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Early Inventions. Thread-Spinning Mill. Builder: Samuel Slater Year: 1789 Apprentice in one of Arkwright’s Factories (Great Britain) Produced cotton thread Rapid rate of production. Steamboat. Builder: Robert Fulton Year: 1807 First practical steamboat was called the Clermont

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thread spinning mill
Thread-Spinning Mill
  • Builder: Samuel Slater
  • Year: 1789
  • Apprentice in one of Arkwright’s Factories (Great Britain)
  • Produced cotton thread
  • Rapid rate of production
steamboat
Steamboat
  • Builder: Robert Fulton
  • Year: 1807
  • First practical steamboat was called the Clermont
  • Made traveling on river easier and faster
  • Canals
  • Used for trade and the moving of raw materials
  • First oceangoing steamship wouldn’t be produced until 1850 in Great Britain
cotton gin
Cotton Gin
  • Inventor: Eli Whitney
  • Year: 1794
  • Need for cotton by factories in the North
  • A worker could produce fifty time more cotton fiber
  • Increase of slave labor
  • “Cotton Kingdom:” owners of large plantations
telegraph
Telegraph
  • Inventor: Samuel Morse
  • Year: 1844
  • Revolutionized

communication

  • Morse Code
  • Factories in the East could

now communicate with

markets in the West

metal plow
Metal Plow
  • Inventor: John Deere
  • Year: 1837
  • Blacksmith
  • Tough plains soil could not be plowed by cast iron plows (sticking)
  • Assisted farmers greatly
mechanical reaper
Mechanical Reaper
  • Inventor: Cyrus McCormick
  • Year: 1831
  • Cut wheat many times faster

than a human worker could

  • Enabled farmers to cultivate

more land with fewer workers

  • Great for the prairies of the Midwest
power loom
Power Loom
  • Builder: Francis Lowell
  • Year: 1814
  • Improved versions of English machines
  • Brought spinning and weaving
  • Allowed textile work to be done a lot faster
sewing machine
Sewing Machine
  • Inventor: Elias Howe
  • Year: 1846
  • Made producing clothing efficient
  • Made cloths less expensive so even the lower and middle classes could dress like the wealthier Americans
  • Ties back to cotton
vulcanized rubber
Vulcanized Rubber
  • Inventor: Charles Goodyear
  • Year: 1839
  • Made working with rubber easier (sticking when hot and hard when cold)
  • Removed sulfur and then heated so it would retained its elasticity