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COSMETOLOGY: THE HISTORY AND OPPORTUNITIES. What is a Cosmetologist?. In your group, list all of the qualities and skills that you believe are required of a cosmetologist. DID YOUR GROUP GUESS…. Advise giver Professional expert in practical skills areas Artistic Designer Creator

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slide1
COSMETOLOGY:

THE HISTORY AND

OPPORTUNITIES

slide2
What is a Cosmetologist?

In your group, list all of the qualities and skills that you believe are required of a cosmetologist.

slide3
DID YOUR GROUP GUESS…

Advise giver

Professional expert in practical skills areas

Artistic

Designer

Creator

Trustworthy

slide4
Businessperson

Self-promoter

Poised and well groomed

Effective communicator

Being current with trends and technologies

Good listener

slide5
In your group, list on flip chart paper all of the occupations you believe are included in the Cosmetology profession.

For some, you will need to think “outside of the box”

slide6
Add:

I am responsible for my own education

slide7
Cosmetology includes:

* hairstyling

* nail technology

* esthetics

Curly-hairstyles.blogspot.com

Caofb.com/esthetics

Coolnaolsart.com/bubbles

slide8
Cosmetology:

Greek word: kosmetikos

Means: skilled in the use of cosmetics

Barber:

Latin word: barba

Means: the beard or the hair of the beard.

slide9
Review

1. What services can a cosmetologist perform?

2. List four qualities a cosmetologist should have.

3. Explain the origin of the word cosmetology . (Include detail)

slide10
Archeological studies:

Reveal that haircutting and hairstyling were practiced as early as the glacial age

  • Implements Used:
  • Sharpened flints
  • Oyster shells
  • Bone
  • Animal sinew
  • Strips of hide
slide11
Color matter made from:

Berries Bark of trees

Minerals Insects

Nuts Herbs

Leaves And other materials

Danielmeissler.com

Takegreatpictures.com

slide12
Ancient Egyptians:
  • The first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant fashion
  • ***Barbers serviced the nobility and the priesthood over 6,000 years ago
slide13
Charismaallover.wordpress.com

Sheniquemag.blogspot.com

slide14
first to use:
  • * cosmetics as part of their personal beautification habits
  • * in religious ceremonies
  • * preparing the deceased for burial
slide15
3000 B.C.

* minerals, insects, and berries to create makeup for their eyes, lips,

and skin

* henna to stain the hair and nails a rich, warm red

* first civilization to use

essential oils for

perfume/purification purposes

Mnsu.edu

Womensnet.com/about hair history

Americanaromatherapy.com

slide16
created kohl makeup
  • *mixture of ground galena (a black mineral)
  • * sulfur
  • * animal fat

Makeupweb.guide.com

slide17
* used to heavily line the eyes
  • * alleviate eye inflammations
  • * protect the eyes from the glare of the sun
  • In ancient Egypt and Rome, military commanders stained their nails and lips in matching colors before important battles
slide18
Chinese
  • 1600 B.C. aristocrats
  • * rubbed tinted mixtures onto their nails
  • * turned crimson or ebony
  • 1100 B.C.
  • * gold and silver were royal colors
  • * commoners caught wearing a royal nail color faced a punishment of death
slide19
***Egyptian and Roman women temporarily waved their hair by applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun

***In Africa, hair was groomed with intricately carved combs and adorned with beads, clay and colored bands

slide20
FYI:

**Prior to 3000 B.C. nail care is recorded in Egypt and China

  • color of a persons nails was a sign of rank:
  • high social rank: red-orange henna
  • kings and queens: deep red
  • people of lower rank: pale colors
  • in China, nails were painted red or black
slide21
GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE (500 B.C.)
  • hairstyling became a highly developed art
  • used perfumes and cosmetics in religious rites, in grooming, and for medicinal purposes
  • developed excellent method
  • of dressing the hair and
  • caring for the skin and nails

Karenswhimsy.com

slide22
mangatutorials.com

Stcatherinesprimary.co.uk

Karenswhimsy.com

slide23
used white lead on faces, kohl on eyes and vermillion on cheeks and lips
  • vermillion
    • bright red pigment by grinding
    • cinnabar
    • ~ a mineral that is the chief source of mercury
  • The fine powder was mixed with ointment or dusted on the skin in the same way as cosmetics are applied today

Margretshort.typepad.com

slide24
ROME (296 B.C.)
  • facials of milk, bread and fine wine were popular
  • mixture of chalk and lead used for facial cosmetic
  • hairstyling services introduced; women used hair color to indicate class in society as follows:
  • - noblewomen: red hair
  • - middle-class women: blonde
  • - poor women: black
slide25
Julius Caesar 101-44 BC
  • had his face tweezed everyday
  • this started a trend among

the men of that time

www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/descent/p...

slide26
Explore-italian-culture.com

Roman-colosseum.info

Crystallyn.vox.vom

Digonsite.com

Eternallycool.net

slide27
Middle ages
  • included towering headdresses, intricate hairstyles, and cosmetics
  • around 1000 A.D. an alchemist refined the process of steam distillation which is still used to create essentials oils today
  • ***Vocabulary word:
  • Alchemy-pre-scientific chemistry, usually with fluids, juices and the elixir of longevity.
slide28
Usiweb.usi.edu

Edarlein.deviantart.com

Herstoria.com

slide29
Renaissance
  • transition from medieval to modern history
  • shaved eyebrows and hairline-thought to give the women a look of greater intelligence
  • highly colored cosmetics were
  • discouraged.

Wholesale.garison.com

slide30
Press.princeton.edu

Abeautyglorious.blogspot.com

2.ivcc.rdu

slide31
Barbering and Medicine

The Barber Pole-symbol of the barber-surgeon, has its roots from the bloodletting procedure that was once thought to strengthen the immune system

  • Pole = the staff; patients held a staff tightly in order for the veins in the arm to stand out.
  • Bottom = basin; basin was the vessel that caught the blood.
slide33
3.White bandages stop blood; the bandages used to stop the bleeding were hung on the staff to dry.

The stained bandages would twist around the pole forming the red/white candy-cane pattern.

Another interpretation is that the red represented the blood, blue the veins, and white the bandages.

Barbers still use the symbol today.

slide34
Victorian Age
  • FYI: many changes in hair care
  • Add:
  • 1875; Frenchman, Marcel Grateau, developed hot irons for waving and curling the hair. Known today as marcel waving

Purespadirect.com

Jiunlimites.com

slide35
1892; Frenchman, Alexander F. Godefroy, invented a
  • hot-blast hair dryer
  • 1890; First hairdressing academy opening in Chicago by Frenchman, Bribois and Federmeyer.

Probeautykit.com

slide36
to preserve the health and beauty of the skin, women used beauty masks made from natural ingredients
  • pinched their cheeks and bit their lips to colorize rather than use cosmetics
slide37
The Twentieth Century
  • shift in American attitudes caused by the movie industry
  • viewers wanted the flawless complexions, beautiful hairstyles, manicured nails, changing the standards of feminine beauty
  • beauty began to follow trends
slide38
Vivien Leigh 1940’s

Jean Harlow 1930’s

Elizabeth Taylor 1950’s

Newhotstuff.net

slide39
1901-1910
  • Max Factor began making and selling makeup to movie stars that would not cake or crack, even under the hot studio lights

Rubylane.com

Onlineauction.com

slide40
History of Permanent Waving
  • 1905, Charles Nessler invented heavily wired machine that supplied electrical current to metal rods around which hair strands were wrapped
  • units were heated
  • kept away from the scalp by counterbalancing weights suspended from an overhead chandelier mounted to a stand
slide42
Two methods were used to wind hair strands around the metal units:
  • Spiral wrap: long hair was wound from scalp to ends
  • Croquignole wrap: for short hair, wound from ends to scalp.
slide43
Success story of the cosmetology industry

Madam C.J. Walker

  • daughter of a former slave
  • born Sarah Breedlove in 1867
  • during the 1890’s she suffered from a scalp condition and began to lose her hair.
  • she experimented with store-bought products and home-made remedies

Inventors.about.com

slide44
invented hair grower scalp conditioner
  • devised sophisticated sales and marketing strategies and traveled extensively giving product demonstrations
  • built a factory, hair salon and training school
  • by developing more products her empire grew

1929

www.scott.k12.va.us/rita/51757_2.JPG

slide45
gave time and money to organizations like NAACP and the YMCA
  • organized the first national meetings for businesswomen
  • pioneer of the modern black hair care and cosmetic industry

Scribalterror.blogs.com

Urbanstages.org

slide46
1920’s
  • cosmetic industry grew rapidly
  • ad’s expenditures in radio alone went from $390,000.00 to $3.2 million by the end of the decade

Digitalhistory.uh.edu

Vintagepowderroom.com

slide47
1931, preheat method was introduced-hair was wrapped in the croquinole method
  • clamps heated by a separate electrical machine were place over the wound curls

Dehaarsite.nl

slide48
1932, a method that used external heat generated by chemical reaction was introduced
  • small flexible pads containing a chemical mixture were wound around hair strands
  • pads moistened with water released a chemical heat creating long-lasting curls
  • machineless permanent wave was born
slide49
1932
  • Revlon marketed the first nail polish (not stain) using formulas borrowed from the car paint industry
  • dramatic shift in nail cosmetics
  • array of nail lacquer colors available
  • early screen stars started the trend of wearing these colors on their fingers and toes

Quirkyfinds.com

slide50
1932-Clairol created permanent haircolor
  • 1938 the cold wave was invented that used no machine or heat
  • considered to be the precursor to the modern perm

Library.duke.edu

Ebay.com

slide51
1941, scientists developed waving lotion that did not require heat-called cold wave
  • replaced all predecessors and competitors
  • terms “cold wave” and “permanent wave” became almost the same meaning

Modernlab.com

slide52
today, the term “texture service” is used to describe the variety of permanent wave services available for different hair types and conditions

Just-hairstyles.com

Hairstyles-pictures.com

slide53
1951-2000
  • introduction of tube mascara,
  • improved hair care,
  • and nail products

Southportbeautysalon.com

Nailsupplywebsite.com

slide54
boom and death of the
  • weekly salon
  • appointment

Flickr.com

slide55
1960’s-Vidal Sassoon’s revolutionary geometric haircuts

Discoveringhair.wordpress.com

Ladybear.gaia.com

Campuscircle.net

slide56
1970’s highlighting techniques of “hair weaving” using aluminum foil

Tpcs-auction.org

Zebrahairandbeauty.com

slide57
1980’s heavy use of eye make-up and blush…and really BIG HAIR, just ask Mrs. Kucas
  • ***physical fitness, nutrition, day spas

Images.mix.com

Moviedearest.blogspot.com

slide58
1990’s haircolor became gentler, allowing everyone to be able to color their hair without breakage

Hairsandiego.com

Pitchengine.com

Hairstyle-blog.com

slide59
1998-Creative Nail Design introduced the first spa pedicure

***nail art also entered the seen by the 1990’s

Yelp.com

Looklocally.com

slide60
Nailartgallery.com

Breakforfunzarke.net

Kaskus.us

slide61
21st Century
  • gentle-no fade hair colors
  • estheticians rejuvenate the face and keep sunspots, and mild acne under control
  • specialization became popular-hair colorist, hair cutting specialist, nail technician, etc, providing a full array of services
slide62
***haircoloring in the twentieth century has become a multibillion-dollar industry of professional products!!!!!!!

***the huge growth in day spas has also been a significant development

*** the domain of cosmetology has changed dramatically . All the new services and skills have transformed and expanded the role of cosmetologists, requiring them to know more than ever and to make continuing education a necessity

slide63
men’s-only specialty shops and barber spas have gained popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

Luxury-insider.com

Psfk.com

Reviewjournal.com

slide64
Career Opportunities
  • Haircolor Specialist-extremely creative area of this industry. Training yourself and others, work for a product manufacturer

Beautyschools.edu

Beautifulhairsandiego.com

slide65
Texture Service Specialist-specializes in all chemical texture services

~ perming

~ straightening

~ training others

~ work for manufacturer

slide66
Ehow.com

Stylekandy.com

Easy-hairstyles.com

slide67
Cutting specialist-dedicated interest in learning various cutting styles and techniques
  • After perfecting your own skills and developing your own method of cutting hair (everyone develops their own way of cutting hair), study with reputable haircutters and learn their systems and techniques-helps you to perform top-quality haircuts
slide69
Salon trainer-manufacturer’s and salon chains hire experienced salon professionals and train them to train others
  • can be in forms of technical training to management and interpersonal relationship training
  • work with small salons, large organizations, and trade associations in developing salon staff and personnel
slide70
Distributor sales consultant-salon employees rely on product distributors to learn about new products, new trends, and new techniques to stay current with the market
  • provides an excellent opportunity for a skilled and trained cosmetology professional to become a distributor sales consultant
  • best method for companies to get their product to the stylists
slide71
Cosmetology instructor-many instructors had fantastic careers in the salon before they decided to dedicate themselves to teaching new professionals the tricks of the trade

Educating new cosmetologists can be very trying, but it can also be some of the most rewarding work a person can do

slide72
***Salon Stylist- performs all services offered in a salon. Could be asked to handle any number of tasks and duties in the salon
slide73
***Wig or Extensions Specialist-change the length , texture and color by adding extensions, through braiding, weaving, bonding, gluing, or sewing. Wigs, especially for people who experience hair loss. Or a men’s hair replacement specialist

Cambridge.gumtree.com

Jamaica-newyork.olx.com

slide74
***Retail Specialist-work in spa, salon or department store
  • handling merchandise and inventory

Thedressingroomsalon.com

divasalonspa,.com

slide75
***Skin Care Specialist/Esthetician-offers treatments to perfect the look and health of the skin. Also trained to do makeup. With specialized training, you can work with Dermatologists to provide various treatments for problematic skin

Many will own their own business

slide76
Instituteofaesthetics.org

Designingbeautyacademy.com

Dominelli.com

slide77
***Makeup Artist-able to blend, shade, and create any image. Work with a private clientele, become a makeup director for a department store, represent a line of cosmetics, work in TV or film, fashion magazines, theater, independent freelancer
slide79
***Nail Technician/Manicurist-provide clients with manicures and pedicures, nail art, artificial nail services

***Day Spa Stylist or Technician-all salon services plus treatments like body massage, body wraps, hydrotherapy. A day spa may be the ideal professional environment for you

slide80
Beautynewsnyc.com

Funandsun.com

slide81
***Salon Manager- is a leader, helps team members achieve their goals through training, and development, counseling, and coaching. Job includes purchasing, personnel development, advertising, sales, budgeting, and people skills
slide82
***Salon Owner-has responsibilities and challenges. You set a standard for the quality of service you bring to the workplace. You make the decisions of products and services. You handle the business end, paying bills, payroll, taxes, etc.
slide83
***Product Educator-must possess good communication skills, people skills, and a dynamic image, poised, good at listening, observing, and speaking to groups. Travel is a must

Lastheplace.com

slide84
***Cosmetic Chemist-you can work for cosmetic manufacturers, become a consultant for several companies, be on a panel that studies products. Further education may be required

Lsct.com

slide85
***Session Stylist-stylist for hair and makeup for models being photographed for magazines or books

Rheeviews.com

Hji.co.uk

slide87
***Hairstylist for TV, Movies, or Theater

work with celebrities.

Mastionne.com

Epicartistry.com

slide88
***Styles Director/Artistic Director-works with videographers, fashion magazines, publishing companies, etc. to create the right look

***Design Team Member-creates presentations for fashion shows, runway work, hair shows, etc. Be on the cutting edge of fashion and design

slide89
***Platform Artist-on stage, performing for people, sharing knowledge and traveling. Demonstrates current trends and techniques. Salon experience is a must

Arrojostudio.com

slide90
***Competition Champion- “the best” display their individual talents and techniques. Often establishes their own salon, works as trainers, and sets a high standard for pricing

***Educator-work as an educational consultant for a product manufacturer, educator in the private or vocational sector, school director. Should have patience, people skills, communication skills, and energy

slide91
***Writer-for articles, books, brochures, produce videos. Work for a publishing company

***State Board Member-take a proactive role in the regulatory issues affecting the cosmetology industry. You could also become a state board examiner or a state board inspector

slide92
***Salon industry grosses about $50 billion a year in revenue
  • no limit to your possibilities
  • keep developing your skills in whatever way that interests you and soon you’ll be coupling your skills and building a most creative and unique career
slide93
Salon Management
  • management opportunities are diverse
  • * inventory manager
  • * department head
  • * special events manager
  • * assistant manager
  • * general manager
slide94
Salon owner

* enroll in business classes to learn about managing:

~ products

~ departments

~ people

slide96
You must decide whether you want to work in:
  • Specialty salon
  • Full-service salon (hair, skin, and nail services)
  • Day spa (skin, body, nail, and hair services that emphasize beauty and wellness
slide97
make each day in school positively impact your future, focus on your studies, subscribe and read professional publications
  • become a member in trade associations, continue your education by attending workshops outside of school
  • remember your license will unlock countless doors, but it is your personal dedication and passion that will fuel your career
  • be excited, you are on your way!!
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