COSMETOLOGY: THE HISTORY AND OPPORTUNITIES. What is a Cosmetologist?. In your group, list all of the qualities and skills that you believe are required of a cosmetologist. DID YOUR GROUP GUESS…. Advise giver Professional expert in practical skills areas Artistic Designer Creator
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THE HISTORY AND
In your group, list all of the qualities and skills that you believe are required of a cosmetologist.
Professional expert in practical skills areas
Poised and well groomed
Being current with trends and technologies
In your group, list on flip chart paper all of the occupations you believe are included in the Cosmetology profession.
For some, you will need to think “outside of the box”
I am responsible for my own education
* nail technology
Greek word: kosmetikos
Means: skilled in the use of cosmetics
Latin word: barba
Means: the beard or the hair of the beard.
1. What services can a cosmetologist perform?
2. List four qualities a cosmetologist should have.
3. Explain the origin of the word cosmetology . (Include detail)
Reveal that haircutting and hairstyling were practiced as early as the glacial age
Berries Bark of trees
Leaves And other materials
* minerals, insects, and berries to create makeup for their eyes, lips,
* henna to stain the hair and nails a rich, warm red
* first civilization to use
essential oils for
Womensnet.com/about hair history
***Egyptian and Roman women temporarily waved their hair by applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun
***In Africa, hair was groomed with intricately carved combs and adorned with beads, clay and colored bands
**Prior to 3000 B.C. nail care is recorded in Egypt and China
used white lead on faces, kohl on eyes and vermillion on cheeks and lips
the men of that time
The Barber Pole-symbol of the barber-surgeon, has its roots from the bloodletting procedure that was once thought to strengthen the immune system
3.White bandages stop blood; the bandages used to stop the bleeding were hung on the staff to dry.
The stained bandages would twist around the pole forming the red/white candy-cane pattern.
Another interpretation is that the red represented the blood, blue the veins, and white the bandages.
Barbers still use the symbol today.
to preserve the health and beauty of the skin, women used beauty masks made from natural ingredients
Jean Harlow 1930’s
Elizabeth Taylor 1950’s
Madam C.J. Walker
1931, preheat method was introduced-hair was wrapped in the croquinole method
1932, a method that used external heat generated by chemical reaction was introduced
1941, scientists developed waving lotion that did not require heat-called cold wave
today, the term “texture service” is used to describe the variety of permanent wave services available for different hair types and conditions
1970’s highlighting techniques of “hair weaving” using aluminum foil
1980’s heavy use of eye make-up and blush…and really BIG HAIR, just ask Mrs. Kucas
1990’s haircolor became gentler, allowing everyone to be able to color their hair without breakage
***nail art also entered the seen by the 1990’s
***haircoloring in the twentieth century has become a multibillion-dollar industry of professional products!!!!!!!
***the huge growth in day spas has also been a significant development
*** the domain of cosmetology has changed dramatically . All the new services and skills have transformed and expanded the role of cosmetologists, requiring them to know more than ever and to make continuing education a necessity
men’s-only specialty shops and barber spas have gained popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists
Texture Service Specialist-specializes in all chemical texture services
~ training others
~ work for manufacturer
Cutting specialist-dedicated interest in learning various cutting styles and techniques
Salon trainer-manufacturer’s and salon chains hire experienced salon professionals and train them to train others
Distributor sales consultant-salon employees rely on product distributors to learn about new products, new trends, and new techniques to stay current with the market
Cosmetology instructor-many instructors had fantastic careers in the salon before they decided to dedicate themselves to teaching new professionals the tricks of the trade
Educating new cosmetologists can be very trying, but it can also be some of the most rewarding work a person can do
***Salon Stylist- performs all services offered in a salon. Could be asked to handle any number of tasks and duties in the salon
***Wig or Extensions Specialist-change the length , texture and color by adding extensions, through braiding, weaving, bonding, gluing, or sewing. Wigs, especially for people who experience hair loss. Or a men’s hair replacement specialist
***Skin Care Specialist/Esthetician-offers treatments to perfect the look and health of the skin. Also trained to do makeup. With specialized training, you can work with Dermatologists to provide various treatments for problematic skin
Many will own their own business
***Makeup Artist-able to blend, shade, and create any image. Work with a private clientele, become a makeup director for a department store, represent a line of cosmetics, work in TV or film, fashion magazines, theater, independent freelancer
***Nail Technician/Manicurist-provide clients with manicures and pedicures, nail art, artificial nail services
***Day Spa Stylist or Technician-all salon services plus treatments like body massage, body wraps, hydrotherapy. A day spa may be the ideal professional environment for you
***Salon Manager- is a leader, helps team members achieve their goals through training, and development, counseling, and coaching. Job includes purchasing, personnel development, advertising, sales, budgeting, and people skills
***Salon Owner-has responsibilities and challenges. You set a standard for the quality of service you bring to the workplace. You make the decisions of products and services. You handle the business end, paying bills, payroll, taxes, etc.
***Product Educator-must possess good communication skills, people skills, and a dynamic image, poised, good at listening, observing, and speaking to groups. Travel is a must
***Cosmetic Chemist-you can work for cosmetic manufacturers, become a consultant for several companies, be on a panel that studies products. Further education may be required
***Session Stylist-stylist for hair and makeup for models being photographed for magazines or books
work with celebrities.
***Styles Director/Artistic Director-works with videographers, fashion magazines, publishing companies, etc. to create the right look
***Design Team Member-creates presentations for fashion shows, runway work, hair shows, etc. Be on the cutting edge of fashion and design
***Platform Artist-on stage, performing for people, sharing knowledge and traveling. Demonstrates current trends and techniques. Salon experience is a must
***Competition Champion- “the best” display their individual talents and techniques. Often establishes their own salon, works as trainers, and sets a high standard for pricing
***Educator-work as an educational consultant for a product manufacturer, educator in the private or vocational sector, school director. Should have patience, people skills, communication skills, and energy
***Writer-for articles, books, brochures, produce videos. Work for a publishing company
***State Board Member-take a proactive role in the regulatory issues affecting the cosmetology industry. You could also become a state board examiner or a state board inspector
* enroll in business classes to learn about managing:
make each day in school positively impact your future, focus on your studies, subscribe and read professional publications