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Today

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Today

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  1. Today • Papua New Guinea & the Pacific realm (Oceania)

  2. Announcements • Second papers due Friday! • None accepted after 5 PM Friday • No emailed papers accepted • Stapled, please • Final Exam 12 noon Monday here • Review session 7 PM, 220 Saunders

  3. Last Time • Australia & New Zealand • Physical Geography • Population and density issues • Historical, economic, and cultural • Immigration and Maori & Aboriginal rights

  4. Papua New Guinea & Oceania I • Size, location, and etc • Micro states (thousands of islands and many states) • Spread over thousands of miles of the Pacific • Pacific ~ a hemisphere it self virtually ½ the globe • Total land area is small • Islands <4 x NC • Total area ~ 18x NC • Small pop • Total ~ = NC; > 1/2 in Papua New Guinea

  5. Papua New Guinea & Oceania II • Physical geography • Tropical/equatorial wet (AF - AM) or tropical wet/dry climates (Am) • Aside from New Guinea, 2 island types “high” and “low” (i.e., volcanic mountainous islands or low coral reef islands) • Papua New Guinea has large mtn. range

  6. High Volcanic islands

  7. Low Atoll islands

  8. Original settlement & Colonial past • Initial settlement • Over 3000 yrs from 2500 BC • European voyages of “discovery” • 1600s – 1700s • Complex colonial histories for most • Many still colonial possessions • France • USA

  9. International Law of the Sea • Territorial waters vs “high seas” • For most = 12 miles • Used to be “cannon shot” distance ~ 3 miles • Exclusive Economic Zones • 200 miles or width of the continental shelf (whichever is larger) from shore • Thus an tiny atoll can claim economic rights (minerals & fishing etc.) to an area 200 miles across (166,000 sq mi)

  10. John Wiley & Sons.

  11. Melanesia • Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji • Some ethnic and linguistic commonality but hundreds of languages • Papua New Guinea • New Caledonia • Fiji

  12. Fiji

  13. Micronesia • Mostly micro-sized low islands • Former UN sponsored USA trust area from former Japanese holdings from WWI • Marshall Islands • Open air H-bomb nuclear tests in 1950s • Bikini: the article of clothing got its name from the island in the 1950s when the H-bomb tests occurred there • Much USA aid

  14. Micronesia • Northern Mariana Islands • Commonwealth of USA (like Puerto Rico) • Large clothing industry using Chinese labor (“made in USA”) • Guam • USA territory • Large US military presence • Similar “made in USA” clothing industry

  15. Polynesia • Hawaii to N. New Zealand • Samoa, Tahiti, Hawaii, etc. • Amazingly wide spread culture • Tourism is main industry