Chapter 10- Interest Groups. (1). Define what an Interest Group is, and contrast its functions with political parties . (2). Examine the role, characteristics, growth, and diverse types of Interest Groups.
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Interest Groups Versus Political Parties
Purpose & priorities of Interest Group?
An organized group of people who share some goals and try to influence public policy.
Why the growth of Interest Groups?
What are the different types of Interest Groups?
Interest groups, also known as public interest groups, dedicated to promoting a vision of good public policy rather than the economic interests of their members.
Social-economic status => political activism
The Collective Goods Dilemma?
A dilemma created when people can obtain the benefits of interest group activity without paying any of the costs associated with it.
(In this situation, the interest group may not form because everyone has an incentive to let someone else pay the costs of group formation.)
People who benefit w/o paying are called?*
People or groups who benefit from the efforts of others without bearing any of the costs.
So how are such obstacles to IG formation overcome?
The actual goods and services that come from belonging to an interest group.
The emotional and psychological enjoyment that comes from belonging to an interest group whose members share common interests and goals.
The feelings of satisfaction people derive from working for an interest group cause they believe is just and right. Also known as purposive benefits.
Any benefit given to a member of a group, but denied to nonmembers
Let’s examine each strategy in greater detail=>
Organizations that solicit contributions from members of interest groups and channel those contributions to election campaigns-
(usually for those candidates supporting policies favorable to members of the Interest Group- though not always).
PACs gave nearly two-thirdsof their congressional campaign contributions to Democratic candidates when the Democrats were the majority party on Capitol Hill.
When the Republican Party gained control of Congress, that donation pattern reversed. During the 1997-1998 election cycle, Republican candidates received a majority of PAC contributions.
Trying to influence governmental decisions, especially the voting decisions legislators make on proposed legislation.
What are the different ways to lobby?
Trying to influence public policy through direct contact with government officials.
Various methods used to mobilize Public Opinion:
Interest groups try to mobilize the public through education hoping that the public will demand government action.
Newspaper, television, and radio advertisements that promote an interest group's political views.
Trying to influence public policy indirectly by mobilizing an interest group's membership and the broader public to contact elected officials.
Efforts, usually led by interest groups (or Corporations)with deepfinancial pockets, to create synthetic grass-roots movementsby aggressively encouraging voters to contact their elected officials about specific issues.
Civil disobedience is the practice ofbreaking lawsin order topressure legislatorsto change perceived unjust laws.
Interest Group Influence?