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The Education For All Fast-Track Initiative (EFA- FTI ). By Desmond Bermingham AAI March 29, 2007. What is the EFA Fast-Track Initiative?.

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the education for all fast track initiative efa fti

The Education For All Fast-Track Initiative(EFA-FTI)

By Desmond Bermingham


March 29, 2007

what is the efa fast track initiative
What is the EFA Fast-Track Initiative?

The Education for All - Fast Track Initiative (FTI) is a global partnership between developing countries and donors to accelerate progress towards the goal of universal completion of quality primary education by 2015.

  • Partners include 30 bilateral and multilateral donor agencies
  • All low-income countries (IDA eligible) may receive some form of support
the context international agreements
The ContextInternational Agreements

World EFA Conference

March 1990, Jomtien, Thailand

Monterrey Consensus


World Education Forum

6 EFA goals

April 2000, Dakar, Senegal

Declarations on

Harmonization and

Aid Effectiveness

Rome (2003) - Paris (2005)

Millennium Declaration – 8 MDGs

September 2000, New York, USA

FTI Partnership


Why was FTI created?

  • To accelerate progress towards the education MDG targets of UPC.
  • Progress has been made but there are still 77 million children are out of school – 44 million are girls.
  • Official Development Assistance (ODA) for education has more than doubled since 2000. However, ODA levels are still far below the estimated needs of $9BN per annum.
the fti compact
The FTI Compact
  • Partner Countries
  • Develop sound education sector programs through broad based consultation
  • Demonstrate results on key performance indicators
  • Exercise leadership in developing and implementing the program and coordinating donor support
  • Donors
  • Help mobilize resources and make them more predictable
  • Align with country development priorities
  • Coordinate support around one education plan
  • Harmonize procedures as much as possible

Mutual Accountability

sector wide approach

Tertiary/ Higher Education

Primary Education

Sector-wide Approach


(voc. training, adult literacy, etc.)

FTI supports primary education as part of an overall education strategy

Secondary Education

the fti endorsement process
The FTI Endorsement Process

Country prepares a poverty reduction strategy and an education sector plan.

Sector Plan should be linked to broader budget and macro economic planning frameworks.

Education sector plan is jointly appraised by the government and the donor group, usually including the World Bank.

Each agency is responsible for ensuring that rigorous technical analysis and appropriate internal consultations are conducted during the appraisal process to enable the endorsement process to be completed.

Lead donor sends sector plan, appraisal report and signed endorsement letter to the FTI Secretariat

FTI Secretariat informs the full Partnership of the endorsement

Additional resources committed through domestic, bilateral and multilateral channels as well as the Catalytic Fund

fti indicative framework
FTI Indicative Framework

Suggested benchmarks (not targets) drawn from analysis of successful countries. Crucial for long-term sustainability of MDG progress.

  • Government spending on education – about 20% of budget
  • Spending on primary education – about 50% of education budget
  • Teacher salary – about 3.5 times GDP per capita
  • Pupil-teacher ratio – about 40:1
  • Non-teacher salary spending – 33% of recurrent spending
  • Average repetition rate – 10% or lower
  • Annual hours of instruction – 850 or more
what support does fti offer
What Support Does FTI Offer?
  • In-country resource mobilization among donors and through other channels. FTI partnership provides a global platform.
  • Resource mobilization for countries with few donors: Catalytic Fund (CF)
  • Capacity development support Upstream and downstream - Education Program Development Fund

To low-income countries with PRS and sector program, appraised and endorsed by supporting donors

To all low-income countries

mobilizing additional resources
Mobilizing additional resources

The FTI seeks to mobilize additional resources for education through four channels

  • Domestic resources – moving towards the benchmark of 20% of government expenditure
  • Bilateral and multilateral donors (including IDA) already present in the country
  • Donors – including private sector donors and foundations - not yet present in the country who are willing to provide new funding through the FTI framework
  • FTI Catalytic Fund
fti catalytic fund
FTI Catalytic Fund
  • Multi Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank
  • Grants for countries with continuing financing needs
  • Intended to crowd in financing from other sources
  • Disbursements to date: $130.1 million
  • Pledges for 07/08 : $430 M
  • Pledges for 08/09 : $330M
education program development fund epdf
Education Program Development Fund (EPDF)

Multi-donor trust fund administered by the World Bank


  • Increase the number of low-income countries with sound and sustainable education sector programs
  • Strengthen country capacity to develop policies and sector programs through a broad-based consultative process
  • Improve and share knowledge of what works
  • Strengthen donor partnerships and harmonization at the country level
  • Strengthen partnerships with regional networks and institutions
education program development fund contributions and pledges in us millions
Education Program Development Fund Contributions and Pledges (in US$ millions)

As of end February 2007

fti organization
FTI Organization



dfid and education
DFID and Education
  • 10-year $15 billion commitment to education made by Gordon Brown in April 2006 (a sharp increase from a total of less than $4 billion over the previous 10 years)

“In 2005, Make Poverty History forced governments to make promises on aid. Now, in 2006 it is time for us to keep our promises. None is more important than the Millennium Development Goal that by 2015 every one of the world’s children is able to go to school.” Gordon Brown

high level education event may 2 2007 brussels
High Level Education EventMay 2, 2007 - Brussels
  • Convened by Louis Michel, Gordon Brown and Paul Wolfowitz (EC, UK, World Bank)
  • Key messages:
    • Urgent action is needed now (2007/8 mid-point to 2015 MDGs)
    • Remarkable progress made, but huge challenges remain
    • Education goals are within reach
    • Long term predictable financing is essential (approx. $12 per child in developing world)
    • Donors need to align their efforts:
      • More aid to basic education
      • More aid to low income countries
    • Domestic efforts need to be increased also
    • Holistic sector-wide approach to education

Thank You

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