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Parts of a Plant Biology 112 Flowers and Angiosperm Reproduction Handouts Flower diagram Angiosperm lifecycle Flower Reproductive organ of the plant Flowers are usually both male and female The male part of the flower is the STAMEN The female part of the flower is the PISTIL

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parts of a plant

Parts of a Plant

Biology 112

flowers and angiosperm reproduction
Flowers and Angiosperm Reproduction
  • Handouts
    • Flower diagram
    • Angiosperm lifecycle
flower
Flower
  • Reproductive organ of the plant
  • Flowers are usually both male and female
  • The male part of the flower is the STAMEN
  • The female part of the flower is the PISTIL
plant reproduction
Plant Reproduction
  • Pollen is produced by the stamen.
  • Pollen moves away from the plant via the wind or other pollinators (birds & bees)
  • The pollen lands on the pistil of another plant and fertilizes the eggs within the ovary
  • The flower petals fall off, the ovary develops into a FRUIT that encloses the seeds
  • Fruits are dispersed in a variety of ways (wind, animals)
  • Fruits are not always edible, anything with a seed inside can be considered a fruit (helicopters, acorns, dandelions)
roots
Roots
  • water and minerals are absorbed (taproots vs fibrous roots)
  • also used to anchor the plant
  • movement of water up to leaves is influenced by TRANSPIRATION
stems
Stems
  • Support plant
  • transport water through xylem
  • transport nutrients through phloem

a celery stalk soaked in food coloring will absorb the food coloring, you can see the xylem

leaves
Leaves
  • Photosynthetic organ of the plant, used to convert sunlight into food
  • Photosynthesis Equation:
slide10
Stomata: pores within the leaf that open to let CO2 in and O2 out. Guard cells open and close.
  • Cuticle: waxy covering on leaf that prevents water loss
how plants grow
How Plants Grow
  • Germination occurs when a seed sprouts (usually caused by changes of temperature and moisture)
  • Monocots have 1 seed leaf (cotyledon), Dicots have 2 seed leaves
slide13
Perennials - live several years, and reproduce many times, woody plants are perennials
  • Annuals - a plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season (grows, flowers, reproduces and then dies)
  • Biennials - takes two growing seasons to complete, it reproduces in the second growing season
slide14
Plants grow only at their tips in regions called MERISTEMS
  • PRIMARY GROWTH makes a plant taller at roots and stems
  • SECONDARY GROWTH makes a plant wider, or adds woody tissue
slide15
Tree Rings tell the age of a tree, each ring represents a growing season. The photo shows a tree who has been through four growing seasons. The lighter thinner rings are winter periods.
  • VASCULAR CAMBIUM: area of the tree that makes more xylem and phloem and forms the annual rings
transport in plants
Transport in Plants
  • Transpiration
    • “Cohesion-Tension Theory” (water molecules attach to one another) Each molecule pulls on its neighboring molecule creating a continuous chain of water from tip pf the roots to each stomata.
    • The majority of the water taken up by roots is lost to the air as water vapor – allowing the movement up from roots to stem to leaf
absorption of water
Absorption of Water
  • Most water enters through root hairs through osmosis.
    • Root pressure
  • Active transport allow minerals to move into the root form the soil
translocation
Translocation
  • The movement of food from one part of the plant to another
  • “pressure-flow hypothesis”
    • Sugar enters the phloem tube through active transport
    • Water enters the phloem through osmosis increasing the pressure in the phloem tube.
    • This pressure pushes the sugar through the phloem
slide19
As the solution moves through the plant cells that need the sugar removes it from the phloem, causing the water to move out through osmosis.
  • The loading and unloading of sugar requires energy but the movement is passive.
  • The sugar made at the leaves can move to all parts of the plant