Domenico Scarlatti 1685-1757. Alessandro Scarlatti 1660-1725. Da capo aria. A and B sections A section then repeated (“da capo” means literally “from the head”) Performers expected to improvise variations and ornaments during the repeated A section. Queen Anne of Austria.
father of French opera
2 sections, each repeated
a French critic, late 1600s:
Opera is a bizarre affair made up of poetry and music, in which the poet and the musician, each equally obstructed by the other, give themselves no end of trouble to produce a wretched work.
Opera was illegal in Rome in the early 1700s.
an English critic, 1872:
Opera is to be regarded “musically, philosophically, and ethically, as an almost unmixed evil.”