FISKERIPOLITIKK I BEVEGELSENordisk fiskerikonferanse Universitetet i Tromsø, 23-24 oktober 2012 Gabriella Bianchi Coordinator, Marine and Inland Fisheries Service FAO, Rome
Major changes over last 15 years Rising demand for fish & fishery products Increase in global aquaculture production Growth in world trade of fish & fishery products Global call for responsible governance
World review • Global production • 148.5 million tonnestotal • Total value US$217.5 billion • Capture : 88.6 million tonnes • marine: 77.4 million • inland : 11.2 million • Aquaculture : 59.9 million tonnes
Fish as food 128 million tonnes Record 18.4 kg/capita 47% from aquaculture 15% of animal protein for4.3 billion people
inland capture Trends in global fishproduction inlandaquaculture marine aquaculture marine capture
World review Marine capture fisheries 77.4 million tonnes Variations in catch trends 27% from Northwest Pacific
Increasein catchesfrom the sea can onlytake place as a result of restoringoverexploitedfish stocks !
World review • Inland fisheries • >11 million tonnes • Catch statistics poor • Resources vulnerable to habitat degradation • Contribution to food & nutrition security underestimated
World review • Aquaculture • Fastest-growing food sector • annual growth rate 8.8% • 59.9 million tonnes in 2010 • Value US$119 billion • Increasing % of fed species
Fish supply Source: FAO FISHSTAT
Bridging the supply-demand gaps • If aquaculture production follow the recent trend, expected aquaculture growth rate: • 4.0 percent annually. • To feed growing world population, required aquaculture growth rate: • 5.6 percent annually.
Key challengesforaquaculture • Land and water availability • Feeds: availability of Fishmeal and Fish Oil • Transfer of technology and knowledge to most needed nations and regions • Minimizing aquaculture ecosystem impacts • Minimizing negative impacts on aquaculture; e.g. climate change, industrial pollution • Improving biosecurity and health management • Improve financing and investment specially for small farmers • Conducive policy
Main messages • Demand for fish is increasing and will continue to do so • Capture fisheries can only increase its contribution by strengthening governance to maximize natural productivity • Increased demand will have to be met mainly through increased aquaculture production • Aquaculture also requires good governance and a change in species that are cultivated to aim at lower trophic levels