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Cholesterol 101. Facts Every Adult Should Know. By : Jennifer Palm. A waxy, fat-like substance Produced naturally in the body - via the liver Also consumed through your diet. What is Cholesterol?. Sources of cholesterol. Cholesterol Continued.

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cholesterol 101

Cholesterol 101

Facts Every Adult Should Know

By: JenniferPalm

what is cholesterol
A waxy, fat-like substance

Produced naturally

in the body

- via the liver

Also consumed through your diet

What is Cholesterol?

Sources of cholesterol

cholesterol continued
Cholesterol Continued

It’s normal to have a certain amount of cholesterol in your body

In fact, it’s needed for good health

  • to produce cell membranes and various hormones

But too much cholesterol can have a negative impact on your health

types of cholesterol
Types of Cholesterol
  • There are two different kinds:
    • Low-density lipoproteins (LDL)
      • Often referred to as “bad”

cholesterol

    • High-density lipoproteins (HDL)
      • Often referred to as “good”

cholesterol

types of cholesterol cont d
Types of Cholesterol Cont’d

Low-density lipoproteins

  • deliver cholesterol to the body
  • stick to the walls of the arteries – clogging them

High-density lipoproteins

  • carry the LDL to the liver to be broken down
  • work to protect the arteries from plaque build up
high cholesterol
Also known as hypercholesterolemia

Greatly increases your risk of having a heart attack or stroke

High Cholesterol
high cholesterol continued
High Cholesterol Continued

Extra cholesterol in the blood

Builds up on the walls ofyour arteries

Causing arteries to narrow or harden

- a process known as atherosclerosis

Which can completely block an artery

high cholesterol continued8
High Cholesterol Continued

This picture illustrates how cholesterol builds up in your arteries over time.

high cholesterol continued9
High Cholesterol Continued

A blocked artery has the potential to be extremely life-threatening.

contributing factors
Contributing Factors
  • Diet
    • Consuming foods high in saturated/trans fats and dietary cholesterol
    • Includes:
      • Fast food
      • Fried food
      • Egg yolks
      • Meat
      • Dairy products
contributing factors continued
Contributing Factors Continued
  • Obesity
    • Major risk factor for heart disease
    • Usually due to an intake of foods high in saturated fats
  • Smoking
    • Another risk factor for heart disease and stroke
    • Reduces HDL and changes LDL
contributing factors continued12
Contributing Factors Continued
  • Inactivity
    • Can lead to weight gain
      • Raising LDL cholesterol
  • Heredity
    • High cholesterol tends to run in families
      • Resulting in high levels of LDL
contributing factors continued13
Contributing Factors Continued
  • Gender and Age
    • Men usually develop coronary artery disease earlier than women
    • Men tend to have lower HDL levels while women have higher LDL
    • Everyone’s LDL levels rise as they age
contributing factors continued14
Contributing Factors Continued
  • Other Medical Conditions
    • There are other conditions that can also affect your cholesterol levels, including:
          • Kidney disease
          • Diabetes
          • Hypothyroidism
recommended values
Recommended Values

If total cholesterol and LDL are higher than recommended values or if HDL is lower, you are at an increased risk for heart disease.

cholesterol testing
Cholesterol Testing
  • There are no signs and symptoms
  • So, get your blood cholesterol checked at least once a year by your physician
cholesterol testing continued
Cholesterol Testing Continued
  • If your cholesterol is high:
    • You will be put on a diet and exercise regimen
    • If that does not work, you will be put on medication
suggestions for lowering cholesterol
Suggestions For Lowering Cholesterol

Maintain a healthy diet

  • Limit saturated and trans

fats in your diet

  • Increase dietary fiber
  • Eat plenty of fruits and

vegetables

They contain zero cholesterol!

suggestions for lowering cholesterol cont d
Suggestions For Lowering Cholesterol Cont’d

Maintain a healthy weight

  • Being overweight or obese can drastically increase LDL levels
  • Losing weight can lower these levels

A proper diet and regular physical activity

can help you achieve this!

suggestions for lowering cholesterol cont d20
Suggestions For Lowering Cholesterol Cont’d
  • Be active
  • Engage in at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most, if not all days of the week
  • Benefits:
  • lower cholesterol levels
  • maintain a healthy weight
suggestions for lowering cholesterol cont d21
Quit smoking

It speeds up the process of atherosclerosis

Limit alcohol consumption

Suggestions For Lowering Cholesterol Cont’d
references
References

http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1516

http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/risk/029.html

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