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The Effects of Adventure Education on At-Risk Populations and Group Cohesion. By Dave Lueck ESS 777 Fall 2008. Introduction.
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By Dave Lueck
This project aimed to research the effects of Adventure Education and similar programs on the behavior of at-risk populations, as well as on group cohesion. To that end, 10 Adventure Education/at-risk articles and 3 Adventure Education/group cohesion research articles were reviewed. The following slides provide definitions, results, limitations, conclusions, suggestions for future research, and a bibliography.
Autry, C. E. (2001). Adventure therapy with girls at-risk: responses to outdoor experiential activities. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 35(4), 289-306.
Attah, E.B. and Fischer, R.L. (2001). City kids in the wilderness: a pilot-test of outward bound for foster care group-home youth. The Journal of Experiential Education, 24 (2), 109-117.
Benshoff, J. and Glass, J. (2002) Facilitating group cohesion among adolescents through challenge course experiences. The Journal of Experiential Education, 25 (2), 268-277.
Bloemhoff, H.J. (2006) The effect of an adventure-based recreation programme (ropes course) on the development of resiliency in at-risk adolescent boys confined to a rehabilitation centre. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 28 (1), 1-11.
Conley, L., Caldarella, P., and Young, E. (2007). Evaluation of a ropes course experience for at-risk secondary school students. Journal of Experiential Education, 30 (1), 21-35.
Crompton, J. and West, S. (2001) A review of the impact of adventure programs on at-risk youth. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 19 (2), 113-140.
Cross, R. (2002). The effects of an adventure education program on perceptions of alienation and personal control among at-risk adolescents. The Journal of Experiential Education, 25(1), 247-254.
Edwards, J., Gordon, S., and Houghton, S. (1998). Effecting intentional change in adventure programming for “at-risk” adolescents. Perth, Australia: Proceedings of the International Adventure Therapy Conference. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 424 068)
Ford, P. and Blanchard, J. (1993) The leadership and administration of outdoor pursuits. USA: Venture.
Flexner, S. and Hauck, L. (Eds.). (1996) Random house unabridged dictionary. (2nd ed.) New York: Random House.
Gilbertson, K., Bates, T., McLaughlin, T., and Ewert, A. (2006) Outdoor education: methods and strategies. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Hatch, K.D. and McCarthy, C.J. (2005). Exploration of challenge courses’ long-term effects on members of college student organizations. Journal of Experiential Education, 27 (3), 245-264.
Kugath, S. (1997) The effects of family participation in an outdoor adventure program. Proceedings of the International Conference on Outdoor Recreation and Education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 417 050)
Lindsay, J.F., Jr. and Newberry, E.H. (2000) The impact of social skills training and challenge course training on locus of control of youth from residential care. The Journal of Experiential Education, 23 (1), 39-42.
Lipsey, M.and Wilson, S. (2000). Wilderness challenge programs for delinquent youth: a meta-analysis of outcome evaluations. Evaluation and Program Planning, 23 (2000), 1-12.
Neill, J. (2001). The impact of outward bound challenge courses on disadvantaged youth. Colonial Foundation, 1-23.
Priest, S. and Gass, M. (2005) Effective leadership in adventure programming. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Prouty, D., Panicucci, J., and Collinson, R. (Eds.) (2007) Adventure education: theory and applications. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Stumbo, N. (1999) Intervention activities for at-risk youth. State College, PA: Venture.
Weinberg, R. and Gould, D. (2007) Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.