Cholesterol - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

benjamin
cholesterol n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cholesterol PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cholesterol

play fullscreen
1 / 54
Download Presentation
Cholesterol
413 Views
Download Presentation

Cholesterol

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Cholesterol

  2. Welcome to the Cholesterol Jeopardy Gameshow! There are 5 categories and each category has five questions ranging from 10-50 points. If you have no background knowledge on cholesterol, then don’t feel bad if you get a lot of these wrong! This is an opportunity for you to learn about cholesterol! Have Fun! Rules and Information

  3. WebMD. (nd). Cholesterol and Triglycerides Tests. [accessed 14 March 2015]. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/cholesterol-and-triglycerides-tests. • Mayo Clinic. (nd). Tests and diagnosis. [accessed 14 March 2015]. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20020865. • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (nd). What You Can Do. [accessed 14 March 2015]. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/cholesterol/what_you_can_do.htm. • Disabled World. (2006-02-25). Saturated Fats Trans Fats and Unsaturated Fats. [accessed 14 March 2015]. Retrieved from http://www.disabled-world.com/artman/publish/fats.shtml. Sources

  4. What does LDL Stand For? Question 1 - 10

  5. Low-Density Lipoprotein Answer 1 – 10

  6. Speaking In normal terms, is LDL good or bad? Question 1 - 20

  7. LDL is in fact bad for you. Answer 1 – 20

  8. What is the structure of LDL? Question 1 - 30

  9. Has a very low density of lipoproteins and a very high density of cholesterol Answer 1 – 30

  10. Where does LDL come from? Question 1 - 40

  11. The liver transports very low quantities of it but the junky foods that are in todays diet have LDL. Answer 1 – 40

  12. Why do doctors monitor the concentrations of LDL in patients’ blood? Question 1 - 50

  13. Because to high levels of LDL can cause risk of heart attack, stroke. Answer 1 – 50

  14. What does HDL stand for? Question 2 - 10

  15. High Density Lipoprotein. Answer 2 – 10

  16. Speaking In normal terms, is HDL good or bad? Question 2 - 20

  17. In normal terms HDL is good cholesterol. Answer 2 – 20

  18. What is the structure of HDL? Question 2 - 30

  19. Has a high density of lipoproteins and a lower density of cholesterol. Answer 2 – 30

  20. What is the function of HDL? Question 2 - 40

  21. HDL is created by the liver to go through the bloodstream and “remove” the lingering LDL cholesterol to keep the blood stream clean. Answer 2 – 40

  22. Daily Double Surprise: What is the Function of LDL? Question 2 - 50

  23. LDL is created by the liver to be sent to certain parts of the body. Since cholesterol is a lipid it is a precursor to hormones and steroids that our body needs to be able to change and grow. Answer 2 – 50

  24. What type of test can be used to measure cholesterol? Question 3 - 10

  25. Lipid panel or lipid profile or lipoprotein profile Answer 3 – 10

  26. What are the benefits in monitoring cholesterol? (Name 2) Question 3 - 20

  27. To check your response to medicines used to treat lipid disorders. • To find your risk of having heart problems and blood flow problems. • To determine if you have any genetic diseases that make you have high cholesterol. Answer 3 – 20

  28. What can patients do to change the levels of LDL and HDL in their blood? (Name 2) Question 3 - 30

  29. Eat a Healthy Diet • Maintain a Healthy Weight • Exercise Regularly • Don't Smoke • Treat Your High Cholesterol Answer 3 – 30

  30. What other molecules in a patient’s blood are monitored along with LDL and HDL? (Name 1) Question 3 - 40

  31. Triglycerides • Chylomicrons (sometimes) • Other types of lipids (unsaturated, saturated, and trans) Answer 3 – 40

  32. How are the concentrations of LDL and HDL associated with the risk for heart disease and associated disorders? Question 3 - 50

  33. In general, the higher your LDL level and the more risk factors you have, the greater your chances of developing heart disease or having a heart attack. • HDL cholesterol protects against heart disease, so for HDL, higher numbers are better. A level less than 40 mg/dL is low and increases your risk for developing heart disease. Answer 3 – 50

  34. What is the difference between Saturated and unsaturated Fat? Question 4 - 10

  35. Unsaturated fats have a double bond and saturated fats don’t. • Unsaturated fats are the good fats, while saturated fats are the bad fats. • Unsaturated fats are derived from plants, and saturated fats are derived from animals. Answer 4 – 10

  36. What is a Trans Fat? (Describe as best as you can) Question 4 - 20

  37. It is a type of fat that according to the FDA is no longer safe to consume in food. • Trans fats can be found in many types of pre-packaged items, like cookies, crackers and potato chips. • Trans fat is formed when hydrogen is added to vegetable oils, a process called hydrogenation which increases the shelf life and flavor of food containing these fats. • Trans fats are also found in many fried foods such as french fries and doughnuts. Answer 4 – 20

  38. How does the intake of unsaturated fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health? Question 4 - 30

  39. Unsaturated fats raise HDL levels which in turn lowers LDL levels in the bloodstream. Answer 4 – 30

  40. How does the intake of saturated fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health? Question 4 - 40

  41. Raises LDL levels very high and can increase the risk of Heart Disease. Answer 4 – 40

  42. How does the intake of trans fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health? Question 4 - 50

  43. Raises LDL levels very high and lowers HDL levels. • Can increase the risk of Heart Disease. Answer 4 – 50

  44. What type of macromolecule is cholesterol? Question 5 - 10

  45. Lipid Answer 5 – 10

  46. What do the results of a cholesterol test mean? Question 5 - 20

  47. Your cholesterol levels can help your doctor find out your risk for having a heart attack or stroke. • They also can tell your doctor if you have any genetic cholesterol disorders. Answer 5 – 20

  48. How should patients interpret each value? Question 5 - 30

  49. Total Cholesterol Level: Less than 200 mg/dL = Desirable 200-239 mg/dL = Borderline High 240 mg/dL and above = High LDL Cholesterol Level: Less than 100 mg/dL = Optimal 100-129 mg/dL = Near optimal 130-159 mg/dL = Borderline high 160-189 mg/dL = High 190 mg/dL and above = Very high Answer 5 – 30