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Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821). The Life and Career of Napoleon Bonaparte of France. Introduction . Early Life Reasons for Napoleon’s Success Napoleon’s Domestic Policies, 1800-1815 Principles of Napoleonic Warfare Napoleon’s Foreign Policy, 1800-1815 Impact of Napoleon on History.

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napoleon bonaparte 1769 1821

Napoleon Bonaparte(1769-1821)

The Life and Career of Napoleon Bonaparte of France

introduction
Introduction
  • Early Life
  • Reasons for Napoleon’s Success
  • Napoleon’s Domestic Policies, 1800-1815
  • Principles of Napoleonic Warfare
  • Napoleon’s Foreign Policy, 1800-1815
  • Impact of Napoleon on History
napoleon s early life
Napoleon’s Early Life.
  • Youth in Corsica, minor nobility.
  • Military education: Royal Military Academy of Brienne-la-Chateau age 9
  • Royal Military Academy Paris age 15
  • Artillery focus at school
  • Sympathy for the Revolution
  • Defender of the Convention; fires on protesters
early life
Early Life
  • Military Campaigns:
  • Italy, 1796-1797; defeats Austria
  • Egypt, 1797; army defeated by Britain’s Lord Nelson
  • Marriage to Josephine, 1796
  • Gains control over France’s Directory government, (1795-1799)
  • Declares himself First Consul for life
  • 1804: Declares himself Emperor
reasons for napoleon s success
Reasons for Napoleon’s Success
  • Political Leadership: Unity of Political and Military Power
  • Ideals of Nation, Glory, and Destiny
  • Strengths as a Military Figure:
  • Personal Leadership and Charisma
  • Ability to hurl huge armies at the enemy
  • Brilliant strategic and tactical thinking
napoleon as military figure
Napoleon as Military Figure
  • Directing the energies of the French Revolution outward, to grand wars of conquest
  • Focus of the army on himself
napoleon s domestic policies
Napoleon’s Domestic Policies
  • Centralization of government
  • System of patronage
  • New administrative and legal uniformity
  • The Napoleonic Code
  • Education
  • Secret Police
  • reimposition if Slavery
principles of napoleonic warfare
Principles of Napoleonic Warfare
  • Offensive: always the first to attack
  • Mobility: speed and movement of troops
  • Surprise: catching the enemy off guard
  • Concentration: tight grouping of forces
  • Protection: effective defensive tactics
napoleon s foreign policy
Napoleon’s Foreign Policy
  • 1805-1807: decisively defeats Austria, Prussia, and Russia
  • 1805: Trafalgar, Oct 21; Austerlitz, Dec 2
  • 1806: Imposition of the Continental System
  • 1808: Spain incorporated into the empire, faces resistance
  • 1809: Austria defeated at Wagram
the invasion of russia
The Invasion of Russia
  • 1812: Napoleon leads an army of 600,000 into Russia in June
  • Russian army refuses to fight: “Scorched Earth Policy”
  • September: Battle of Borodino--90,000 casualties.
  • October: Napoleon occupies Moscow
  • December: Retreat from Russia--less than 100,000 return
the end of napoleon
The End of Napoleon
  • 1814: Formation of the Grand Alliance against Napoleon; Battle of Leipzig (Battle of Nations); invasion of France and expulsion of Napoleon to the island of Elba
  • 1815: Napoleon returns: reformation of the Grand Army; Defeated by Wellington at Waterloo, 18 June 1815
  • 1821: Dies on Saint Helena
napoleon and history
Napoleon and History
  • Doctrine of the Rights of Man spread across Europe
  • Economic life rationalized: free from local authorities and local weights and measures
  • National Law formed basis for economic activity
  • Nationalism unleashed
  • Congress of Vienna