationship between two functions.
Students' role is to collect the data, find out the value of the function or plot the corresponding graph, and then explain the relationship.
Example: correlation.xls
Instruction: correlation.htm
Other source: Stat.Net http://www.hked-stat.net/common/
Student work sheet Correlation between 2 variables.doc

**22. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Inductive Learning
The purpose of this activity is to give a number of examples for students to observe, then ask them to induce the conclusion.
Students' role is to observe, categorize and then make the conclusion. They are also required to explain why and how they can reach the conclusion.
Example: inductive method.xls
Instruction: inductive method.htm
Student work sheet Inductive Learning Method.doc

**23. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Simulation
The purpose of this activity is simulate the process of finding a constant or a formulae (e.g., Pi)
Students' role is to observe and predict what will happen. They should also be given reasons for their predictions.
Example: Find Pi.xls
Instruction FindPi.htm
Student work sheet Finding Pi Using Excel to Simulate the Process.doc

**24. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Predicting terms
Purpose of this activity is to design a worksheet that can show a particular term of a sequence
Students' role is to predict the term and then verify. They are then required to find out the relationship between consecutive terms and then the general term.
Example: sequence.xls

**25. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Graph Sketching
Purpose of this activity is to plot the graph of a curve with the possibility of changing the coefficients.
Students' role is to predict what will happen when some of the coefficients are changed
Example: quadequa.xls
Instruction: quadequa.htm

**26. **Examples of using Spreadsheet What-if Table
This activity is to use the What-if table of Excel to demonstrate the possible value of a dependant variable when the independent variables are changed.
Students are expected to predict the change of the dependent variable.
Example: monthlyrepay.xls
Instruction

**27. **Examples of using Spreadsheet Probability
This shows the chances of getting one of the six events when throwing a die. You enter the number of throws and the computer simulate the die throwing process.
Students can be asked to guess the number of outcomes of a certain event (e.g., number of get 5)
Example: probability.xls
Instruction:probability.htm

**28. **Examples of using Spreadsheet http://www3.fed.cuhk.edu.hk/ited/ITinEd303/ExcelUse.htm

**29. **IT in the Hong Kong Classrooms

**30. **PowerPoint in the classrooms S6Chemistry (????I)
P3 Chinese (????II)

**31. **Other Activities in the Classroom Problem-based Learning
Social Constructivism
Inductive Learning

**32. **Using PowerPoint and one computer system ???http://www3.fed.cuhk.edu.hk/itteachinggroup/activity_GwongZhouTrip.asp

**33. **Others

**34. **Your Task Work in groups
Download the evaluation form
Pick a video, download and watch it, then discuss with your partners
Fill in the evaluation form, you can modify it if needed
Present to the whole class

**35. **Conclusion Human factors are the most important
Knowledge gained versus Students interest
Motivated to Learn versus Motivated to Play
Subject Knowledge versus Generic Skills
Paradigm-shift: Student-centred versus teacher-centred

**36. **Topics for investigation About classroom today topics http://classroomtoday.classroom.com/TeachersLounge/About/Topics/topicbank.asp

**37. **Reference Virtual Resource Site for Teaching with Technology http://www.umuc.edu/virtualteaching/vt_home.html
IT in Education Net, Resource Library http://itied.net/res/resources.htm
Education World http://www.education-world.com/
Office of Educational Technology http://www.ed.gov/Technology/
Szabo, A. & Hastings, N. (2000). Using IT in the undergraduate classroom: should we replace he blackboard with PowerPoint? Computers & Education 35 (2000) 175-187.
Jonassen, D.H. (2000). Computers as Mindtools for Schools. NJ: Merrill.