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5 A DAY The 5 A Day Programme Background Importance of Fruit and Vegetables Why eat more fruit and vegetables? Why are fruit and vegetables protective? How do fruit and vegetables fit into a healthy diet? What is a portion? Useful contacts 5 A Day - Background

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the 5 a day programme
The 5 A Day Programme
  • Background
  • Importance of Fruit and Vegetables
  • Why eat more fruit and vegetables?
  • Why are fruit and vegetables protective?
  • How do fruit and vegetables fit into a healthy diet?
  • What is a portion?
  • Useful contacts
5 a day background
5 A Day - Background
  • Cancer and CHD account for approx 60% of deaths in the UK
  • A key government strategy – improve diet
  • National 5-A-Day programme developed to address attitudes, awareness, access and availability of fruit and veg
importance of fruit vegetables
Importance of Fruit & Vegetables
  • Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption could reduce the risk of deaths from CHD, Cancer and Stroke by 20% (DOH, 2000)
  • Eating fruit & vegetables is recognised as being the second most effective strategy for reducing cancers, after stopping smoking
why eat more fruit and vegetables
Why eat more fruit and vegetables?
  • Clear & growing evidence for the protective effects of fruit & veg against chronic diseases (e.g. CHD, Cancer, Stroke)
  • Positive effect on dietary goals e.g. recommendations to increase fibre and reduce fat.
  • Reduce risk of obesity & weight gain
  • Help management of diabetes
  • Delay development of cataracts
  • Improve bowel function
  • Help reduce blood pressure
why are fruit and vegetables protective
Why are fruit and vegetables protective?
  • They contain a lot of the nutrients essential to our bodies
  • They contain a wide variety of substances known to have health benefits
  • They supply a rich cocktail of interacting components
how do fruit vegetables fit into a healthy diet
How do fruit & vegetables fit into a healthy diet?

(adapted from British Heart Foundation, 2000)

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What is a portion?

Each of these is an example of a portion of fruit or veg.

what counts
What counts?

One portion weighs about 80g/3 oz or about a ‘handful.’

You don’t have to eat only fresh foods: Fresh, frozen, chilled, canned 100% juice and dried fruits and vegetables all count.

Fruit juice & pulses

only count as 1 portion

per day, no matter how

often you have them, as

they don’t contain enough fibre

A portion of dried fruit is about the same as you would eat if it was fresh e.g. 3 dried apricots, 2 figs

  • Which foods don’t count at all?
  • Potatoes
  • fruit squash
  • fruit yoghurt
  • fruit & nut chocolate bars
  • fruit jam
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More information about 5 A Day is available from:

Department of Health

Telephone: 020 7210 4850

www.5aday.nhs.uk

Food Standards Agency

Telephone: 020 7276 8000

www.eatwell.gov.uk