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Background Radiation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Background Radiation. Radiation is everywhere. Cosmic. Inhaled Radon. Bodies. Plants. Radioactive Elements. Rocks. We live in a sea of radiation …. BACKGROUND RADIATION.

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Presentation Transcript
radiation is everywhere
Radiation is everywhere

Cosmic

Inhaled Radon

Bodies

Plants

Radioactive Elements

Rocks

We live in a sea of radiation…

background radiation3
BACKGROUND RADIATION

The average background radiation per person is 370 millirems (mrem) per year. This varies widely depending on where someone lives, and their occupation, health and lifestyle.

slide4

Background Radiation

Most background radiation is natural.It is part of nature.It has always been here.People have always lived with it.
radiation comes from space sun and cosmic rays
Radiation comes from space- sun and cosmic rays

Because this type of radiation is somewhat shielded by the atmosphere, the dose is higher at higher altitudes

background radiation exposure at different elevations
Background Radiation Exposure at Different Elevations

427 Ft

5,280 Ft

10,157 Ft

-282 Ft

Every 200 feet increase in altitude increases dose 1 mrem/year

Every 800 feet increase in altitude increases dose 4 mrem/year

slide7
Radiation comes from the earthSome rocks, like Uranium are radioactive. So are coal and some building materials such as granite.

The natural radiation from the granite in Grand Central Station is higher than is allowed to certify a nuclear power plant.

slide8

Radon is a radioactive gas that comes from inside the earthUsually radon escapes into the air in very small amounts and does not hurt us. However, sometimes radon can get trapped in buildings. Then there is more radiation than is healthy for us.

cells in our body contain radioactive elements such as potassium which come from the food we eat

Milk

Cells in our body contain radioactive elements, such as Potassium, which come from the food we eat
background radiation11
Background Radiation

Radioactive elements in our bodies

slide12

Man-made Background Radiation

Other radiation is man-made. Radiation from X-rays, medical isotopes, televisions, smoke detectors, nuclear fuel, and weapons fallout are all man-made sources of radiation.

slide13

Normal annual exposure from natural radiation

About300 mrem/yr

  • Radon gas 200 mrem
  • Human body 40 mrem
  • Rocks, soil 28 mrem
  • Cosmic rays 27 mrem

About 70 mrem/yr

  • Medical procedures 53 mrems
  • Consumer products 10 mrems
  • One coast to coast airplane flight 2 mrems
  • Watching color TV 1 mrem
  • Sleeping with another person 1 mrem
  • Weapons test fallout less that 1 mrem
  • Nuclear industry less than 1 mrem

Normal annual exposure from man-made radiation

background radiation14
Background Radiation

The body does not distinguish between natural and man-made. Neither natural nor man-made background radiation has been shown to be harmful. The body has developed repair mechanisms to deal with negative effects of background radiation.