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Notes to LMS’s: This ppt is not meant to be shown all at once. Instead, use it as part of a booktalk. Introduce a genre, then talk about additional books found in your library. This ppt is not completed; rather it is a work in progress.

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slide1
Notes to LMS’s:

This ppt is not meant to be shown all at once. Instead, use it as part of a booktalk. Introduce a genre, then talk about additional books found in your library.

This ppt is not completed; rather it is a work in progress.

This is meant for grades 4-5. Feel free to change this ppt in any way to make it more appropriate for your students.

review
Review
  • What are nonfiction books?
  • What’s your favorite nonfiction book?
nonfiction
Nonfiction
  • Who came up with a plan on how to divide the books into groups?
  • Why did he do this?

born in 1851

what do we call his plan
What do we call his plan?
  • THE DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM
dewey decimal system
DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM
  • How many main groups did he divide the books into?
  • What are they?
slide8
Mr. Dewey used the Dewey Decimal System to help him classify the books in the nonfiction section.
fiction
FICTION
  • If nonfiction books are factual, what are fiction books?
  • What’s your favorite fiction book?
slide11
Within the fiction section there are lots of books that we can group together because they have something in common.

FICTION

slide12
Within the nonfiction section there are also lots of books we can group together because they have something in common.

NONFICTION

according to merriam webster s collegiate dictionary genre means
According to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, genre means…
  • “1 a category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content 2 kind. sort.”
slide17
biographies

adventure stories

mystery

fantasy

Picture books

Fairy tales

horror

Did we miss any genres?

myths

poetry

romance

Science fiction

Realistic fiction

fables

Historical fiction

slide20
SCIENCE + FICTION =

SCIENCE FICTION

slide22
Bruce

Coville

born in Syracuse, New York, on May 16, 1950

he writes lots of different series such as
He writes lots of different series such as:
  • Sixth Grade Alien Series
  • Space Brat Series
  • Rod Albright Alien Adventures
  • Bruce Coville's Books of...
  • My Teacher Is an Alien Series
aliens stole my body
ALIENS STOLE MY BODY
  • Can you imagine what you would be like if your brain was empty?! That’s what happens to Rod. He has to figure out a way to get his mind and his body back together again!
slide25
Most science fiction books have characters with strange names. Try reading some of the names in this book:
  • Selima Khan
  • Snout
  • Elspeth
  • Madam Pong
  • Grakker
  • Ah-Rit
what does the word setting mean
What does the word SETTING mean?
  • The setting of science fiction books can be -
  • in the future
  • in space
  • in a different world
  • in a different universe.
  • This book takes place on the planet Kryndamar.
k a applegate animorph series
K. A. Applegate:Animorph series
  • There are 54 books in the ANIMORPH series.
  • The kids in these books can “morph” into an animal!
  • How? They touch something that’s alive and

aborb DNA into their own bodies. That

gives them the power to morph.

animorph series
Animorph series

What makes these books science fiction?

franny k stein mad scientist
Franny K. SteinMad Scientist
  • Kissypie! What kind of middle name is that?!
  • How can a name like that turn this book into a science fiction book?

THE FRAN THAT TIME FORGOT

franny k stein mad scientist32
Franny K. SteinMad Scientist
  • Franny invents a time-warp machine.
  • She goes back in time to when she’s a baby.

THE FRAN THAT TIME FORGOT

slide34
If you like science fiction,

you’ll probably like

FANTASY

the monster s ring fantasy
THE MONSTER’S RING(fantasy)
  • In the Monster’s Ring, Russell goes into a magic shop and ends up buying a “monster’s ring.”
  • He doesn’t really believe it’s magic, but when he puts it on his finger, twists it once, then says the magic words, he turns into a monster!
the monster s ring fantasy37
THE MONSTER’S RING(fantasy)
  • What’s going to happen when he twists the ring two times, or even worse, three times?!
what kind of struggle might happen in the monster s ring
What kind of struggle might happen in The Monster’s Ring?
  • A fantasy book is not true; therefore it is ___________.
  • The plot will usually involve a big struggle between good and evil.
fantasy
FANTASY
  • Talking animals
  • Magical powers
  • Time travel
  • Imaginary beings from other planets

This toad has an attitude!

harry potter books by
Harry Potter books by
  • Many fantasy books are very long. Have you ever read an entire Harry Potter book?
slide44
The country was ruled by horses!!
  • Lilliputians were only about 6” tall!

Gulliver in Lilliput / retold by Margaret Hodges from Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

slide45
While there, Gulliver got caught up in a war between 2 nations.
  • The war started because the 2 nations couldn’t agree over which end of a boiled egg one should open.
jon scieszka
JON SCIESZKA
  • You might know Jon Scieszka as the author of The True Story of the Three Little Pigs.
  • But have you read the fantasy…
the not so jolly roger
The Not-So-Jolly Roger
  • Through magic, 3 boys end up in a coconut tree in a desert.
the not so jolly roger49
The Not-So-Jolly Roger
  • The pirate Blackbeard comes to the desert to bury his treasure. He sees the boys and captures them! He takes them to his pirate ship.
the not so jolly roger50
The Not-So-Jolly Roger
  • This is just one of the Time Warp Trio series.
more fantasy books
More Fantasy Books!
  • Winnie the Pooh
  • Alice in Wonderland
  • Bunnicula
  • The Giver
  • Wrinkle in Time

FANTASY: Time travel - talking animals - imaginary beings - magical powers

what is a mystery book
Genre:

MYSTERY

What is a mystery book?
  • Let’s see if you’re right.
mysteries
Mysteries
  • CHARACTERS SEEM SO REAL
  • MAIN CHARACTER COULD BE A DETECTIVE OR A SPY
  • MAIN CHARACTER LOOKS FOR CLUES TO SOLVE A PROBLEM OR A CRIME
david adler writes mysteries
DAVID ADLER writes mysteries.

DON’T THINK, JUST WRITE!

These words are on a sign in David Adler’s office. What does this sign mean?

slide55
After just writing, he would edit his work several times. Over time, he wrote many, many books.

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of Flight 54

Cam Jansen and the Ghostly Mystery

Cam Jansen and the Scary Snake Mystery

Cam Jansen and the Barking Treasure Mystery

Cam Jansen and the Triceratops Pops Mystery

Young Cam Jansen and the Pizza Shop Mystery

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Television Dog

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Stolen Diamonds

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Stolen Corn Popper

Cam Jansen and the Mystery at the Haunted House

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Chocolate Fudge Sale

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Carnival Prize

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Monster Movie

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Circus Clown

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Babe Ruth Baseball

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Gold Coins

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the Dinosaur Bones

Young Cam Jansen and the Double Beach Mystery

Cam Jansen and the Birthday Mystery

Cam Jansen #8 Mystery of the Monster Movie

Cam Jansen & the Tennis Trophy Mystery

Cam Jansen & Mystery of Stolen Diamonds

Cam Jansen and the Mystery of the U.F.O.

Cam Jansen Double Mystery #1

Young Cam Jansen and the Dinosaur Game

Young Cam Jansen and the Missing Cookie

Young Cam Jansen and the Dinosaur Game

Cam Jansen and the Mystery at the Monkey House

Young Cam Jansen and the Ice Skate Mystery

Cam Jansen and the School Play Mystery

Young Cam Jansen and the Lost Tooth

Bones and the Dinosaur Mystery

Cam Jansen and the Mystery at the Haunted House

Cam Jansen Triceratops Pops Mystery

Young Cam Jansen & the Substitute Mystery

Cam Jansen #12 Mystery of Flight 54

Cam Jansen #11 Mystery of the Stolen Corn Popper

Young Cam Jansen & the Spotted Cat Mystery

Bones and the Big Yellow Mystery

Young Cam Jansen and the Substitute Mystery

Cam Jansen 14 Chocolate Fudge Mystery

Cam Jansen & the Ghostly Mystery

Cam Jansen & the Birthday Mystery

Cam Jansen & the Catnapping Mystery

Cam Jansen & the School Play Mystery

Cam Jansen & First Day of School Mystery

Cam Jansen & the Barking Treasure Mystery

Cam Jansen & the Scary Snake Mystery

Cam Jansen & the Mystery of the UFO

Cam Jansen & Mystery of the Dinosaur Bon

cam jansen and the barking treasure mystery by david adler
CAM JANSEN AND THE BARKING TREASURE MYSTERY by David Adler
  • Little Treasure is stolen! (Little Treasure is a poodle.)
  • Cam will act like a detective. She will use her memory to find clues to solve the mystery.
slide57
CLUE

“Clue: Something that serves to guide or direct in the solution of a problem or mystery.”

www.dictionary.com

house of dies drear by virginia hamilton
HOUSE OF DIES DREARby Virginia Hamilton

A family is excited to move into this big old house because the house used to be part of the underground railroad.

house of dies drear by virginia hamilton59
HOUSE OF DIES DREARby Virginia Hamilton

But what’s happening? Is someone trying to scare them away? What motivewould the person have?

motive
MOTIVE

“Motive: an idea, need, desire, or impulse that causes a person to act in a particular way or do a particular thing; reason.

His motive for robbing the bank was not clear.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

suspects
SUSPECTS

“Suspect: one who is suspected of doing something wrong or of a crime.

She is a suspect in the robbery.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

the case of the barfy birthday by michele torrey
THE CASE OF THE BARFY BIRTHDAYby Michele Torrey
  • There are 4 mysteries in this book.
  • In each one, Drake and Nell use deductive reasoning to solve the cases.
the case of the barfy birthday by michele torrey63
THE CASE OF THE BARFY BIRTHDAYby Michele Torrey
  • In one story, so many people at the birthday party seem to be getting sick!
  • Drake and Nell make a deduction using what they know about bacteria.
deduction
DEDUCTION

“Deduction: the process of finding an answer by using what is already known to be true.

If you see footprints in the snow, and you know that the snow started falling after dark, deduction will tell you that somebody was here last night.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

dead letter by betsy byars
DEAD LETTERby Betsy Byars
  • Herculeah Jones buys a coat at a 2nd hand store. Inside the lining, she finds a letter written by a woman who is dead. In the letter, the woman says that she thinks someone is trying to kill her! She even says she’s being held prisoner!
dead letter by betsy byars66
DEAD LETTERby Betsy Byars
  • What kind of evidence will Herculeah find to prove that the woman really was murdered?
  • Worse yet, will Herculeah herself be murdered?
evidence
EVIDENCE

“Evidence: something that gives proof or a reason to believe.

Scientists have not yet found evidence of life on Mars.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

rude rowdy rumors
RUDE ROWDY RUMORS
  • Brian feels awful! Someone on his soccer team is spreading awful rumors about him!
  • He needs a witness to help him solve the mystery.

by Elizabeth Levy

witness
WITNESS

“Witness: to watch or be present at.

He witnessed the accident.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

let s check your memory
Let’s check your memory!
  • Clue
  • Motive
  • Suspects
  • Deduction
  • Evidence
  • Witness
slide71
FOLK TALES

FAIRY TALES

398.2

WHERE CAN YOU FIND THESE IN OUR LIBRARY?

FABLES

slide72
www.dictionary.com

Can you explain this?

2 entries found for folktale.

“Folktale or folk tale

n. A story or legend forming part of an oral tradition.

Folktale

n : a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk”

in folktales
In folktales,
  • animals that talk
  • monsters
  • tricks
  • # 3 or 7
folktales were told all over the world
Folktales were told all over the world.
  • Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm were born in the late 1700’s in Germany. When they grew up, they traveled a lot. Wherever they traveled, they listened to people tell stories. They published many of these stories. Today they are very famous and are known as the Brothers Grimm.
they published these stories
They published these stories.
  • Cinderella
  • Sleeping Beauty
  • Snow White
  • Little Red Riding Hood
  • Rapunzel
  • Rumpelstiltskin
  • Hansel and Gretel
  • The Frog King
the bearskinner a story by the brothers grimm with pictures by felix hoffmann
The Bearskinner : a story by the brothers Grimm; with pictures by Felix Hoffmann
  • Today we’re taught not to talk to strangers. But this story took place a long time ago so the soldier in this story not only met, but also made a deal with a stranger.
the bearskinner a story by the brothers grimm with pictures by felix hoffmann77
The Bearskinner : a story by the brothers Grimm; with pictures by Felix Hoffmann
  • The 2 agreed that if the soldier could go 7 years without shaving, washing, combing his hair, cutting his nails, or praying, then he would become very rich.
the bearskinner
The Bearskinner
  • He didn’t look too bad at first, so a woman he met fell in love with him. She agreed to wait for him for 7 years.
  • What do you think happens when she sees him after 7 years?
another grimm story
another Grimm story
  • Know where the devil lives?
  • The hero in this story has to go there to get 3 hairs from the devil’s head!
remember folktales were told all over the world
Remember, folktales were told all over the world.
  • Many of the Grimm tales we know are also found in other parts of the world. The characters and setting might be different, but the plot is basically the same.
remember folktales were told all over the world81
Remember, folktales were told all over the world.
  • In this book, Judy Sierra collected 15 stories from all around the world. You have to read each one and match them with a familiar story such as The Frog Prince or Rumpelstiltskin.
virginia haviland
Virginia Haviland
  • Virginia Haviland was like the Grimm Brothers. In that she collected stories from all over the world. Favorite Fairy Tales is a series of stories told in 16 countries.
favorite fairy tales told in india
FAVORITE FAIRY TALES TOLD IN INDIA
  • “Slip Slop Gobble” is a story in this book.
  • Parrot is greedy and mean while Cat is really nice. Nice doesn’t cut it though when Parrot is hungry enough to eat everyone he meets!
folk tales
FOLK TALES
  • tales of talking animals
  • tales that tell why (Pourquoi tales)
  • tales of magic (fairy tales)
  • cumulative tales
  • tales of exaggeration (legends, tall tales)

Fairy tales are tales of magic. They are folk tales.

wanda gag s the six swans
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • ONE day a king solved a problem by making a deal with an old woman. As a result, he had to marry the woman’s daughter who was very wicked indeed.
wanda gag s the six swans90
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • Because the king had bad vibes about his new wife, he worried that his 6 sons and a daughter from a previous marriage might not be safe. He didn’t even want his new wife to know they existed. So he hid them in a castle deep in the woods. His new wife was smart though. She paid the king’s servants to tell her where he went everyday.
wanda gag s the six swans91
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • She came up with a plan. She sewed some white shirts and then sewed a spell in each one. Then she set off for the castle. The boys thought their father was coming so they ran outside. She threw a shirt over each one of them and watched as they turned into swans.
wanda gag s the six swans92
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • It’s a good thing the daughter didn’t run outside. She’s the only one who didn’t turn into a swan. She ran into the forest to find her brothers.
wanda gag s the six swans93
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • Eventually she found them and discovered that if she wanted to break the spell, she had to sew 6 shirts made out of star flowers and couldn’t laugh or speak for 6 years. She was determined to do this. It was a little hard though when a king decided to marry her. For 6 years of marriage she never laughed or talked. She had 3 kids, but her mother-in-law took them away from her and hid them. She had a very difficult life.
wanda gag s the six swans94
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans

The king finally decided that she must be killing her babies and decided she should die. On the final day of the 6 years, she was about to be burned to death. Just as someone was lighting the fire, she looked up and saw 6 swans.

wanda gag s the six swans95
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • She quickly threw the six shirts over them. The magic spell was off! There was only one problem – the youngest brother still had 1 swan wing.
wanda gag s the six swans96
Wanda Gag's The Six Swans
  • The king found out his mother had lied. I don’t know what happened to his mother, but everyone else lived happily ever after.
rafe martin
Rafe Martin
  • Rafe Martin read The Six Swans. When he finished, he had a lot of questions that he wanted answered. He wondered what happened to the boy who still had one wing.
rafe martin99
Rafe Martin
  • “What happens to that boy?”
  • “What kind of young man will he become?”
  • “How will he find his place on this earth and be happy, when all who see him think him a cripple or worse, a freak?”

http://www.embracingthechild.org/authors2005.html

birdwing
BIRDWING
  • So Rafe Martin wrote BIRDWING. This story begins 6 years later and is mostly about the youngest boy, Prince Ardwin.
birdwing101
BIRDWING
  • Prince Ardwin can’t figure out whether he wants to stay with his family or return to the sky.
birdwing102
BIRDWING
  • If he stays, he might have to get a mechanical arm. Plus his father might make him marry another king’s daughter. So he leaves.
birdwing103
BIRDWING
  • While he’s gone, he experiences violence, danger, struggles and love. He even sees his stepmother, the one who turned him into a swan to begin with!
folktales by rafe martin
Folktales by Rafe Martin

A man tells his 2 sons it is time to prove themselves. One leaves and spends lots of money. The other leaves and saves a baby bird. He ends up understanding the language of birds. Then - danger comes!

(Russian folktale)

folktales by rafe martin105
Folktales by Rafe Martin

In THE SHARK GOD, 2 children are condemned to death. Their parents hope the ferocious shark god will help save them.

(Hawaiian folktale)

slide107
FABLE:

“1 a short tale that teaches a lesson. The characters in fables are often animals who speak and act like people.

"The Fox and the Grapes" is a well-known fable by Aesop.

2 a false story; lie.

He told us a fable about his father being a jet pilot.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

characters
CHARACTERS
  • Characters don’t usually have names like we do. They go by the type of animal.
  • They talk and act like people.

ANT

GRASSHOPPER

the characters don t change much
The characters don’t change much.
  • Foxes are always clever.
  • Mice are always small and weak.
  • But the main character always learns a lesson.
moral 1 the lesson about right and wrong learned from a story or event
MORAL:“1 the lesson about right and wrong learned from a story or event.”

http://www.factsforlearning.com/ffl-dictionary.asp

what do these morals mean
What do these morals mean?
  • Never trust a flatterer.
  • It is easy to scorn what you cannot get.
  • One cannot get through life without a little work.
  • Let your actions speak for themselves.
  • Too much greed will not bring success.

Aesop

aesop
AESOP
  • The man who wrote most of the fables we know is named Aesop.
  • He lived as a slave in Greece in the 6th century.
  • We don’t know a lot about him, but we do know that his master eventually gave him freedom.
slide115
The fable in this book that you might like the best has this moral:
  • He who smelt it, dealt it!
slide118
Information from:Infotrac Jr. Edition. Dictionary: Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/nysl_ce_syrcl?db=K12Jhttp://www.kidsreads.com/features/010613-applegate.asphttp://www.brucecoville.com/http://www.davidaadler.com/bio.htmhttp://www.websterschools.org/classrooms/state_library/mystery_elements.htmlhttp://us.penguingroup.comwww.dictionary.comhttp://www.nationalgeographic.com/grimm/article.htmlhttp://havilands.org/HavilandsCom/Biographies/VirginiaHaviland/biblio.htmlhttp://www.embracingthechild.org/authors2005.htmlhttp://www.libsci.sc.edu/miller/EvalTraditional.htm
slide119
Pictures from:http://www.altavista.comhttp://www.metacrawler.comMicrosoft Word 2004 for Mac cliparthttp://www.youseemore.com/SCSDwww.btsb.comwww.google.comhttp://www.stfx.ca/people/edemont/Courses/301/Laboratories/scaling.htmlhttp://www.brucecoville.com/www.elizabethlevy.com
additional website to use with students
Additional website to use with students

For fairy tale genre:

http://www.classicfairytales.com/en/main

slide121
Bonnie FrenchTina LaramieMichele RomeoLibrary Media SpecialistsSyracuse City School DistrictSyracuse, New York
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