Chapter 8. Water and Minerals: The Ocean Within. Water and Minerals. Minerals Naturally occurring Inorganic Homogenous Chemical elements Major minerals Essential nutrients Found in the body in amounts exceeding 5 grams Trace minerals Essential nutrients
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With death all that we leave behind is about 5 pounds of minerals
Almost a Universal solvent
Body’s cleansing agent
EPA is responsible for ensuring that public water systems meet minimum standards for protection of public health
What are the salts??????
How much does the pH of the blood vary?????
(Dissolved in the blood, carbon dioxide forms carbonic acid)
Fasting or severe diarrhea in children with kwashiorkor and people with eating disorders are thought to be due to heart failure caused by potassium loss
Role of trace elements – often unknown
Result of absorption not compensating for losses or low dietary intakes
Iron deficiency anemia
Depletion of iron stores resulting in low blood hemoglobin
Influences the activity of many enzymes
Functions as a part of several metal-containing enzymes
Works with dozens of different enzymes
An excess of one may cause a deficiency of another
A deficiency of one mineral may cause another to have a toxic reaction
Food Feature: Meeting the Need for Calcium
More than 28 million people in the U.S. suffer from osteoporosis
As bone loss continues and osteoporosis progresses
Vertebrae may disintegrate, wrists may break, teeth may loosen or fall out, breaks often occur in the hip
Your genes may provide an inherited tendency for strong or weak bones
Do weight bearing activities and exercise!!!!!
There is research associated with the effects of each of these substances and their possible link to osteoporosis
Not clear if elevated levels contribute to osteoporosis or if it exist as an innocent bystander