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Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations Enforcement Within a Self-certification Regime Transport Canada Road Safety Directorate Presentation to 130 th WP29, June 25, 2003 Transport Canada Road Safety Directorate Mandate:

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canadian motor vehicle safety regulations enforcement within a self certification regime

Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations Enforcement Within a Self-certification Regime

Transport Canada

Road Safety Directorate

Presentation to 130th WP29, June 25, 2003

transport canada road safety directorate
Transport CanadaRoad Safety Directorate
  • Mandate:
    • To reduce the risk of death, injury and damage to property and the environment caused by motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment.
  • Authority:
    • Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA).
    • Motor Vehicle Transport Act (MVTA).
transport canada road safety directorate4
Transport CanadaRoad Safety Directorate
  • Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA).
    • Regulates the manufacture and importation of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment to reduce the risk of death, injury and damage to the environment.
  • Motor Vehicle Transport Act (MVTA).
    • Regulates the safe operation of extra-provincial bus and truck transport of passengers and goods from one province to another.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Objectives:

  • To regulate and enforce manufacturing and importation requirements for motor vehicles and selected motor vehicle equipment.
  • To conduct research on the impact of vehicles, drivers and highways on road safety, energy consumption and the environment.
  • To promote measures that counter the negative consequences of motor vehicle use.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa6
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)
  • MVSA empowers Transport Canada to issue and enforce safety regulations for application to the manufacture and importation of prescribed classes of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment.
    • Motor vehicle safety regulations (MVSR).
    • Children’s restraint systems and booster

cushions safety regulations (RSSR).

    • Motor vehicle tire safety regulations (MVTSR).
motor vehicle safety act mvsa7
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Prescribed classes of motor vehicles include:

  • Bus.
  • Motorcycle and its sub-classes.
  • Multi-purpose Passenger Vehicle.
  • Passenger Car.
  • Snowmobile.
  • Snowmobile Cutter.
  • Trailer and Trailer converter dolly.
  • Truck.
  • Vehicle Imported Temporarily for Special Purposes.
  • Low Speed Vehicle.
  • Three-wheeled vehicles.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa8
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Prescribed classes of equipment (original equipment and new aftermarket) include:

  • Child restraint systems.
  • Infant restraint systems.
  • Booster cushions.
  • Restraint systems for disabled persons.
  • Restraint systems for infants with special needs.
  • Tires for Passenger Cars.
  • Tires for Other than Passenger Cars.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa9
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Certification of Compliance:

  • Manufacturers are required to certify compliance with all applicable regulations before offering their new vehicles or equipment for sale to the public.(“self-certification”).
  • Affixing of Compliance Label to a vehicle or equipment affirms compliance with applicable regulations.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa10
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)
  • Every vehicle entering the Canadian market must have a Compliance Label permanently affixed to it.
  • In addition, every vehicle and regulated equipment manufactured in Canada for the Canadian market must have an NSM permanently affixed to it.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa11
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Compliance Label.

  • Contains required product information including vehicle identification number.

National Safety Mark (NSM).

  • National trademark of Canada.
  • Minister of Transport authorizes use of NSM and company must make application to use it.
self certification by manufacturers
Self-certification by Manufacturers

Substantiation:

  • A manufacturer’s compliance certification must be substantiated by records of testing, where testing is specified ………
  • Testing can be conducted by manufacturer or on behalf of manufacturer.

-----------------------------------------------------------

  • ……... for the purposes of enabling an inspector to determine whether the vehicle or equipment conforms to all prescribed regulations.
self certification by manufacturers14
Self-certification by Manufacturers

Certification Documentation:

  • Records of testing, where specified, as specified, is the minimum acceptable in law.
  • Production and Quality Assurance procedures and records.
  • Other records in support:
    • Engineering analysis, mathematical modelling, computer simulations recognized as valuable in development cycle.
self certification by manufacturers15
Self-certification by Manufacturers

Certification Documentation:

Engineering analysis etc.are acceptable as:

  • A supplement to baseline (specified) testing to rationalize scope and range.
    • If reasonable.
    • If practicable.
  • However, they are not a surrogate for specified tests.
enforcement through selective compliance monitoring
Enforcement Through Selective Compliance Monitoring

Designated inspectors administer and enforce regulations to ensure;

  • Manufacturers are meeting their responsibilities under the MVSA.
  • Vehicles and equipment conform to applicable safety performance and fitment requirements, as prescribed.

--------------------------------------------------------

  • By means of Selective Compliance Monitoring.
enforcement through selective compliance monitoring17
Enforcement Through Selective Compliance Monitoring
  • Selective compliance monitoring is a safety enforcement programme, targeting and assessing both company and product performance to the applicable provisions of the MVSA and MVSR, underpinned by the Criminal Code of Canada.
  • It is not a consumer information programme rating individual products.
enforcement through selective compliance monitoring18
Enforcement Through Selective Compliance Monitoring
  • Transport Canada does not certify, approve rate or endorse any motor vehicle or motor vehicle product.
  • The presence of a particular vehicle or equipment model in our enforcement programme cannot be construed as either a concern or an endorsement by Transport Canada.
enforcement through selective compliance monitoring19
Enforcement Through Selective Compliance Monitoring
  • Enforcement Stratagem:
    • Direct energies towards ensuring correction of non-compliances or safety-related defects, not on punitive action.
    • Educate small manufacturers/importers and public on regulatory requirements.
    • Adjust surveillance levels depending on safety risk.
    • Apply administrative sanctions first (NSM authorization revocation, customs interdiction and detention, removal of registration plates through Provinces, etc).
    • Search and seize in support of prosecution as necessary.
enforcement through selective compliance monitoring20
Enforcement through Selective Compliance Monitoring

Independent surveillance programmes comprise:

  • Compliance enforcement testing:
    • A selective sampling of new vehicles and regulated equipment purchased on the retail market.
  • Compliance certification audits and inspections:
    • A selective sampling of representative test records, and on-site inspections of test and production facilities, and QC procedures.
  • Defect Investigation and Analysis:
    • A responsive programme assessing public complaints, accident and defect reports, and recall initiatives.
selective compliance monitoring
Selective Compliance Monitoring.

Which Vehicle ? Which Test?

What Company? What Info?

  • Random Sampling.
  • Statistical Sampling.
  • Selective Sampling.
selective compliance monitoring22
Selective Compliance Monitoring

Selection Matrix Criteria:

  • Sales/market size.
  • Prior history.
    • Transport Canada.
    • U.S. NHTSA.
  • Accident/defect investigations.
  • Public complaints.
  • New model/new technologies.
  • New company.
  • Product knowledge.
selective compliance monitoring23
Selective Compliance Monitoring

Targeted Enforcement:

  • Based on selection matrix criteria and other external factors.

Responsive Enforcement;

  • Based on compliance enforcement testing, audit or inspection issues.
selective compliance monitoring24
Selective Compliance Monitoring

Enforcement Outcome:

  • A failure to meet prescribed requirements may be deemed to be a non-compliance and a safety-related defect subject to the Notice of Defect reporting provisions.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa25
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Notice of Defect Provisions.

  • On becoming aware of a defect in the design, construction or functioning of a vehicle or regulated equipment that affects or is likely to affect the safety of any person, the company responsible for this product must give prescribed notification to:
    • The Minister.
    • The person who has obtained such vehicle or equipment from the company.
    • The current owner of record.
motor vehicle safety act mvsa26
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA)

Notice of Defect Provisions.

  • Required Notice of Defect shall contain:
    • Description of defect.
    • An evaluation of the safety risk arising from the defect.
    • Directions for correcting it.

Note:

    • While a product recall is not mandatory, market pressures and public liability laws would suggest corrective action is prudent after public notification of defect.
enforcement through selective compliance monitoring27
Enforcement Through Selective Compliance Monitoring

The regulated motor vehicle industry in Canada:

  • 3500+ Companies manufacture or import vehicles or equipment subject to MVSA.
  • 200+ Vehicle model line variants manufactured or imported for the Canadian market each year.
  • 1.6 million new vehicles sold in Canada each year. (95% from 24 major automotive firms).
  • 40k private vehicle importations into Canada.