Flexure Mounts For High Resolution Optical Elements - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Flexure Mounts For High Resolution Optical Elements

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    1. Flexure Mounts For High Resolution Optical Elements Mir Salek Optomechanics Fall 2008

    3. What is a Flexure By definition, flexure is an elastic element which provides controlled motion

    4. Plunging to the Idea

    5. Plunging to the Idea (idea from Yoders book)

    6. Points Equal Compliances -> Keeps the lens centered when temperature changes The spring forces allow the lens to decenter during shocks and return afterwards Minimize stress in optics during shocks Typically stiff tangentionally and axially and compliant radially Uses Kinematic principles to find the location of flexures

    7. High Performance Lens Assembly Tight tolerance alignment Maintain alignment under operational level shock, vibration, pressure, temperature change Retain its alignment upon exposure to survival level of environmental effects Low stress on optics (particularly mirrors)

    8. Advantages of Flexure Mounts Free of slick-slip and friction effects of semi-kinematic design Less hysteresis than rolling or sliding contacts More robust to adverse environment effects such as extreme temperatures, vacuum, and abrasive dust Needs very little maintenance if any * Ideal for space applications

    9. Flexure Material Should provide required compliance within length limitation Should have high dimensional stability for repeated use in time

    10. Flexure Material Should have high fracture toughness Thermal properties to maintain operation with temperature change

    11. Compliance For a given length: Higher RTS ->maximum compliance Reduced tensile strength is the ratio of yield strength to modulus of elasticity.

    12. Dimensional Stability Material instability or room temperature creep can happen at stresses less than micro-yield strength Andreas Beta Law predicts instability with time:

    13. Flexure Design

    14. Basic Flexures: Single Strip Flexure It can be used to guide both translation and rotation The strain is a function of axial preload

    16. In the table L is the flexure length; E is the elastic modulus; I is the moment of inertia; P is the applied axial load; ? is the end slope of the flexure; M is the applied torque; d is the end displacement of the flexure; F is the applied force; .

    17. Strain versus Axial Stress constant force

    18. Basic Flexures: Cross-Strip Rotational Hinge Two single stripped flexures at right angles provide a rotational hinge center of rotation shifts as a function of angle of rotation

    19. Cross-Strip Rotational Hinge: rotation-torque relations

    20. Basic Flexures: Parallel Spring Guide Flexure A pair of parallel single strip guides provides linear translation The range of motion is limited to 1-2mm also the motion is not purely linear and there is a height shift as well

    21. Parallel Spring Guide Flexure: Force-Displacement Relations If the force is not applied at the midpoint, the flexure would tilt as it translates

    22. Basic Flexures: Cruciform Flexure Provides limited rotation in very confined spaces

    23. Basic Flexures: and Tapered Uniform-Stress Cantilever Flexure It is used to provide a small range of translation motion in very confined space

    24. Flexure Mount Example 1

    25. Flexure Mount Example 2

    26. Flexure Mount Example 3

    27. Bipod Flexure Mount

    28. Happy Finals