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Dr. Keith Bird Kentucky Community and Technical College System June 25, 2009. National dialogue of the role community colleges and Career Pathways play in workforce and economic development Institutional transformation and innovation Internal and external alignment is critical

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dr keith bird kentucky community and technical college system june 25 2009
Dr. Keith Bird

Kentucky Community and Technical College System

June 25, 2009


National dialogue of the role community colleges and Career Pathways play in workforce and economic development

  • Institutional transformation and innovation
    • Internal and external alignment is critical
  • Kentucky’s Implementation of Career Pathways
    • From random acts of collaboration to strategic partnerships

Foundations’ Focus on the Role of CC and the Importance of Business Engagement and Credentials




Mott, etc.

  • Strategies For Postsecondary Success in Educational Attainment (Working Adults and Non-traditional Students)

Importance of attainment

Demand of labor market for skills and credentials

Role of CC for students with no/little PS and younger non-traditional students who face barriers in traditional programs: increase access and new delivery strategies



The National Governors Association “Evidence-Based Education Policy for Tough Budget Times”: How states can use community colleges to spur economic growth.

“Fifty percent of high school graduates begin their postsecondary career in a community college while 65 percent of adults start at a community college. How community colleges can (and do) help the nation increase postsecondary attendance and completion for all students and increase the quality and relevance of courses offered at these institutions.



Washington State Tipping Point Research (2005)

  • Community Colleges: Impact and Function within the American Economy
    • Tony Carnevale, Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce
  • Pathways to Boosting the Earnings of Low-Income Students by Increasing their Educational Attainment
    • Hudson Institute

Tough Choices or Tough Times (National Center on Education and the Economy)

  • The Future of Middle-Skill Jobs (Brookings Institute)
  • From Bologna’s Qualification and Tuning Methodology to Lumina’s Tuning USA
  • The American National Standards Institute
    • New international standard for accreditation process
  • National Association of Manufacturers
    • Manufacturing Skills Certification System (NCRC core foundation to specific manufacturing skills certification)
  • ARRA: Access and Completion

February 09: President Obama identified skills as a key component of economic recovery and called for a commitment to at least one year of training past high school.

  • April 09: [We need] a fundamental rethinking of our job training, vocational education, and community college programs…[to create a] comprehensive policy that addresses our comprehensive challenges.
  • May 09: Career pathway programs are clear sequences of coursework and credentials, each leading to a better job in a particular field, such as healthcare, law enforcement and clean energy. (proposed new Career Pathways Innovation Fund)

“Career Pathways – A Framework for Institutional Transformation and Student Success...Solving the Career Pathways Puzzle”

A presentation by NCWE to the AACC National Convention, April 2009

  • “Charting A Path: An Exploration of the Statewide Career Pathway Efforts in Arkansas, Kentucky, Oregon, Washington and Wisconsin”

Seattle Jobs Initiative, May 2009

  • College and Career Transitions Initiative – League for Innovation

Blueprint for American Prosperity America’s Community Colleges: A Federal Policy to Expand Opportunity and Promote Economic Prosperity (Brookings Policy Brief May 2009)

America’s Challenge

Limitations of Existing Federal Policy

A New Federal policy: new goals/performance measurement system/student data systems

double support/stimulate innovation



    • Accelerated learning and student success to meet business/labor market needs
    • New models of business engagement
    • Create a system of multi-level industry based certifications/credentials (DACUM/Delphi)
    • Commitment to sector-based Career Pathway Frameworks and Focus on “Pipeline” and Career Transitions
    • Competencies Matter: Modularization (“chunking” curriculum)
      • Fractional credit
      • Student Mastery/Formative and Summative Assessment
    • Award college credit for business training
    • Eliminate silos: External and Internal




CEO Dialogue Sessions

December 2006 - May 2007

302 Business &

Industry Leaders

17 Sessions Across the Commonwealth



    • KCTCS will re-engineer its workforce education and training divisions to be more responsive to the needs of business and industry
  • Focus areas:
    • Commitment to a Career Pathway Sector Strategy
    • Foster KCTCS collaboration across agencies and institutions, with focus on industry sectors:
      • Healthcare
      • Transportation
      • Energy
      • Environmental jobs

Career Pathways industry-driven, sector-based strategies

  • Business/sector partnerships
    • Siemens – mechatronics/multi-skilled technician education
    • Advanced Automotive Manufacturing-AMTEC
    • Coal industry
    • Horse industry (NARA)
    • Healthcare industry
    • Finance
    • Utilities
  • Public Workforce system (WIBs/One Stops)
  • P-20/Pipeline Strategies
    • STEM
  • Economic Development
    • Bluegrass State Skills Corporation
    • Dept. of Innovation and Commercialization
  • Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation

24/7, open entry, self paced modules

  • Providing credit for prior learning
  • Modules = short units of instruction
    • Award academic credit
    • Stackable for credentials
    • All modules will lead to a credential
    • Competency based
  • Quality assurance for course modules
    • Peer review process
    • Based on quality rubrics and standards
  • Employer centered competencies
    • Toyota and Automotive Collaborative (AMTEC)

Collaborative approach

    • Education and Workforce Development Cabinet
    • Council on Postsecondary Education (CPE)
    • Local WIBs
    • Universities
  • KCTCS ARRA Objectives
    • Coordinate with local WIBs (Career Transition Program)
    • Leverage existing and create new career pathways
    • Focus on competency based, industry driven programs/credentials
    • Streamline admission and financial aid processes
    • Maximize use of KCTCS Online
implementation progress
Implementation Progress
  • Developed White Paper for Gov.’s Kentucky at Work Program
  • Held state and regional forums for priority sectors
  • Identified over 120 short-term, accelerated, high-demand/wage career certificates
  • Worked with state and local WIBS to respond to Dislocated Worker, Adult and Youth Programs
  • Identified Career Transitions Coordinator at each college
implementation progress17
Implementation Progress
  • Developing proposals for state recovery funds with the public universities in the areas of:
    • College Readiness
    • STEM
    • E-Health
    • Technology/Networking
    • Energy
    • Homeland Security
  • Provide weekly updates on collaborative efforts with key stakeholders
  • Developing competitive grants in High Growth and Emerging Industry Sectors (with priority to health and energy related industries
A new national movement…

But what are they – and why

are they so important within the

context of innovation and alignment


Pipeline CP

Re-Entry CP


A new way of doing business!


A systemic framework for developing a series of connected instructional strategies, with integrated work experience, and support services that enables students to combine school and work and advance over time to better jobs and higher levels of education and training. Career pathways are targeted to regional labor markets, focused on employment sectors, and provide a framework for workforce development by integrating the programs and resources of community colleges and other education providers, workforce agencies and social service providers.


Manufacturing Careers Pathway

Plant Manager / Manufacturing Executive



Bachelors Degree and/or Experience (with 2-8 years of experience)

BS in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering Technology

Manufacturing Management and Engineer Positions

$40,000 and up

Other Degree Programs


Associate Degree and/or Experience (with 2-3 years of experience)

  • Manufacturing Degree Programs
  • Associate of Applied Science
  • Manufacturing Engineering Technology (pending approval)
  • Industrial and Engineering Technology – Computer Maintenance
  • Industrial Maintenance Technology
  • General and Occupational Studies
    • Computer Aided Drafting
    • Electrical Technology
    • Machine Tool Technology
    • Welding Technology

Technician (Manufacturing / Engineering / Maintenance / Electrical) First-line Supervisor, Computer Aided Drafting, Machine Operator, Skilled Trade Positions

$23,000 - $36,000


Employability Assessments

Kentucky Employability Certificate (KEC)

Kentucky Manufacturing Skills Standard (KMSS)


HS Diploma / GED

and/or Experience (with 2 years of experience)

Adult Ed

Area Technology Centers

High Schools

Incumbent Workers

One Stop

General Manufacturing and Laborer Positions

Minimum wage – low $20,000s


Entry Points


Manufacturing Engineering Technology degree with Associated Certificates

  • Manufacturing
  • Engineering Technology Core Requirements
  • (10 courses and 2 labs)
  • Electrical Circuits
  • Statics and Strengths of Materials
  • Intro to CAD
  • Manufacturing Processes
  • Intro to Business
  • Co-op Education
  • Production Mgt
  • Manufacturing Capstone
  • Intro to Quality Systems
  • Statistics for Quality I
  • General Education Requirements
  • (10 courses)
  • Intro to College
  • Writing I & II
  • College Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Calculus I OR Elementary Calculus
  • Basic Public Speaking OR Intro to Interpersonal Communications
  • General Physics OR Applied Physics
  • General Psychology
  • Heritage / Humanities elective
  • Elective Courses (6 -8 credit hours for completion of degree)
  • Electives can be chosen from a wide variety of disciplines
  • OR
  • Electives may be chosen is a particular sequence to earn an additional certificate
  • Additional Certificates
  • Earned within the AAS degree by taking elective courses
  • Can also be earned independent of the AAS degree
  • Electronics Tester
  • 2 courses with 2 labs in:
    • Electrical circuits
  • Robotics and Automation Helper
  • 3 courses with 2 labs in:
    • Electrical circuits
    • Fluid Power
  • Exploratory Machining
  • 2 courses in:
    • Machine Tool
  • Quality Control
  • 7 courses (2 electives) in:
    • Intro to CAD
    • Basic Public Speaking OR Intro to Interpersonal Communications
    • College Algebra
    • Metrology / Control Charts
    • Quality Mgt / Statistics / Auditing


Are earned with the General Education and Technical Core Courses

within the AAS degree

Can also be earned independent of the AAS degree

  • Manufacturing Operations Certificate
  • (6 courses)
  • Basic Public Speaking OR Intro to Interpersonal Communications
  • Intro to Business
  • Production Mgt
  • Intro to Quality Systems
  • College Algebra
  • Statistics for Quality I
  • Integrated Manufacturing Technologies Certificate
  • (6 courses with 2 labs)
  • Electrical Circuits
  • Intro to CAD
  • Manufacturing Processes
  • College Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Statics and Strengths of Materials
Not a program, but a systemic framework for a new way of doing business
  • A strategic tool for institutional and instructional transformation
    • Mission integration
  • Policy and funding levers (WIBs)
  • Create a pipeline of skilled workers within a

P-20+ framework

  • An economic development tool focused on industry sectors
A tool to strengthen and formalize connections to business
  • A tool to enhance community strategic partnerships, with particular focus on the public workforce investment system and adult education
  • An upward mobility tool for individuals
  • An accountability tool
All students will enter the workplace
  • Separation of institutional missions in workforce, academic, remediation, student affairs and categorical programs promotes silos with impact on student and employer (and society’s customers)
  • Public policy reinforces these silos; and changes in public policy can improve mission integration
22 Pathways (to date)
    • Allied Health (14)
    • Advanced Manufacturing (3)
    • Construction (2)
    • Transportation (1)
    • Business (2)
  • KY WINS (Workforce Training Incentive Funds) commitment of $6.1M
  • Projected project revenue of $2M
  • Cash and in kind contributions of $9M
Approximately 7,133 students served Fall 2004 to Spring 2008
  • Career Pathways students earned 3,659 credentials since July, 2004:
    • 907 Associate Degrees
    • 487 Diplomas
    • 2,265 Certificates
  • Career Pathway students had a higher retention rate than the KCTCS student population from Fall 2006 to Fall 2007:
    • Career Pathways Students 73%
    • KCTCS population 51%