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SEAL FISHERY AND SEAL-BASED PRODUCTS Fereidoon Shahidi Department of Biochemistry Memorial University of Newfoundland St. John’s, NL, A1B3X9 History & Dependence Sealing industry dates back to 1700’s Annual landings vary due to markets and climate

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seal fishery and seal based products

SEAL FISHERY AND SEAL-BASED PRODUCTS

Fereidoon Shahidi

Department of Biochemistry

Memorial University of Newfoundland

St. John’s, NL, A1B3X9

history dependence
History & Dependence
  • Sealing industry dates back to 1700’s
  • Annual landings vary due to markets and climate
  • Provides income and food to coastal communities
seal de blubbering
“Seal De-blubbering”

St. John’s Waterfront -1897

the phocid seals of eastern canada
The Phocid Seals of Eastern Canada
  • Bearded Seal (Erignathus barbatus)
  • Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus)
  • Harbour Seal (Phoca vitulina)
  • Harp Seal (Phoca groenlandica)
  • Hooded Seal (Cystophora cristata)
  • Ringed Seal (Phoca hispida)
top five species landed value millions

1989

2003

Lobster

Plaice

$18

Seals

Cod

$14

$20

$29

$19

$144

$235

Shrimp

Crab

$18

$27

Shrimp

Lobster

$120

Cod

Top Five SpeciesLanded Value (millions)

Capelin

P = Preliminary

resource utilization benefits
Resource Utilization & Benefits
  • 2003 fishery successful due strong markets
  • 2003 Export Value - $40 million
  • 2003 fishery harvest 306,000 seals
  • 300 plant workers - 4000 harvesters
  • Increased private sector investment
  • Remains important part of annual income for sealers and plant workers